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Trinity ISE II B2 / Personal values & ideals Flashcards | Quizlet
c resume moscow M.A., Translation and Interpretation. For all quotes and requests, please use email. I have been working as a Russian interpreter and translator for almost twenty years. I have a lot of experience in conference interpreting. I have worked at various high-level events all over the United States and the world. Currently I live in the Washington, DC metropolitan area. Legal (import and export legislation, laws, resolutions, provisions, trade, customs regulations, contracts, court interpretation) Medicine (prevention and treatment of health hazards related to radiation; women's health, healthcare reform) Nuclear nonproliferation (nuclear industry and policies in the Commonwealth of and ideals Independent States, nuclear facilities, nuclear materials, technology, production processes, mining) Military (nuclear, chemical, and and the Dutch Golden Age Essay other weapons of mass destruction, equipment, policies, conversion, navy) Economics and finance International policy Oil/gas (prospecting, drilling, maintenance of wells) Energy (safety standards, policy, specialist exchange programs); Space (satellites, policy, the International Space Station); Agriculture Education (university administration, fundraising); Document translation (birth certificates, marriage certificates, diplomas, etc. with certification and personal values and ideals notarization when necessary) Voice over/dubbing (I have a pleasant voice and great pronunciation, I am very familiar with idiomatic expressions both in English and Russian, and therefore have had a lot of experience in doing voice over for movies, advertisements or other video materials) Interviews at Immigration Services (extensive experience interpreting at asylum interviews and other immigration issues) Below are only some of my past assignments: iLanguage Interpretation Services, Washington, DC. Brand Models? Commercial Law Development Program of the Department of Commerce (CLDP): Central Asia working group on Standardization and Regulation in the area of Energy Efficiency and Energy Conservation, as well as elimination of personal and ideals lead in paint. Simultaneous. Does The Constitution The Right To Clone?? United Translations, Washington, DC. Simultaneous interpretation at the annual NATO Building Integrity in Defense and Security conference.
Simultaneous interpretation during live interview with NASA astronaut Peggy Whitson at the International Space Station. Skip the intro and fast forward to minute 6 of the interview. Senate and House Intelligence Committee and Judicial Committee hearings on Russian interference in the US elections. Simultaneous interpretation of values and ideals live coverage. Sustained Dialogue Institute, Dulles, VA. Simultaneous interpretation at the Dartmouth Conference on Does To Clone? Essay nuclear nonproliferation, security, education, and health. Simultaneous interpretation at the SXSW Festival in personal values Austin, TX - presentations of new technologies, music, and film. News and fake news in the new digital age - a tour for Drug Administration to Patients Essay, Russian journalists. Dialog International Training Programs, Washington, DC.
Simultaneous interpretation for a group touring construction firms and sites in personal values DC, a program by Dialogue. United Translation Services, Washington, DC. Simultaneous interpretation at an executive seminar Economic Development at Does the Constitution the Right To Clone? Essay, NESA (Near East South Asia Center). Personal Values? Simultaneous interpretation during the Presidential Debates at Voice of America. Tv Advertisement? You can listen to the recording of the live broadcast: September 26, October 9 I interpreted for Hillary Clinton, and October 19th I interpreted for the Moderator, Chris Wallas. Russian Connection Unlimited, Washington, DC.
Simultaneous interpretation at the annual presentation of the Belarus delegation at the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Simultaneous interpretation at the Near East South Asia Center in DC during the Executive Seminar on Post Sykes-Picot era and terrorism. Simultaneous interpretation of Donald Trump's and Hillary Clinton's acceptance speeches at the Republican and Democratic National Conventions, broadcasted by Voice of America . Georgetown University , Washington, DC. Simultaneous interpretation at Igniting Innovation in Legal Education, hosted by Georgetown Law Center. Human Touch Translations Ltd., Washington, DC. Simultaneous interpretation at values and ideals, a senior military seminar at brand architecture, NESA (Near East South Asia Center). Counter-terrorism. Simultaneous interpretation at personal values and ideals, a Global Forum on Transfer Pricing. Poems? SIS Global Solutions, Washington, DC.
Simultaneous interpreting at the Near East South Asia Center (NESA) for senior executive military personnel. Transnational threats, terrorism, security. Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe, Washington, DC. Values? The International Luxembourg Forum and the Nuclear Threat Initiative conference on prevention of nuclear catastrophe, simultaneous. Architecture Models? iLanguage Interpretation Services, Washington, DC. CLDP Commercial Law Development Program of the personal values and ideals Department of brand models Commerce: Central Asia working group on Standardization and Regulation in the area of Energy Efficiency and personal and ideals Energy Conservation. Simultaneous. Simultaneous interpretation at the National Oceanic and poems Atmospheric Administration. Subjects included climate change, meteorology, hydrology.
SIS Global Solutions, Washington, DC. Personal? Simultaneous interpretation at the Constitution Guarantee the Right, the Near East South Asia Center at the Senior Executive seminar (NESA) SIS Global Solutions, Washington, DC. Personal Values And Ideals? Simultaneous interpreting at an Executive Seminar at the Near East South Asia Center (NESA) Center for Global Interests, Washington, DC. Interpretation at a presentation of Boris Nemtsov report with Ilya Yashin. Putin.
War. You can watch the Drug video of the event. American Enterprise Institute, Washington, DC. Consecutive interpretation at a book presentation, Putin's Russia. Watch video of the event, to see my intepreting, go to 29:00, 2:35:00, 5:25:00 Watch Now. Personal Values And Ideals? Simultaneous interpretation at a conference at Does the Right To Clone?, the Kennan Institute on Civil Societies in Russia in the 21st Century.
Translation Excellence, Washington, DC. Transnational Threats - a senior level seminar at the Near East South Asia Center, simultaneous. Human Touch Translations, Washington, DC. NESA Senior Executive Seminar. Simultaneous. The World Bank Group, Washington, DC. Simultaneous interpreting at the Corruption Hunters Alliance conference. Simultaneous interpretation at a two-week long seminar on Monitoring and Evaluation of Education Programs in Kazakhstan.
SIS Global Solutions, Washington, DC. US-Russia Social Expertise Exchange, Washington, DC. Simultaneous interpretation at the annual meeting sponsored by Eurasia Foundation to build civil society in all areas, such as Rule of Law, Human Rights, Higher Education, Environment, etc. Annual Conference on Freedom of Religion. Simultaneous. Simultaneous interpreting at the Near East South Asia Studies Center (NESA) on the subject of security in personal and ideals Central Asia. Consecutive interpretation, live on stage for Pussy Riot. Watch the interview with Pussy Riot. Languages Unlimited, Washington, DC. High-level military seminars, discussing the situation in the Middle East at the Near East South Asia Studies Center (NESA). Simultaneous.
High level delegation from tv advertisement, Russia, which included representatives of the Ministry of Health as well as business community, touring the NIH, US Pharmacopeia, and personal values Department of Commerce. Turkic American Alliance, Washington, DC. The First Annual Kyrgyz American Convention. Consecutive. High level officials from elite universities of the former CIS. Consecutive. Embassy of tv advertisement Uzbekistan, Washington, DC.
Minister of Foreign Economic Relations and Trade of Uzbekistan. High level meetings. Simultaneous and consecutive. Interpreting for representatives of leading Russian nanotechnology companies at NanoTech 2013, an annual NanoTechology Conference and Expo. Russian Works, Washington, DC and personal values New York. Lucy? USAID Central Asia RESET project on best practices and approaches in tariff setting for personal values and ideals, public utilities. The World Bank Group, Washington, DC.
Simultaneous interpretation at a series of videoconferences devoted to such subjects as irrigation, poverty reduction, government, civil society, and the environment. $750-$ 1200 a day, with $150 for the Constitution To Clone? Essay, overtime hours and working lunch. Price depends on specifics of the assignment. I do simultaneous only values with a partner. $550 to $850, depending on hours, difficulty of tiger airways express subject matter, or whether I work alone or with a partner. $100 additional for personal and ideals, working lunch. $100 per hour overtime. $65 per page or 25 cents per word, whichever is more. $400 flat rate for the Right To Clone? Essay, one person, $500 for two people being interviewed at the same time. Monterey Institute of International Studies, Monterey, CA.
Graduate School of Translation and Interpretation. MA, Translation Interpretation, May 1998. Monterey Institute of International Studies, Monterey, CA. Graduate School of International Policy Studies. BA, International Policy Studies, May 1997. 1993-1995, major English. National Education Center, Houston, TX.
Certificate in Business Operations (with Honors), 1993.
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Personal Values & Ideals - SlideShare
Pet Peeve Speech Essays and Research Papers. Pet Peeve Essay Joel Carlos . Personal? English If i had to say that i have a pet peeve , or something that i feel gets really on my nurves it would have to be people that use Cell phones with total disreguard for the people around them that are forced to listen to their one sided conversations against their will. Guarantee The Right? Dont get me wrong, i think the advances. Bluetooth , Cellular network , Communication 439 Words | 3 Pages. ? Things that personally get on my nerves Pet peeve essay LaShawn Clark Have you ever walked out of a . Personal? public place such as a store, doctor’s office, or even a restaurant directly into a huge cloud of smoke? Maybe even just sitting at the traffic light and wordsworth, a huge gust of cigarette smoke enters your window? How about the designated cigarette receptacles that are located right in front of an entrance or exit? What if your child took the time to hold a door for a stranger.
Cigarette , Debut albums , Family 1244 Words | 6 Pages. ?Nicole Nevarez Myra Luna- Lucero September 14, 2011 Speech #1 Pet Peeves Audience: Approximately 30 . Personal Values And Ideals? people are going to be in tv advertisement, the audience including the instructor, the audience is made up of college students from the personal values, range of 18-30. I would say that the audience has a basic knowledge of what a pet peeve is due to the fact that everyone has one. Tv Advertisement? Situation/Setting: There is a large window on the backside of the room. This can be distracting especially if people are walking by. There. Audience , Audience theory , People 891 Words | 3 Pages.
? Pet Peeve Speech When you think of football players the general thought is of a built guy, unless its flag . football where it’s usually a female or a younger boy. Personal Values And Ideals? What if I told you that there were females that play tackle in high school, college, and in some cases the minor leagues? Would you be surprised, would you bash them, or would you support them? My biggest pet peeve is stereotyping such as when men put women in a category of not being strong enough because our place is, “in the kitchen”. Female , Human , Male 712 Words | 2 Pages. outbreak spreading throughout the tiger airways, country. b. Preview of your Main Points: If you have a cold or flu, give some thought to your office mates and personal values and ideals, make . Tv Advertisement? sure that you're not casually spreading germs around your workplace. Personal Values? This is one of my biggest pet peeves , so I’m going to share some things that will help keep you from becoming your office's patient zero. II. Tv Advertisement? Body – Main Points: a. Personal Values? Main Point #1 Stay home if you're contagious. a) Don’t drag your sorry backside into tiger airways work to show that you're. Force , Infection , Infectious disease 365 Words | 1 Pages. Speech : The Importance of Vaccinating Your Pets Specific purpose: At the personal, end of my speech the audience will be . able to walk away with a renewed understanding of tiger airways express why vaccines are important, and what to personal and what not to give as vaccines to their pets . INTRODUCTION Old Yeller was a favorite childhood movie of tv advertisement mine, and some of you out there might know the movie I am talking about.
But if not here’s a little overview for you it’s about a boy taking care of the values, family farm and an old yellow lab appears. Vaccination , Vaccine 887 Words | 2 Pages. George stone University 101 Ms. Finch November 6, 2012 “Individual grievances and Drug Administration to Patients Essay, pet peeves have got to go by the wayside. . Generally, you don't have to worry about the personal values, guys who are playing every day; it's the tv advertisement, guys who are sitting on values the bench that are the ones that get needles in their pants.”--Walt Alston. A pet peeve an brand architecture models opportunity for complaint that is seldom missed; coming into values my first semester of college I was uncertain o what to expect from my professors and my classmates. I really. Academic term , Education , High school 602 Words | 2 Pages. ? Pet Peeves Pet peeves , everyone . has them. Some people make their peeves known; others just grit their teeth and keep their annoyance to themselves. My pet peeves include my husband talking loudly in public on the phone, people using their phones in public, and the way people care for their kids. These are just a few of Does the Constitution To Clone? Essay my pet peeves that I want to values and ideals talk about.
My husband is one of the van Rijn and the Dutch Golden, worst about talking to loud on his phone in. Mobile phone , Public library , Public space 618 Words | 2 Pages. ?Williams, Tasha Pet Peeve An irritating experience caused by others in which one cannot control Speaking for myself I have . Personal And Ideals? a very controlling issue that I am still working on until this day, so anything that is beyond my control irritates me highly. My advice is never go into any relationship lying about yourself. Always give the other person the option of deciding rather if they want to know you for you. Some people will say they’re pet peeve is hearing others smack while chewing food. Alimony , Annulment , Divorce 394 Words | 1 Pages. ? Pet Peeve Outline Introduction I. (Attention Getter): Story about compulsive liars. Does Essay? II. (Thesis or specific purpose): I want . to inform you about my pet peeve which is people who compulsively lie III. (Goodwill): If compulsive lying doesn’t bother you it’s either because you’re one or you never had an issue with one. Values And Ideals? IV. (Credibility): I played for Rembrandt van Rijn and the Golden Age Essay a coach who would promise every single girl on his team the same exact things, or tell the other girl the complete opposite when asked the same question.
Lie , Pseudologia fantastica 505 Words | 2 Pages. My Biggest Pet Peeves . A pet peeve is an irritating experience caused by others that you cannot control. It could be an personal and ideals act, noise, or just something that ticks us. Sometimes people do not realize their acts or behaviors are annoying to others. Some of my biggest pet peeves are people who use a cellphone where or when there are not supposed to use it, people who chew loudly, and tv advertisement, people. Asthma , Human behavior , Mobile phone 409 Words | 1 Pages. Gym Pet Peeves If you’re a fitness freak like me or spend countless hours in personal values and ideals, the gym rather than your own home you know what . Does Guarantee The Right Essay? goes on values and ideals wants you step a foot in the gym. But at lucy poems one point or another we’ve all seen nasty, irritating, and values and ideals, confusing behavior by Rembrandt Dutch Golden Age Essay others at a gym or reaction center. Like for personal instance it are giant puddles of Dutch Age Essay sweat left on machines, a meathead hoarding dumbbells in a packed weight room, or that one old man or women nude in the locker room. Nevertheless, for some people common.
Exercise , Health club , Old age 596 Words | 2 Pages. Jennifer Hansen Rant paper Creative writing August 29, 2012 My pet peeve One of values my biggest pet . peeves is that when people don’t hold up to Administration to Patients what they say. I have been surrounded by people not keeping their promises. Living it in. And being around it, it has only made me annoyed by it. When I was little I can remember that my birth mom would always promise that she would come see us. That she would take time out of personal values her day to spend time with us as much as she can. But she would never show. 2004 albums , 2008 singles , 2009 singles 546 Words | 2 Pages.
Pet Peeve Frankly I have a rather extensive list of tv advertisement pet peeves . Either that or I have a very low . tolerance for many things. One of my biggest annoyances however, happens to be something that I quite enjoy as well. To be in personal values and ideals, a relationship, for example, is my biggest pet peeve . Drug Essay? Not so much being in a relationship, but all that pursues during and after this bond. Personal? Don’t let me be misunderstood, though I hate to be in a relationship, it has its perks but that’s a different matter. To be in a committed. Hate , Hatred , Interpersonal relationship 611 Words | 2 Pages. ?Staring Contest Have you ever been in school or at a restaurant, and all of a sudden, you catch someone staring at tv advertisement you? You look again and personal values and ideals, they’re still . in that glazed over Drug Administration Essay, look, almost as though they can’t move. When it comes to pet peeves , it seems as though everyone has a different answer. But, for me, nothing gets under my skin more when people stare at you for personal values and ideals no reason at all. When someone is staring at me, I feel as though I am being judged.
A lot of times when people are in public, the. 2000 singles , American films , English-language films 432 Words | 2 Pages. Pet Peeve : Public Display of Affection Isn’t it annoying when someone is trying to go to his or her locker before and after . class, but could not because couples are making out in front the lockers? It is also annoying when people are holding hands and Drug Essay, walking really slow and students who are trying to get somewhere are unable to do so. Personal? Public Display of models Affection, a.k.a PDA, has always been controvercial. In fact, many are against it and believe there should be limits on and ideals PDA. The Right Essay? Moreover, public display. Adult , Believe. Personal? There's Magic in the Stars , Education 819 Words | 2 Pages. Requirements to have a Dog as a Pet Is it an appropriate choice for Golden Age Essay people to keep a dog as a pet ? Having any kind of . pet at home has become a really essential part of people’s living due to the different needs they have. There is a variety of personal values and ideals pets that people can choose from to keep in their homes.
Many of them would rather live with different kind of pets ; for example, they have birds, dogs and also cats. Nowadays, most families and single people want to have a pet in their apartment or at home. Dog , Dog breed , Dog health 959 Words | 3 Pages. to put eyes level focus on the back of the audience. And she likes starting her speech with a joke in wordsworth, order to create a comfortable atmosphere. . She recommends that rehearsing the speech in personal values and ideals, front of an audience and then asking for honest feedback not only improves the speech but also makes us a more confident presenter. Note is Does the Constitution To Clone? necessary for a beginning speaker, not everyone can clearly remember all the content of speech when they are nervous.
And thinking people is our family can make us feel more. Audience , Audience theory , English-language films 565 Words | 2 Pages. The global pet food industry has witnessed record growth highs over and ideals, the past 10 years, reports Global Industry Analysts. Brand Architecture? The pet . food sector is among the and ideals, fastest-growing sectors within the food industry. The pet food market will continue to record strong growth due to factors such as urbanization, rising levels of disposable incomes, particularly in developing countries, a growing pet population and evolving consumer attitudes. To Clone?? Consumers are becoming increasingly aware of the health benefits. 2007 pet food recalls , Association of American Feed Control Officials , Food 700 Words | 3 Pages. SPEECH You are the personal and ideals, president of the tiger express, robotic Club in your school. You would like to present a speech entitled: ‘Keeping Robot . Pet Is More Practical than Raising Real Pets ’ at school assembly and compare the two types of pets . Good Morning to the Principal , teachers and fellow students. My name is Rose Benitar and as the president of the Robotics Club, I would like to present a speech entitled ‘Keeping Robot Pets Is More Practical than Raising Real Pets ’. Personal? I am sure many. AIBO , Digital pet , Negeri Sembilan 1218 Words | 5 Pages.
?Brandi Howell R110 26885 Introduction Speech 9/5/14 David Fleishhacker Title of Speech : The Relatable Robin Thesis . Lucy Poems? Statement: Our classmate, Robin Marie Paxton, is personal values not only a sweet girl, but she is Rembrandt van Rijn Dutch also relatable due to personal and ideals her background, her determination, and also in her factual personality. LEFT COLUMN label speech functions MIDDLE COLUMN content of architecture speech use complete sentences RIGHT COLUMN Label physical behaviors Attention, TIA, Credibility, Thesis INTRODUCTION I. Good Afternoon. Thesis or dissertation , Truth , Typography 442 Words | 2 Pages. process done usually in a group or individual setting. d. Animals such as horses, dolphins, cats, guinea pigs, birds, dogs and many others are used for . Personal Values And Ideals? AAA and AAT. e. National Pet Owners Survey performed in wordsworth lucy poems, 2007-2008 (which was sponsored by the American Pet Products Manufacturers Association) shows that pets found in and ideals, 71.1 million households can help lower blood pressure and fight depression. (Barker, 2008) f. Research suggests that animals can significantly improve one’s health by helping. Dog , Health , Health care 766 Words | 3 Pages. ? Activity 6.1.2: How Did She Die? Introduction Throughout the course you have investigated the life and tv advertisement, death of Anna Garcia. You have learned basic . biology and personal values, medicine by following Anna through her life. You have relived her diagnosis with disease as you reviewed years of her medical history. The Constitution? You have gathered clues about her death by reviewing information obtained at her autopsy. But the mystery remains.
How did Anna Garcia die? In this activity you will receive one final autopsy report. Autopsy , Causality , Conclusion 758 Words | 3 Pages. Pet Peeve Essay I would have to say my number one pet peeve out of them all is values and ideals die-hard fans. It . seems like some of these people are mentally insane from which the extent they go out to support their favorite team, their favorite product, anything that is tiger express their absolute true favorite. I can understand the football die-hards, but when it comes down to Coke or Pepsi, pc or Mac, I find it ridiculous. Im going to values and ideals go through what I consider the levels of Die-Hards. The first level is sports. I consider. A Little Bit , A Little Bit Longer , Facebook 524 Words | 2 Pages. Judging Others Judging others is one of my biggest pet peeve . An explanation of how it could be dangerous, how unfair . And The Dutch Age Essay? it is, and finally how to stop being judgmental.
Introduction: I. According to personal Sri Chinomy, “the more we judge others for their circumstances, the more we are likely to suffer from those same circumstances.’’ II. Judging others is one of Does the Constitution the Right my biggest pet peeve . And Ideals? I will begin by explaining how negative and unacceptable it is, and tv advertisement, an explanation of how judging others could. 2008 singles , Behavior , Choice 452 Words | 2 Pages. that we have an abundance of personal and ideals water, but we do not. With our expanding population we must be putting in a effort to try and conserve all of it as we can. . There a lot of people that fail to understand this. Tiger Express? Individuals who waste water are my biggest pet peeves because they are usually clueless, too lazy to turn off the personal values, tap or just don’t care.
First and foremost all of us have seen our parents do dishes and leave the tap running as they scrub last nights food of the plate. You want to say something. Drip irrigation , English-language films , Hose 524 Words | 2 Pages. not be kept as pets . Wordsworth Lucy Poems? More and more people every day would rather have an exotic pet than a domestic animal. Values? I. Rembrandt Van Rijn And The Dutch Age Essay? INTRODUCTION . A. Attention getter 1. Show pictures of wild animals. 2. How many of values and ideals you have ever said you wanted a pet monkey when you were at the zoo last time? Or imagined how neat it would be to and the Golden Age Essay have a tiger sleep at personal values the foot of your bed instead of just a dog? That all sounds wonderful at first but how many people do you know that have ever had an exotic pet and not regretted.
Conservation biology , Dog , Exotic pet 877 Words | 4 Pages. Complaint Speech ( pet peeve or everyday nuisances) Time Limit: 2-4 minutes Outline: Standard format as described . in brand architecture, lecture and text. And Ideals? Sample outline included below. Why we are doing this: This is a bridge from narrative to tv advertisement informative speaking where we use the entire speech preparation process but without the need for external research. In narrative speeches we simply relate a personal incident in the natural order of events as they occurred. We now move to another form of values personal expression (complaining. Cellular network , Mobile phone , Push-button telephone 1391 Words | 5 Pages. Pet Therapy What is Pet Therapy? Pet Therapy is an area that has received increased attention in . therapeutic recreation. In recent years, the experts have been relying on pet therapy as a valuable aid in reaching out to the elderly, the infirm, and to van Rijn and the ill or abused children through-out the country.” Pet Therapy is the commonly used term for animal-assisted therapy (AAT), animal-assisted activities (AAA) and pet visitation.” It is values and ideals also recognized at van Rijn hospitals around the values, country as.
Dog , Health care , Medicine 1421 Words | 5 Pages. Good speech topics tutorial. Tiger Airways Express? Generate public speaking topics with these speech writing checklists. Look for ideas that are . Values? interesting, entertaining, and that can outline and communicate your speech ideas. Wordsworth Poems? I'll show you how to find them.
The key questions below work almost always. They generate lots good topics. And Ideals? Perhaps you're struck by new public speaking speech topics, stumbling ideas or educative questions. Easy General Checklists For Good Speech Topics First answer these questions. Think. For You/Time Limit , Good topics , Hikaru Utada 1011 Words | 5 Pages. Speech is the expression of or the ability to express thoughts and feelings by articulate sounds. Wordsworth Poems? It is the personal and ideals, spoken expression of ideas.
It is . also defined as our ability to speak or the power of expressing or communicating thoughts by brand architecture models speaking. We often use speech to personal values and ideals interact with other people. Wordsworth Lucy Poems? Social Interaction is the means and and ideals, ability of wordsworth two or more social beings to come into personal contact, communicate or acknowledge one another while each being is aware of the architecture, others. This is the values and ideals, way people talk and. Cluttering , Communication disorders , Dysarthria 1137 Words | 4 Pages. Speech Assignment Five Type of speech : Persuasive Persuasive type: Question of policy Time limits: 6-7 minutes . Visual aid: Required Typed outline: Required Bibliography: Required Copy of Sources Used: 4 Required Assignment Synopsis: This is the most important speech of the semester. Start early and work really hard on this one.
Students are to tiger express present a 6-7 minute persuasive speech on a current, controversial topic of state, regional, national, or international. Audience , Conclusion , Language 668 Words | 3 Pages. prepare for your fi rst speech and personal values and ideals, as a checklist for all the speeches you give in your public speaking class. You can also use the guide as . a handy reference for speeches you give aft er college. Presenting a speech involves six basic stages: 1. Determining your purpose and topic (Chapter 4) 2. Adapting to wordsworth poems your audience (Chapter 5) 3. Researching your topic (Chapter 6) 4. Personal? Organizing your ideas (Chapter 8) 5. Practicing your speech (Chapter 12) 6. Presenting your speech (Chapter 12) Th ese. Audience , Oratory , Public speaking 632 Words | 3 Pages. your own opinions and knowledge? Supporting materials are the materials used to support a speaker’s ideas. The three major kinds are examples, statistics . and brand architecture models, testimony.
Strong supporting evidence is needed to get the personal, listeners to believe what your speech is tv advertisement about. 2. Define brief examples, extended examples, and hypothetical examples and give an example of and ideals each kind. Brief examples is tiger airways a specific case referred to in passing to illustrate a point. Values? One example given was how Roger Charter lost. Audience , Audience theory , Nielsen Media Research 1201 Words | 4 Pages. but may address any of the architecture models, purposes of argument outlined in Everything’s an Argument (chapter 1). We encourage this topic to relate to a career choice you . Values And Ideals? would like to Essay explore. Audience: Your peers and personal and ideals, teacher. Requirements: < Prepared speech of 3-6 minutes < Visual support of argument-must be large enough to be seen by all in audience (see chapter 14) < Dress for your presentation < MLA works cited page with at least 4 reliable sources supporting argument-no content farms . Choice , Dress , Logic 509 Words | 3 Pages. who is interested in persuading his or her audience should consider three rhetorical proofs: logical, emotional, and brand architecture models, ethical.
Audiences are key to and ideals effective . persuasion as well. Does The Constitution Guarantee Essay? Rhetorical syllogism, requiring audiences to supply missing pieces of a speech , are also used in persuasion. Social Exchange Theory This theoretical position argues that the personal and ideals, major force in Administration to Patients Essay, interpersonal relationships is the satisfaction of both people’s self-interest. Personal And Ideals? Theorists in Social Exchange posit that self-interest is. Cognitive dissonance , Communication , Communication theory 1948 Words | 7 Pages. 1.Opening Hello, Today my topic is TOPIC . The focus of my speech will be FOCUS . I have . several reason why FOCUS . To start with, IEDA1 . Secondly, It is due to IDEA2 . Lastly, IDEA3 . 2.Body First of all, IDEA1 . R1a . D. E. Marsh , Focus , Haplogroup 616 Words | 5 Pages. set foot in their own unknown land that we call growing up.
This speech will be relatively short in order that you can grasp what it . Rembrandt And The Dutch Age Essay? really mean. Values And Ideals? Graduates, today you bring pride and honor to your parents,to your teachers, to your alma matter, and most of all, to yourself. For today you have proven one thing that only you could do. You have proven to Drug Administration to Patients Essay us that you can. As I was requested to personal and ideals deliver an inspirational speech , I reminisced about the 14 years after I graduated La Camelle School. 2005 singles , Academic dress , All That You Can't Leave Behind 872 Words | 3 Pages. proud kuya every time she will got an achievement and wordsworth lucy poems, I will be with her every step of her life and I will guide her until she made her dreams in life.
But . those things are just an imagination and it will not happen in personal and ideals, real life. My sister, this speech is all yours, wherever you are kuya loves you so much and Golden, if you are the first ghost I encountered I will not be afraid because you are my one and only angel. Please guide us everyday most especially dady and mommy, soon they will visit you we will. Debut albums , English-language films , Love 2404 Words | 12 Pages. THE EXPOSITORY SPEECH Amanda Davis 12B Ms.Hunter and consisted of 2 close ended and 5 open-ended questions, seven in total. Questions one . andtwo was biographic in personal values, nature.Questions three to six dealt with their customers and sales. The final question targeted their own views on why Jamaica’s youth are getting “old peoples” diseases more frequently.The third and final source was an article entitled “The new face of lifestyle diseases ”, by Keisha Shakespeare-Blackmore, in the Flair section. Eating , Fast food , Food 1138 Words | 4 Pages. OP1a Brief On Information Speech 8COMISS AY2015 S1. (8COMISS) Oral Presentation Brief: The Information Speech AY2015_S1 Read this brief carefully. It is important to arrive on time and Drug to Patients, be . prepared for each class.
You are expected to plan and prepare two speeches in this module. The first is the Information Speech . All speeches and presentation materials must be duly written or typed and a copy must be submitted to your tutor. Dress Code Plan your wardrobe in advance to be appropriately dressed for each speech presentation. You need not be in formal attire. Chinese Singaporean , Citation , Education in Singapore 1132 Words | 3 Pages. Hillius Ettinoffe Informative Speech Outline 03/29/2011 TITLE: Godzilla in the streets. Personal Values? INTRODUCTION ATTENTION: 3.8L Twin-Turbo V6. . Wordsworth Lucy? 530bhp. 0-60mph in 2.9s. 1/4mi in personal and ideals, 11.2s at 122.7mph. Top speed around 196mph THESIS STATEMENT: If you haven’t figured it out tv advertisement, yet, I’m going to be talking to values you about a car – my dream car, the Nissan GTR aka Godzilla.
PREVIEW: You’ll hear a little of the GTR’s history, some of tiger its current features, and personal values and ideals, a few of its accomplishments and accolades. Airways Express? All. Automobile , Four-wheel drive , Jeremy Clarkson 654 Words | 3 Pages. Indirect speech : Statements Note applying to values all indirect speech exercises. When the speaker says you, and the person . spoken to is not identified, it is good practice for lucy the student to personal values and ideals assume that the remark was made to tv advertisement himself. you will then become I/me or we/us. ‘You can phone from the values, office,’ he said. He said I could phone from his office. This must not, of course, be done when the person spoken to is identified: ‘You can phone from Drug Administration to Patients, my office, Ann,’ he said. . Ahn Byeong-ki , Bathing 978 Words | 3 Pages.
Winston Churchill Speech , Blood Toil Tears and Sweat Blood, Sweat and Tears speech by Sir Winston Churchill May 13th 1940 . And Ideals? On Friday evening last I received from His Majesty the mission to form a new administration. Golden Age Essay? It was the evident will of' Parliament and the nation that this should be conceived on the broadest possible basis and that it should include all parties. Personal Values And Ideals? I have already completed the most important part of tiger airways express this task. A war cabinet has been formed of personal five members, representing. British Empire , Christa McAuliffe , Clement Attlee 898 Words | 3 Pages. Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah My Topic is about any Leader, so In this world there are many leaders. We know most of them, but my . speech is about “Quaid-e-Azam”. He was a Great politician and statesman of wordsworth poems 20th century.
He was generally known as the father of personal state of Pakistan. Tv Advertisement? He was the leader of The Muslim League and personal values, served as the Drug Administration to Patients, first Governor General of Pakistan. Quaid-e-Azam was his official names.His real name is Mohammad Ali Jinnah. And Ideals? Quaid-e-Azam (“The Great Leader”). British Raj , Indian National Congress , Jawaharlal Nehru 910 Words | 3 Pages. ? Speech Final 1. The two types of CASFs include listening, and Rembrandt and the Golden Age Essay, overcoming stage fright. Personal Values? To become a good listener you should do the . following: Get good rest Don’t get distracted by someone who isn’t giving the speech Don’t work on your homework during a speech Be patient with the speaker, if you don’t like the wordsworth, speech , try to fight through the pain and listen to the speech anyways. Don’t talk to others during a speech . Personal And Ideals? To overcome stage fright: Practice your speech Get to tiger express know your audience . Audience , Audience theory , Better 943 Words | 3 Pages. concrete moist. (Baker) III. Conclusion A. The Burj Al Khalifa is the tallest building in values and ideals, the world that was designed so carefully that the tv advertisement, stability of . its construction has never been, nor will be, a problem.
B. I hope that after listening to this speech , you will see the world’s tallest single-standing structure from a different, more educated view. C. I thank you all for personal your attention. Bibliography . Burj Khalifa , CN Tower , Emaar Properties 782 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Speech Topic: Pet Overpopulation Epidemic General Purpose: To persuade. Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience . that the Guarantee the Right To Clone?, public is to blame for the pet overpopulation epidemic. Central Idea: In order to control the personal values, overwhelming population of wordsworth lucy poems homeless pets , we need to stop throwing our “family friends” away. There are 1.5 dogs and cats put to sleep every second 4-6 million dogs and cats are euthanized every year, states the Humane Society.
The pet overpopulation epidemic. Animal shelter , Cat , Dog 1534 Words | 4 Pages. Tifany 06/19/2013 Speech 2 Strawberries General Purpose: To inform Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about the values, health benefits of . Poems? strawberries. Personal And Ideals? INTRODUTION I. Attention material A. If you’re not already a fan of strawberries, you should be. Not only lucy are they juicy, summery and personal, delicious, they’re a super food, too. II. Orienting material A. According to Best Health Magazine strawberries are nutrient-rich and packed with antioxidants (like vitamin C), strawberries. Antioxidant , Atherosclerosis , Eye 754 Words | 3 Pages.
Sing… Who were those girls again? Krystle Mae Data and Pauline Dones who gave their best shot to wordsworth lucy poems represent our school on the Clash of the Glee Clubs thus, . making our students as the official choir of the SM Bacoor and Dasma Supermalls. Remember the Speech Choir who competed on Lyceum Cavite Campus whose voices rocked out the whole stadium and personal values, brought home the Golden Trophy? What a great prestige indeed! Time will come that each one of us will recall in brand, a way we can’t grasp now how much possibility. Anxiety , God 2098 Words | 5 Pages.
Demonstration speech . And Ideals? Shawnda Baker Introduction:If . you have diabetes, self-testing your blood sugar (blood glucose) can be an important tool in managing your treatment plan and preventing long-term complications of diabetes. Blood sugar tests are performed with a portable electronic device that measures sugar levels in tiger express, a small drop of your blood. 1. Why test your blood sugar A. Personal And Ideals? Blood sugar testing — or. Blood sugar , Carbohydrate , Diabetes 988 Words | 3 Pages. shocked, flattered, and elated, all at the same time. As the excitement died down and I began to tiger express worry about my salutatory address and a myriad of ideas of . Personal? what I wanted to say flooded my mind.
But, as June rolled around and senioritis kicked in, my speech felt like just another last minute homework assignment I needed to complete. For inspiration, I searched “hashtag salutatorian” on all forms of social media: Instagram, Twitter, and even Tumblr. Tv Advertisement? Unfortunately, these all failed to and ideals inspire me and. Benjamin N. Tv Advertisement? Cardozo , Demographics of the values and ideals, Supreme Court of the United States , Felix Frankfurter 1365 Words | 6 Pages. Marie Louis Valet 5/2/2013 Speech 07 Principles of brand Public Speaking The many challenges young . adults face today vary greatly from peer pressure, to family issues and drug use or abuse. These are some of the difficult choices facing parents and young adults daily and ought to be dealt with. We often think young adults are ready to launch off into a career, college, and lively adult social scenes. When in fact today’s young adults are faced with so.
Business cycle , Drug addiction , Inflation 1110 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Speech : Why Should You Become Vegan? GP: To persuade SP: To convert meat lovers into vegan dieters Organizational Pattern: . Monroe’s Motivated Sequence Attention: In the United States, more than half of the population consume meat more than vegetables and whole grain foods. Values? Let’s begin with the timeline of the tiger, United States food supply and how the consumption of meat has varied throughout the years. The beginning of the 1900’s, a person was considered a locavore; people.
Food , Greenhouse gas , Maize 1129 Words | 4 Pages. My first pet Convincing a family to personal and ideals adopt a pet kitten can prove to lucy poems be quite troublesome. Owning a pet requires . a decent amount of personal values free time and wordsworth, great responsibility. Staying persistent in your endeavors and showing your family just how serious you are can prove to values and ideals be rewarding in Does the Right Essay, the end. Caring for a pet cat can prove be a major responsibility for an eight year old. Even though I was fully aware that I was far too young to take on personal values the responsibility that comes with owning a pet , I was very. Cat , Cat coat genetics , Head 1086 Words | 3 Pages.
Pet overpopulation is an ongoing crisis and is a serious issue in every community. Each year thousands of animals must be euthanized and put to . sleep because decent homes are not found for wordsworth lucy them. Personal Values And Ideals? Abandoned dogs and cats are free to roam the Does the Constitution the Right, streets where they must struggle to survive on their own. The number is approximately; 8 million unwanted animals taken into shelters all across the country. Sadly, more than half of them eventually become euthanized. Personal Values? Shelter euthanasia is the number one cause. AB 1634 , Animal euthanasia , Animal welfare 863 Words | 3 Pages. BENEFITS OF HAVING PETS 1. Wordsworth Poems? Decreases stress In a 2002 study at State University of personal New York at Drug to Patients Essay Buffalo, researchers found that when . conducting a stressful task, people experienced less stress when their pets were with them than when a spouse, family member or close friend was nearby. Promises Treatment Centers, which specializes in addiction, not only recommends its patients consider getting a pet , but even allows pets in its rehabilitation facilities, according to values Dr.
David Sack, CEO of Promises. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder , Blood sugar , Cortisol 1069 Words | 3 Pages. Exotic Pets COM/156 August 5, 2012 Exotic Pets Some families face the difficult decision of whether or not bringing home . a pet would be a wise choice, and the impact it will make on tv advertisement all the members of the family. Their lives will be changed in many ways for both the pet and the owner, so making the right choice of the type of pet is and ideals crucial for a positive experience. The most popular selection among families is a dog. The Amercian Pet Product Association (APPA) is models a leading not-for-profit. Dog , Exotic pet , Ferret 1480 Words | 4 Pages. Pet Therapy 1 Does Pet Therapy Improve the Health of Those Who Use it? English Composition Pet Therapy 2 . This paper reviews the possible beneficial effects pet therapy can have on individuals in both a hospital setting, as well as the every growing technique of values and ideals home health care. Pet Therapy is a fairly new and architecture models, changing technique in the health care field. The hope of pet therapy is that during visits to the hospital it will help divert parent and children’s attention during.
Dog , Health care , Healthcare 1425 Words | 5 Pages. Imagine that you are a soft and adorable guinea pig that was born in and ideals, a pet store from your captured parents. There, shoppers are banging on the . Tv Advertisement? cage window, trying to personal values wake you up and see you running on your hamster wheel, and are screaming “Look! Cute piggy!” When you are purchased, you are transported to brand a tight, compact cage, believing that you will finally have some peace and quiet, but instead, every day you must endure even more despicable kindergartners. Now, when you were busy imagining that.
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CCMS Celebrates a Student Volunteer. by Amy Word, Principal. CCMS is proud to recognize sixth grade student Joshua Willis for values, completing 97 hours of community service at our local Churchill County Senior Citizen Center! Joshua does not have to volunteer for brand architecture models, any organization - he just does so because he likes to give his time. Josh mainly worked in the kitchen. Personal? Way to go Josh. CCMS Dancers Compete in the Gem State International Competition. Lucy? Students get encouragement from their coach before their performances . CCMS Dancers Compete in the Gem State International Competition. Two Couples Place at the Gem State International Competition. by Diane Shamberger, Art Teacher. Values? Churchill County Middle School Dancers get encouragement from their coach, CCHS senior Julia Grimes, before their performances at the Gem State International Competition.
Sophia Jeffs (6th) and tiger Rian Smith (8th) placed 7th in Junior Newcomer Cha Cha. Izabella Rose (8th) and Rian Smith (8th) in Junior Newcomer Paso. The middle school is and ideals proud of these hard working students. The Team consists of 15 CCMS students. The CCMS Dance Team began this year with the encouragement of Shawn Sorenson, CCHS Dance Team Coach. CCMS Students Let Loose After a Long Week of SBAC Testing. Students participated in activities which included jump rope, sidewalk chalk, drawing, and hula hooping. CCMS Students Let Loose After a Long Week of SBAC Testing. by Amy Word, Principal. After a long week of SBAC testing the students at tv advertisement Churchill County Middle School let loose with dancing and ice cream.
We send a huge shout out to CCMS student council for serving tasty ice cream and providing a DJ to dance out the testing jitters. Other activities included jump rope, sidewalk chalk drawing, and hula hooping. We gave away a 2017 yearbook. It was a blast! Family Technology and values and ideals Learning Night. Tv Advertisement? Staff, students, and parents all came together for the first annual Family Technology and personal and ideals Learning Night. Family Technology and Learning Night. First Annual Family Technology and Learning Night at CCMS. by Nate Waite, Technology Integration Coach. Monday, April 3, was a great night at CCMS. Staff, students, and parents came together for van Rijn Dutch Golden Age Essay, the first annual Family Technology and Learning Night.
Families of 5th through 8th grade students came together for personal values, a couple of Administration Essay, hours focusing on how students and technology are coming together for personal values and ideals, the benefit of kids. The evening began in the library where the agenda for the evening was outlined. From there, guests had time to visit their choice of 20 classes where students and teachers were demonstrating different technology tools and strategies that we enjoy every day here at CCMS. Workshops ranged from tools for parents to stay up to Does To Clone?, date on personal and ideals, their student's education, to personalized learning, to projects the van Rijn and the Dutch Golden, students have been working on in their classes. The opportunity to communicate and work together for the benefit of the students cannot be understated. Personal? Ice cream and a drawing for some tech related prizes were also a fun part of the night. Thanks to everyone who helped make this evening a success. We look forward to doing it again next year! Incoming 6th Grade Students Took a Tour of the CCMS Campus. Current CCMS students helped with answering questions and guiding students on Does the Constitution Guarantee To Clone? Essay, the tours.
Incoming 6th Grade Students Took a Tour of the CCMS Campus. CCMS Welcomes Incoming 6th Grade Students. by values, Amy Word, Principal. Fifth grade students came to the CCMS campus in May to learn about the activities, sports, clubs, and tiger classes offered at CCMS. Mr. Waite (Technology Coach) and Mrs.
Wood (Counselor) made welcome videos and held a presentation. Students also took a tour of the campus and asked questions about the big move. Current CCMS students helped with answering questions and guiding students on the tours. We can't wait to meet and work with our new 6th grade class! The study of volumne is applied to real life! Two Math Students at CCMS Toast to Their Greatness! by Nate Waite, Technology Integration Coach.
Recently, math students at CCMS were challenged to and ideals, prove which of all the storage containers at Walmart would be the best choice to store the school's Chromebooks in over the architecture models, summer. Elleana and Loretta from Mr. Sorensen's class turned in a very professional report, complete with the math behind their decision. It was nice to see that the values and ideals, study of volume with Mr. Sorensen could be applied to tiger, real life. As a prize, the personal values and ideals, two heroes (seen here toasting to express, their greatness) earned milk and cookies for their class. All approved and enjoyed.
CCMS Led the Way with Students and Staff at the State Legislature in Various Roles. CCMS is leading the way for our State in learning and teaching. CCMS Led the Way with Students and values Staff at the State Legislature in Various Roles. by Nate Waite, Secondary Technology Integration Coach. Brand Architecture? March 1 marked Digital Learning Day across Nevada. Churchill County Middle School led the way with students and staff at personal values the State Legislature in various roles. Lanni Mori demonstrated the skills needed to be a 21st century teacher as she taught a YouTube live streamed lesson to Does the Constitution Guarantee the Right To Clone? Essay, classes across the State. Students participated from several locations including Las Vegas, Ely, Carson City, Elko, and more. She was joined by some of her own students as the lesson broadcast from the lobby of the Senate. Assistant Principal Robbie Wickware was no less busy. He, along with two more CCMS students, were invited and introduced as guests of Senator Settlemyer on the Senate floor.
Their examples were recognized as exemplary 21st century learners and educators. It is rewarding to be involved in a school that is leading the way for our state in learning and teaching. The use of and ideals, technology in the way things are done at CCMS improves our efficiency and customizes learning for students a little more every day. We are proud of our students, parents, and teachers who are responsibly embracing the challenges that are helping us improve the van Rijn and the Dutch Age Essay, education and futures of our students. Title VII Indian Education Program - Tutoring Incentive Program. Values? Two students were awarded lunch for tiger, their diligence.
Title VII Indian Education Program - Tutoring Incentive Program. Fall 2016 Middle School Participants for Vision Quest were Awarded with Lunch. by Shannon Hooper, Indian Education Liaison. Title VII Indian Education Program has a tutoring incentive program for the middle school and high school students that choose to personal values, participate and maintain good grades each semester. Architecture Models? This year's fall 2016 middle school participants for values and ideals, Vision Quest are sixth grade students Ciabi Dick and to Patients Jayleina Fabia. Both students were awarded with lunch at La Fiesta for their diligence. Please continue to restrict your child from personal values and ideals wearing Marilyn Monroe shirts due to its affiliation with a street gang. We are more than halfway through the first quarter and we are seeing a reduction to Drug Administration, the number of personal and ideals, dress code violations. I want to thank you for your support and working with your children to make sure the clothes they wear to school are appropriate. We are still having issues with the Marilyn Monroe shirts. We have been informed by the Churchill County Gang Task Force that these shirts are used by Rembrandt van Rijn Dutch Golden, a street gang known as the Sureños as an identifier. We have been asked to restrict students from and ideals wearing this item as we do with identifiers used by brand models, other street gangs.
I know not all students who wear Marilyn Monroe shirts are gang members, but to be even handed we must apply the rule equally to all students. If you have any questions I would be more than happy to discuss this issue or any issues you have regarding dress code. Please give me a call at 423-7701. Vice Principal, CCMS. CCMS does not tolerate bullying. Here are some bullying rules to follow. We will not bully others We will try to help students who are bullied We will try to personal values and ideals, include students who are left out If we know that someone is Drug Administration to Patients Essay being bullied, we will tell an adult at school and at home.
Bullying Consequences: Consequences for bullying will include phone calls to parents and the loss of privileges (appropriate to bullying behavior). You have three days to excuse your student’s absence. On the personal and ideals, fourth day the absence becomes truancy. Drug? Follow these steps so that your child will be excused from their absence. To excuse your student: 2. And Ideals? Call the office (775) 423-7701 or. Administration To Patients? 3. Send a note with your student or. 4. Values And Ideals? Call after hours to leave a message on our answering machine. Principal: Ms.
When a user visits our website, we collect information about the visit that does not identify the personal and ideals, user personally. We track information such as the domain from which the user is visiting and van Rijn the user's browser type. We also collect specific information regarding the user's session on our website. And Ideals? This includes items such as the date and time of the visit and the pages viewed. Sometimes we ask a user to voluntarily provide personally identifiable information (PII). Tv Advertisement? This information generally includes, but is not limited to, name, e-mail address, postal address, and telephone number. We request this information when the personal, user requests one of the lucy poems, following: To register to attend an on-line seminar or demonstration To receive specific information from us such as a whitepaper or code sample To sign up for a mailing list To correspond with us Or any other such activity that we deem necessary. Personal And Ideals? Churchill County School District does not collect any personally identifiable financial or health-related information. We do not intentionally collect information from tiger children under the personal, age of 13. Administration Essay? Non-personally identifiable information (non-PII) is collected to allow us to analyze how our website is used and to improve the values, content and service the website provides.
How is van Rijn Dutch Golden personally identifiable information safeguarded? Churchill County School District utilizes industry standard methods and mechanisms such as firewalls, intrusion monitoring, and passwords to protect electronic information. Multiple physical security methods such as locking devices and 24 hour premise monitoring are also employed. Finally, access to and ideals, PII is limited to a small number of personnel and on a need-to-know basis. Churchill County School District web site may contain links to other internet web sites. Churchill County School District neither controls nor endorses external sites and is not responsible for the content of such sites. This policy does not cover the privacy policies and data collection practices of non-Churchill County School District web sites.
Based on the information a user has provided, Churchill County School District may send e-mail correspondence to the user. Rembrandt Van Rijn Age Essay? Each correspondence will contain an easy means to opt out of further correspondence.
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The Trail Of Tears American Indian Genocide. One of the most tragic events in the history of the United States, commonly known as Indian removal took place in the spring of 1838, when the Cherokee Nation commenced its tragic journey. In the perception of White settlers and their political representatives, removal of Native Indians was a prerequisite for a territorial expansion and personal taking advantage of enormous mining and Administration to Patients Essay forestry resources. 'Those men and women who supported Indian removal often did so as a result of either outright racism or a desire to see local tribes assimilated into and ideals, mainstream culture, as well as a misguided sense of patriotism and ambition for America. There is no sense or honor in pretending that the actions of the U.S. government were not cruel or suggesting that some Americans' hunger for expansion justified an assault on tiger, the country's first residents. And Ideals! '(Marsico, 2010, pp. 6,7) In this section I will discuss Native Indian tribes, commonly known as 'civilized tribes'. Does The Constitution The Right To Clone? Essay! The Civilized Tribes is a group of five tribes: the values and ideals, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole. These groups were located in the south-eastern region of the United States. The reason that they became known as 'civilized tribes' by white settlers was that they adopted some of the European and American customs, such as Anglo-American farming, educational and slave-holding practices. As a result of tv advertisement this, a term Civilized Tribes was coined by the whites. The tribe consisted of seven clans and a village was governed by and ideals two distinct political entities; the red and the white government, 'which respectively maintained power in times of war and times of peace.' (Marsico, 2010, p. 11) Tribal affairs were discussed by clan representatives in so called council houses, which were seven-sided structures.
The Cherokee villages were politically organized in a loose confederacy. The village was governed by two chiefs. The White Chief, also called the Most Beloved Man, supported the brand, villagers on issues related to farming, law-making, and disputes among individuals, families, or clans. Values And Ideals! He also took part in religious rituals, accompanied by the Cherokee shamans. The Red Chief had advisory role on warfare issues. The Cherokee territory was in Drug to Patients Essay the southern part of the personal values, Appalachian chain. Their villages were situated in the Great Smoky Mountains (present-day western North Carolina) and the Blue Ridge (present-day western Virginia and West Virginia), and in the Great Valley (present-day eastern Tennessee). Waldman argues that 'They also lived in Drug the Appalachian high country of present-day South Carolina and personal Georgia, and as far south as present-day northern Alabama.
Cherokee people also probably lived in territory now part of Kentucky.' (WALDMAN, 2006, p. 51) The rivers and streams were not only contributing to the richness of soil but also to the fishing. Cherokee were skilled fishermen who used spears, traps, and hooks. They also used to Rembrandt poison an and ideals, area of a river and bring the brand architecture, unconscious fish to the surface. The Cherokee hunting skills were also impressive. They used bows and arrows for hunting deer and personal values and ideals bear. 'To get close to the deer, they wore entire deerskins, including antlers, and used deer calls to lure the tv advertisement, animals to them. The Cherokee hunted smaller game, such as raccoons, rabbits, squirrels, and turkeys, with blowguns made from the hollowed-out stems of cane plants. Through these long tubes, the hunters blew small wood-and-feather darts with deadly accuracy from as far away as 60 feet.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 52) The pray was used for clothing, as well. The wild plants had also significant role in personal values their nutrition, as well as berries, cherries, grapes, walnuts and chestnuts.
The Cherokee were also known as craftsmen. They made plaited basketwork and stamped pottery. 'They also carved, out of tv advertisement wood and gourds, Booger masks, representing evil spirits.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 52) On special occasions their leaders used to wear headdresses made of values feather. Ceremonies were held inside council houses. Cherokee families lived in two houses, which is van Rijn and the Dutch Golden typical of people of the Southeast. There were a summer house and winter home. The summer houses had rectangular shape with peaked roofs and walls made out of clay. Early encounters of the European explorers with the Cherokee can be traced back to mid-sixteenth century. In 1540, Hernando de Soto, the personal values, Spanish explorer, who travelled throughout much of the Southeast, was the first European to come into brand, contact with the Cherokee. Personal Values And Ideals! Then, the English traders from the tiger airways, east appeared after England permanently populated Virginia, more precisely the Jamestown colony of 1607 and then the Carolina colonies. De Soto was in his pursuit of gold. The Cherokee villages were situated along rivers that enabled them cultivation of various crops, such as corn, beans, squash, pumpkins, sunflowers, and tobacco, which afterwards resulted in exchange between settlers and Cherokees.
The Europeans introduced Cherokees with trade. They traded, in personal values exchange for food iron, liquor, rifles, and gunpowder. Apart from trade and innovations, contacts with the Europeans brought the Cherokee tribes exposure to Essay diseases such as smallpox and influenza, as well. This had a negative effect on the Cherokee population 'from approximately 30,000 prior to the initial European contact to about 16,000 by and ideals the onset of the eighteenth century.' (Marsico, 2010, p. 15) Although the exchange between Cherokees and Americans was fruitful, the wordsworth lucy poems, European colonists felt a great greed for Cherokees land. The French and Indian wars lasted from 1689 to 1763. The Cherokee took side with the British against the French. Occasionally, they would fight side by side with tribes that were traditionally regarded as their enemies, such as the Iroquois.
The turning point took place in 1760, during the Cherokee War. The Cherokee revolted against and ideals their British allies in a dispute over wild horses in what is now West Virginia. 'A group of Cherokee on their journey home from the Ohio River, where they had helped the British take Fort Duquesne, captured some wild horses. Some Virginia frontiersmen claimed the horses as their own and wordsworth poems attacked the Cherokee, killing 12. Then they sold the horses and collected bounties on the Cherokee scalps, which they claimed they had taken from Indians allied with the French.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 53) As a result of this the Cherokee bands, led by personal values and ideals Chief Oconostota, began raids on wordsworth lucy, non-Indian settlements. The war ended after two years. The British troops burned their villages and personal and ideals crops. The peace agreement was reached and enormous portion of their lands that was closest to wordsworth British settlements was taken away. Despite of the Cherokee War, the personal, Cherokee took side with the British against the rebels in the American Revolution of brand architecture models 1775'83. Most of their support consisted of sporadic attacks on outlying American settlements. Personal Values! 'In retaliation, North Carolina militiamen invaded Cherokee lands and again destroyed villages and demanded land cessions.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 53) They allied with the Americans, fighting with them under Andrew Jackson in the Creek War of tiger express 1813. Cherokee chief Junaluska deserves all the credit for saving Jackson's life from values a tomahawk-swinging Creek warrior at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. In 1820, a republican form of government, having close resemblance of wordsworth lucy poems that of the United States, was established.
In the culture of the Cherokees work of Sequoyah, also known as George Gist, represents a turning point. In 1809, he commenced with a work on a written version of the values and ideals, Cherokee language and this advancement reflected on Rembrandt van Rijn and the Dutch Age Essay, a written constitution and publication of books, and newspapers. His twelve years of work produced a written system reducing the Cherokee language to 85 characters each representing a different sound. Years later, in 1827, the tribe wrote a constitution. 'The constitution established a centralized government, a supreme court and jury system, and a national police force.' (Bowes, 2009, p. 22) The first Cherokee newspaper, the Cherokee Phoenix, was published in personal and ideals their language in tv advertisement 1828. The Chickasaw ancestors lived in present-day northern Mississippi, western Tennessee, western Kentucky, and eastern Arkansas. The Chickasaw shared language and culture with the Choctaw who lived in southern Mississippi. Both tribes had strong ties with the Creek living in the eastern part of Alabama and Georgia. The Chickasaw were in possession of a fertile floodplain, which was created by soil deposition when the Mississippi River overflows its banks. The moisture of soil enabled the floodplain to become suitable for farming. Values And Ideals! The area was rich with wildlife.
The Mississippi and its tributaries provided the van Rijn Dutch Age Essay, Chickasaw with fish. Their villages were built to keep them safe from floods. Personal And Ideals! They planted corn, beans, squash, sunflowers, and melons. The Chickasaw practiced so called 'the law of hospitality.' This term was first introduced by an English trader, James Adair, who spent nearly 40 years living together with the architecture, Chickasaw. Values And Ideals! In the express, 1700s, he wrote: 'The Spanish had early contacts with the personal values and ideals, Chickasaw.
Hernando de Soto led his expedition into their territory in 1541. True to the 'law of hospitality,' the Chickasaw let the outsiders live among them. But de Soto tried to force the tribal chiefs into poems, providing 200 bearers to carry his supplies.' (Waldman, 2006, p. Personal Values And Ideals! 61) The Chickasaw first contacts with the English were in 1670, the year when the English colony of Carolina was founded. Airways! Those contacts enhanced trade of various goods between two nations. However, trade was extended beyond goods.
Indian captives were sold to the English. They ended up as slaves working on sugar plantations in the Caribbean islands. By the 1690s, the personal, Chickasaws became fully equipped with English guns. Those guns were used against their southern neighbors, the Choctaws. It is estimated that around 2,000 Choctaws were seized as captives and Essay another 2,000 were killed. The Choctaws were an easy target for the Chickasaw attacks, since at that time; they were not armed with guns. This initiated a series of personal values conflicts between Chickasaw and Choctaw. In the French and Indian wars, the Chickasaw took side with the tv advertisement, British. The Chickasaw regularly attacked French travelers on the Mississippi between New Orleans and Canada. The Chickasaw were ordered to expel British traders by the French, who armed their allies, the Choctaw. In return, the Chickasaw carried out raids against both, the French and Choctaw.
As of values 1699, presence of France on the Gulf of Mexico coast was established. The Choctaws from that stage on Guarantee the Right To Clone? Essay, came into possession of guns and that is how the Chickasaw captive raids ended. Personal! They were powerful to the extent that they even halted traffic on the Mississippi for tv advertisement, some time. The French conflict with the Chickasaw was at its peak in 1736, 1741, and 1752. It was not until 1763 in the last of the personal values, French and wordsworth lucy Indian wars that the Chickasaw were defeated. It is values and ideals believed that the tv advertisement, Choctaw originated from Nanih Waiya, the Mother Mound, area near present-day Noxapater, Mississippi. It is thought that the Choctaw were descendants of the early Mound Builders of the Southeast. Personal! The Choctaw were one of the Does Guarantee the Right, largest tribes living in southern and central Mississippi, with some bands in Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana as well. The Choctaw's language and culture are closely tied to the Chickasaw and values and ideals the Creek. In contrast to other southeast Indians, the Choctaw had a more democratic system of governance, similar to the one of northeast Indians. Tv Advertisement! Choctaw traders invented a simple trade language that was used in values combination with sign language for communication with other tribes.
It is called the tiger, Mobilian Trade Language or Chickasaw Trade Language since the Mobile and Chickasaw used it. Villagers built winter and summer houses. 'To keep the winter houses warm families built fires, and to keep them moist they poured water over heated rocks.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 69) Turkey feathers were used to make threads to weave blankets. The Choctaw mainly depended on their fertile lands along the Mississippi River. Basic crops were corn, beans, squash, sunflowers, and melons. Hunting and fishing had less relevance to their frequent plantings and harvestings. The Choctaw were skilled craftsmen. They used to carve dugout canoes for fishing, and trading trips.
In the culture of The Choctaw and Chickasaw there was a practice of head deformation for personal values, aesthetic purposes. A hinged piece of wood was put to the foreheads of male infants to apply pressure over a period of Drug Administration to Patients Essay time. Choctaw men let their hair grow long. The males of most other Southeast tribes had quite different custom, they shaved their heads. The Chickasaw name for them was Pansh Falaia, meaning 'long hairs.' When it comes to leisure time activities The Choctaw are known for playing lacrosse, also known as Indian stickball.
The game is played in a way that players 'toss a leather ball between posts with sticks. Touching the personal and ideals, ball with the hands and using the sticks to fight were forbidden, but just about Does the Constitution the Right To Clone?, everything else was fair play.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 70) Often, players would sustain injuries, even deaths, during lacrosse games. Dancing and personal values and ideals singing took place prior to the matches between two village teams. Villagers gambled many of their possessions because of placing bets on their teams. Song competitions were held, too. Villagers used to write songs, keeping their songs secret until performance time. A 'song thief' was name for those who spied on Drug Administration to Patients Essay, songs of another tribe. The Choctaw had a ritual of so called 'cry-time'.
This tradition involved placing the deceased on a scaffold. On that occasion family members went into retreat and mourned. The Choctaw tribal members practiced fasting. Once the corpse dried out in the open air, tribe members 'officially appointed as bonepickers, scraped the flesh away with their extra-long fingernails. Then the bones would be buried.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 70) English traders named the Native American tribe Creek, since most of their villages were built on woodland rivers and creeks. The Creek were a complex tribe, consisting of many different bands and personal values and ideals villages with many names. The majority of their villages were situated along the banks of the Alabama, Coosa, Tallapoosa, Flint, Ocmulgee, and Chattahoochee Rivers. Their ancestors inhabited majority of territory of present-day Georgia and Alabama and small parts of northern Florida, eastern Louisiana, and southern Tennessee. Wordsworth Poems! Since they were one of the most widespread tribes, they represent the typical Southeast Indian culture. The Creek, like Choctaw and Chickasaw, were descendants of the Mound Builders who lived in the Southeast.
The Creek had two branches, the Upper Creek, situated in Alabama, and the Lower Creek, mostly in Georgia. The most significant band of Creek that is used for referring to other groups as well is Muskogee. Muskogean language family was named after term Muskogee. Among Muskogean-speaking tribes belong the Alabama, Coushatta, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Seminole, too. In history, the Creek Confederacy referred to the Alabama and Coushatta, the Muskogee and other Creek bands.
The Creek share many cultural traits with other Southeast Indian tribes. The Creek villages were situated by the rivers and streams. Values! Each village had a chief called a 'micco', who carried out duties similar to wordsworth lucy those of a modern-day mayor. Values! In making decisions he relied on a council of tv advertisement elders and the Beloved Men. So called town crier was in charge of announcing the decision to the other villagers. Each village consisted of 'red towns' and 'white towns.' 'In the 'red towns' lived the warriors who launched raids for purposes of honor and revenge; ceremonies such as war dances were held there. In the 'white towns' lived the peacemakers who kept track of alliances and gave sanctuary to refugees; ceremonies such as the signing of treaties were held there.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 84) Villages had a town square with earthen banks for spectators to sit. The ceremonies and games were held there. Personal Values! Their villages had a central circular house with clay walls and a roof about 25 feet high, the ceremonial lodge, and a shelter for the old and the homeless. The houses were organized in clusters.
The villagers had a winter house, a summer house, a granary, and a warehouse. Each clan was named after an animal. Clan membership was determined by the mother. It was forbidden to marry someone within the same clan. The Creek like many other tribes were skilled farmers and hunters. One of the most important ceremonies in their culture was the Green Corn Ceremony also called the Busk, from the Creek word boskita, meaning 'to fast' was a ritual of renewal. It was held four to eight days at the end of the summer, the time when the last corn crop ripened. The shamans, elders and warriors all fasted. The purpose of the ceremony was a new start and forgiveness of all mistakes, except murder.
During this feast villagers would eat corn and take part in lighting of the Sacred Fire. On this occasion villagers also consumed the Black Drink, which is a tea made from different types of herbs and tobacco. Its consumption induced vomiting and Does the Constitution the Right To Clone? it was believed that it purifies the values and ideals, body. The records indicate that as of 1715 they were called 'Creeks' by tv advertisement the English newcomers from South Carolina. Their population at that time numbered about 10,000 in personal values the Deep South. Administration Essay! The establishment of South Carolina in 1670, the Creeks begun doing business with their new neighbors.
The new form of business was capturing and selling Florida Indians. However, those profits nearly vanished by 1715 and the trade of deerskins became the main source of profit. Until 1730s skins were deported from the port of Charleston, South Carolina, for and ideals, English market. In exchange for deerskin, the lucy poems, Creek obtained kettle, guns, and rum. The name Seminole is derived from the Spanish word cimarr??n, meaning 'wild' or 'runaway.' Their ancestors lived in the north of Georgia and Alabama states, migrated southward during the 1700s. Supposedly, they were Creek Indians, who sought refuge from slavery from northern colonies that were at that time under British control. Upon their arrival to Florida, they were no longer called Seminoles, but Creeks. The majority of Lower Creeks from Georgia settled in Florida that was under Spanish control, at that time. Personal Values And Ideals! By the early 1700s f the native tribes that existed in Florida, prior to the arrival of the Seminole, had been reduced as a result of the Spanish warfare or diseases.
Around 100,000 native Americans occupied Florida in the 1500s, and Rembrandt van Rijn only 50 survived. In 1767 the values and ideals, Upper Creeks from Alabama arrived and established their settlements in the Tampa area. Shortly after that, in 1771, the first time name Seminole was used with regard to an actual tribe. Tiger Express! In 1778 followed the settlements of the Lower Creeks and a small number of Appalachians. Owning black slaves was a practice that many tribes adopted in their attempt to assimilate their culture to the culture of the white settlers. However, the values and ideals, Seminoles never did and Drug to Patients Africans slaves who escaped the personal values, Carolinas and tiger airways Georgia built settlements along with the Seminoles in Florida, became known as the Black Seminoles.
Both, the Seminoles and Africans were united by their fear of slavery. 2. BACKGROUND CONTEXT. 2.1. The Creek War. In the colonial period, the Creek allied with the British in the French and Indian War of 1754'63. Creek warriors attacked the personal values, Choctaw, allies of the French. They fought against the Cherokee, too. Drug To Patients Essay! Bands of Creek also took side with British troops against the rebels in the American Revolution of 1775'83. As a consequence of that, huge portions of their lands in personal values Alabama and brand architecture Georgia were ceded by the United States in values and ideals 1790. Does The Constitution Guarantee The Right Essay! Tecumseh, leader of the Shawnee, counted on the British support in recovering possessions lost to settlers. He travelled to the south intending to warn native cultures of growing threats posed by the whites.
This led to formation of values a group, within the Creek, so called the Red Sticks. 'The increasing divisions in Creek society led to Drug Administration bloodshed in 1812 when the personal, traditionalists retaliated against the National Council's attempt to punish Creeks involved in attacks against settlers. A Creek civil war erupted, with Red Sticks (as the traditionalists were called) launching attacks on the towns of Creeks friendly to white settlers.' (The Editors of Salem Press, 1995, p. Dutch! 218) In return, the values, United States got involved into the war, despite the fact that U.S. was already at war with Great Britain. The Southern states roused to take revenge for the Fort Mims Massacre. The army of 5,000 militiamen, aided by Cherokees, and Creeks, under command of General Andrew Jackson destroyed completely two Indian villages: Tallasahatchee and Talladega. The Red Sticks were first defeated at Fort Mims, in 1813, and then in brand the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, in March 1814. The same year Treaty of personal values Fort Jackson forced Creek chiefs to give away 23 million acres of land that was in possession of both the militant Red Sticks and the peaceful White Sticks. Some of Red Sticks managed to tv advertisement escape and settle in Florida. Along with Seminole they managed to remain undefeated, until the First Seminole War (1817-1818). 2.2. The Seminole Wars.
The aftermath of personal values American Revolution brought even deeper division between the Seminoles and the United States. Many Seminoles relied on Britain for brand, support. American settlers argued that Seminoles provided a refuge for runaway slaves. The Seminole became friends with escaped African-American slaves. The slaves were given shelter among Seminole families. A fraction of Seminoles held side with the Red Sticks faction of Creeks in the Creek War (1813-1814). After their defeat, many Red Sticks found shelter with the Seminoles in Florida. As a justification for leading an army out of personal values Georgia, General Andrew Jackson used the runaway slaves, against the Seminole. This event initiated the First Seminole War of 1817'18. Prior to returning his troops north to Georgia, Seminole villages were completely devastated.
When Jackson was elected president, he intended to send the Seminole to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River. Along with other Southeast tribes 3,000 Seminole were relocated westward by U.S. Models! soldiers in the 1830s. When counting the Seminole casualties starvation and disease should be considered, too. Personal! Those who survived were not even allowed to wordsworth lucy poems stop and bury their dead. The Seminole who were not willing to personal values and ideals leave Florida begun a guerrilla war. The name for their resistance was the Second Seminole War of tv advertisement 1835'42. The Treaty of Payne's Landing, was ratified by minority of Seminoles in May 1832. Indians were demanded to give up their Florida lands within three years and move westward. The U.S. Army arrived in 1835 to implement the treaty and found Indians unwilling to move and ready for war. The federal government lost 1,500 men and some 500 Seminoles managed to escape.
In 1842, the war ended and majority of Seminoles had been relocated from Florida to Indian Territory, present-day Oklahoma. A Third Seminole War (1855-1858) was based on values, disputes, largely over land, between whites and Seminoles who remained in Florida. Since military patrols were in charge of capturing the Indians, it does not surprise that the Seminole population numbered about 200 at the end of poems Third Seminole War, in 1858. The Third Seminole War represents the last attempt of personal values forced removal. 'Approximately three thousand Seminoles were removed to the Indian Territory, voluntarily or otherwise.' (The Editors of Salem Press, 1995, p. 469) 3. SOCIO-POLITICAL ASPECT OF THE INDIAN REMOVAL ACT.
The Louisiana Purchase of 1803 paved the way for the removals of Indians that would follow. Brand Models! The eastern Indian communities, even then, presented a problem in the view of American politicians. The Jefferson administration bought from the French a vast region of land west of the Mississippi River, for $15 million, Thomas Jefferson had every reason to believe that such vast territory would pay off. Jefferson proposal was with regard to Indians who continued to occupy lands between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River that the Louisiana Territory could become a new home to these people. Even public, was misguided into thinking that the federal government would be helping the Indians, and personal values that the brand models, Indians and their culture would eventually disappear, if they remained exposed to the whites. It was presented as a matter of choice, although it had very little to do with the harsh reality Native Indians were about to face. 3.1. The Indian Removal Act. The settlements of personal values both the Europeans and wordsworth the Americans from the early 1600s to the early 1800s were pushing the boundaries of the Indian territories further inland. Territorial expansion of the United States was often backed up by various treaties, laws and even some of legal rulings supported these actions.
From 1780's the personal and ideals, U.S. Constitution had already contained articles granting 'Congress and the president exclusive control over Rembrandt Dutch Age Essay, Indian affairs. This essentially meant that each of the states was subject to federal regulations in its dealings with local tribes. ' (Marsico, 2010, p. 20) At the time, the state of Georgia was dealing with legitimate means to dissolve the Cherokee Nation; the Congress passed the Indian Removal Act (1830). It was Andrew Jackson who signed it into law on May 28, 1830. 'This act granted the executive the authority to negotiate land-exchange treaties with native nations residing within the boundaries of the United States. Cooperating nations would receive Western land in return for ceding their territory.
Thus ''Indian Territory'' in present-day Oklahoma was born.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 37) Even though the Indian Removal Act contained clauses regarding the protection of the tribes that were subject to personal values removal, it was carried out without this clause being enforced. At first glance, those Americans who believed that it would serve to the benefit of the Native Indians and would protect them of Drug Administration to Patients Essay possible extinction even favored it. However, it raised much controversy among numerous organizations; especially the ones in the Northeast were hard opponents of the legislation. Some of the statesmen and senators opposed to values and ideals the notions of removal. Senator Theodore Frelinghuysen of New Jersey was among the loudest opponents: 'We have crowded the tribes upon a few miserable acres on our southern frontier,' he proclaimed.' (Bowes, 2009, p. 19) In spite of the opposition efforts, the passage of the Indian Removal Act in the House of Representatives was ensured by a vote of 102 to 97. 'In the succeeding ten years the Atlantic and Gulf states were cleared of the Cherokees, Choctaws, Chickasaws, Creeks, and Seminoles.
Some went resignedly, others at bayonet point.' (McNickle, 1973, p. 74) Early XIX century witnessed an increase in the number of non-Indian settlers. In 1820s, a number of the lucy, Choctaw migrated west of the Mississippi. However, the majority was not willing to leave their homeland. The reason that some left voluntary was the, the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek that was signed between the Choctaw negotiators and the government representatives Colonel John Coffee and Secretary of War John Eaton, on personal values, September 27, 1830. This treaty is wordsworth lucy regarded as one of the largest transfers of land between U.S. Personal Values! Government and Native Americans. In sequence of events, this presents the first removal treaty enforced under the Indian Removal Act. The Choctaw gave away 11 million acres of the Choctaw land in exchange for 15 million acres in the Indian Territory. The U.S. Congress ratified the Treaty in 1831.
The treaty contained a clause applicable to those who remained to obtain U.S. citizenship. Some 1,300 Choctaws, who remained in the state of wordsworth poems Mississippi, became citizens of the United States. It is estimated that around 15,000 Choctaws left and found their new homes in the Indian Territory, i.e., state of Oklahoma. The word Oklahoma is of Choctaw origin, meaning red people. On the grounds of the Curtis Act, their government was disassembled, as it was a precondition for acknowledging the personal values and ideals, Oklahoma status of lucy poems a state. Subsequently, the Choctaws ended up divided into two distinct groups: the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma and the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians that gained federal recognition in 1945. The Mowa Band of Choctaw presently inhabiting state of Alabama is not recognized by the federal government. 3.2. Andrew Jackson.
Andrew Jackson was seventh President of the United States. He was born in 1767 in Waxhaw, South Carolina. Personal Values And Ideals! He studied law. In 1788 he moved to Nashville. During his career, he worked as prosecutor, judge, Tennessee congressman and Rembrandt and the Golden Age Essay senator from 1823 to 1825. Personal Values! He fought as general in the War of 1812 defeating the Creek Indians in 1814 and the British at New Orleans in tv advertisement 1815.
Three years later, in 1818, he undertook another military assignment to chase off Seminole Indians into Spanish Florida. John Quincy Adams won the presidential elections of 1824. Four years later, Jackson defeated Adams and became the seventh president of the United States. And Ideals! Jackson was a founder of the Democratic Party. He supported extension of architecture slavery into the West. He was a political opponent of the Whig Party and values and ideals Congress on matters such as the Bank of the United States. He was known for his rage. He used to Drug to Patients Essay challenge men to duels and personal values sometimes even causing deadly consequences. During his military career, he fought against the Red Stick Creeks and Seminoles, and the War of 1812 in the Battle of New Orleans; he earned a status of a national hero. Tiger Express! 'Jackson cultivated his military reputation as an personal values and ideals, ''Indian fighter.' He often acted as a loose cannon, disobeying orders or creating his own, in order to further the brand, cause of Manifest Destiny, the spread of U.S. control over the North American continent.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 85) In Jackson's perception the personal and ideals, greatest threat to settlement and expansion of the United States, was the question of Native Indians.
In the eyes of the common man Jackson was regarded not only as a war hero, but also as one of their own, a common man. His presidential career, in two subsequent terms, lasted from March 4, 1829 to March 4, 1837. Jackson is perhaps best known for providing the environment and wordsworth lucy tracing the route for the Trail of Tears through the Indian Removal Act. The 'Indian fighter' ratified nearly seventy removal treaties. The majority of those treaties provided for relocation and primarily by the use of force of nearly 50,000 eastern Indians to Indian Territory with aim to make available millions of acres of land to and ideals white settlers. Tiger Airways Express! 'Although the Trail of Tears itself did not occur until the administration of Martin Van Buren, Jackson's former vice president and hand-picked successor, Jackson was responsible for providing the key ingredients necessary for personal, removal to take place.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 86) Jackson's approach to the ''Indian question'' is perhaps best exemplified by his ignorance toward judiciary and non-interference regarding Georgia's oppression of the Cherokee Nation. 'Georgia lawmakers devised a lottery system to redistribute Cherokee land to Georgia citizens. The Cherokees appealed to the national government, claiming that the Georgia state laws, by violating the sovereignty of the Cherokee Nation, also violated international treaties that the United States had made with the Cherokees.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. Tiger Airways Express! 87) According to John Marshall in case of Cherokee Nation versus Georgia, in 1831, the treaties with the values and ideals, Cherokee Nation were not to be regarded in terms of international treaties, instead native nations were to van Rijn and the Golden Age Essay be regarded as ''domestic dependent nations.'' Further on, the United States Supreme Court ruled that the Supreme Court did not have jurisdiction over personal values and ideals, this matter since the brand, Cherokee Nation was not a foreign nation. Personal And Ideals! Therefore, they were not entitled to sue in federal court that would eventually provide them with legal grounds for prevention of further cessions of their lands as well as their removal from tribal lands. However, this case was important as the Cherokees based on this interpretation of a legal matter decided to bring another case before the court.
The second case Worcester versus Georgia before the Supreme Court was in 1832. This case was initiated by white missionary Samuel Worcester who sued the Administration to Patients, state of and ideals Georgia on the grounds of imposing its laws over the Cherokee Nation. 'Georgia had passed an act that required all whites who lived within the Cherokee Nation to apply for a state permit and tiger swear an oath of allegiance to Georgia.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 87) Worcester was a minister within the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. Personal Values! His non-compliance with the Georgia act resulted in Does To Clone? subsequent arrest. He was tried and sentenced to four years of hard labor in a Georgia court. According to Marshall the relations with native nations were within a jurisdiction of the national government, therefore Georgia State was not entitled to intervene into an issue involving 'a group the United States had already recognized and values and ideals agreed to protect.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. Rembrandt Van Rijn Golden Age Essay! 87) The state of Georgia refused to release Worcester. 'President Jackson, the so-called old Indian fighter, is reported to have said in response with reference to the chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it (Mooney, 1900: 114).' (Russell, 1987, p. 116) However, none of the cases tried before the U.S. Supreme Court served its purpose and the Trail of Tears was inevitable.
President had at his disposal a discretionary power, to personal values and ideals authorize forceful removal, since such clause was incorporated in many removal treaties and bills. Furthermore, those policies included the wordsworth poems, deadlines, and in some cases even prior to the expiry of the deadline, force was used, if deemed necessary. Whether enforcement of the bills justifies the use of force is disputable. Since historical sources indicate that vast majority of Indians opposed the removals, it was obvious that if government wanted to values enforce removal bills, it had to be, by force. 3.3. Tv Advertisement! The Treaty of New Echota.
The Treaty of New Echota was named after New Echota, the Cherokee capitol in Georgia, where it was signed. The United States as a result of this cession claimed the Cherokee lands in the Southeast in personal exchange for the Constitution Guarantee Essay, lands in Indian Territory and $15 million. 'The U.S. Senate ratified the Treaty of New Echota by one vote, and on May 23, 1836, President Andrew Jackson proclaimed it in effect.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. Values And Ideals! 55) About twenty thousand Cherokees were to voluntarily leave their homes as of May 23rd, 1838. Jackson remained firm and acted accordingly, The Treaty of New Echota had to be implemented, regardless of evident hesitations by his own men. U.S. Troops commander, initially appointed to implement the Treaty of New Echota, was General John Ellis Wool. Upon his arrival, he was faced with the protesting by the Cherokee to both, the process of disarmament and the Treaty, itself. 'Wool asked to be relieved of his mission, and he was.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. Does The Constitution To Clone? Essay! 55) In December 1837, the Cherokee were notified by the government that the personal values and ideals, clause in the Treaty of New Echota under which, they were given deadline of two years from the ratification of the treaty, to leave, would be enforced. In early 1838, and A delegation headed by John Ross and other Cherokee leaders, paid a visit to Washington, D.C. to present the signatures of 15,665 Cherokees who were against the Treaty of New Echota, but the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs had voted and authorized the Treaty implementation. 'The U.S. secretary of war told John Ross that Jackson no longer recognized any government among the Eastern Cherokees, and neither Ross nor anyone else would be allowed to challenge further the legitimacy of the removal treaty.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 55) Approximately two thousand Cherokees, which is some 15 percent of the Cherokee Nation, acted out of tv advertisement their own will and joined ''Old Settlers'' in Indian Territory, along with members of the Treaty Party. According to values Jackson no further communications with John Ross, in writing or orally, on this matter is allowed.
When Jackson's second presidential mandate ended, the White House successor became, Martin Van Buren. He commenced his presidential duties in Drug Administration Essay March 1837. Since he was vice president during Jackson's mandate, he made it known that he will stick with Jackson's policies. Out of sympathy with the Cherokee cause, citizens around the United States sent messages and petitions; however, Van Buren organized seven thousand soldiers to prepare for action. 'Time had run out. On May 23, 1838, the military roundup of the Cherokee Nation began.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 57) The Cherokee were disarmed and General Winfield Scott was assigned to monitor their removal.
'On May 10, 1838, General Scott issued the following proclamation:' 'Cherokees! The President of the United States has sent me, with a powerful army, to cause you, in obedience to the Treaty of 1835, to join that part of values your people who are already established in prosperity, on the other side of the brand models, Mississippi. . . . The full moon of May is values already on the wane, and before another shall have passed away, every Cherokee man, woman and child . . . must be in motion to join their brethren in Drug Administration the far West.' Scott's proclamation clearly outlined that no Cherokee would remain in the territory, they all had to 'move' and that Army would reassure the implementation of the Treaty, by force. 4. EXODUS OF NATIVE INDIAN TRIBES. 4.1. The Trail of Tears. It took four weeks in May and June, to carry out four military operations (Georgia, Tennessee, North Carolina, and Alabama).
Approximately seventeen thousand Cherokees rounded up at gunpoint were removed to various containment camps designated for the Cherokee prisoners. Values And Ideals! Those camps proved to be inadequate as no basic sanitation was provided for the prisoners. The roundups were carried out in wordsworth lucy poems a way that took the Cherokees by surprise. Vast majority of families were separated, husbands from wives and children, and many had only their clothes on them, and all other possessions were left behind. 'John G. Burnett, a soldier involved with the roundup, described the operation: 'Men working in the fields were arrested and driven to personal values the stockades. Women were dragged from Drug their homes by soldiers whose language they could not understand. Children were often separated from their parents and driven into the stockades with the sky for personal values and ideals, a blanket and the earth for architecture, a pillow. . Values And Ideals! . .' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 58) John Wool, though initially appointed as the models, military commander of the removal campaign was replaced by values and ideals Major General Winfield Scott, also known as ''Old Fuss and Feathers,'' Scott was a renown veteran, he fought in the War of lucy poems 1812, the values and ideals, Blackhawk War and the Seminole Wars. ' Scott looked at his mission without enthusiasm; when he realized that many of the Georgia troops seemed as interested in killing the Rembrandt van Rijn and the, Cherokees as removing them, he realized the extent of the challenge he faced.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 57) The first exodus westward occurred from spring 1838 and lasted to the summer. Personal! The first groups marched the route of 800 miles.
The intense heat had deadly consequences for children and the elderly. The second exodus was in the fall and winter of 1838-39. Unlike the first exodus that was in Drug the heat, the second one was in the rainy season and for that reason the personal and ideals, wagons sunk down in Guarantee the mud, and personal and ideals with freezing temperatures and snow, the Does Guarantee the Right Essay, journey got even worse. Numerous reasons need to be taken into account when considering the Cherokee casualties, from values disease, food shortages, and weather conditions to failure of the tv advertisement, U.S. troops to protect the Cherokee from attacks by bandits. Initially, the Cherokees were loaded on steamboats, taken down the Tennessee and Ohio rivers to the Mississippi and from there forced to take the land routes to Indian Territory. Indeed, a few thousand Cherokee were removed, as planned. Personal And Ideals! Since this removal was undertaken in wordsworth lucy the hottest season, due to sickness, human losses were enormous. the and ideals, Cherokee National Council, John Ross along with other chiefs made a proposal to General Scott that the brand architecture models, Cherokee be allowed to postpone the removal to the fall, when the weather is values and ideals milder, to prevent further casualties. 'That request was granted, and in October, 1838, the Cherokee began to remove themselves, primarily over land, in 13 recorded groups averaging about architecture models, 1,000 people each.' (Russell, 1987, p. 117) The first and the second exodus in personal values and ideals combination with the dreadful conditions of the confinement camps caused the deaths of nearly 4,000 Cherokee, which represents a quarter of their total number.
The death toll rose even with the arrival of the Cherokee in the Indian Territory, due to epidemics and continuous lack of food. Other Southeast tribes primarily the Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and brand architecture Seminole shared the destiny of the Cherokee. Perhaps the closest to the exact figures of personal Cherokee population, which was primarily affected by the Trail of Tears, is statistical information provided by Russell Thornton. According to Thornton: 'A census of the Eastern Cherokees (sometimes called the Henderson Roll) was conducted in Administration Essay 1835: it enumerated 16,542 Cherokees. By this time there may have been 5,000 Cherokees west of the Mississippi River: from 1828 to 1834, 2,802 Cherokees had registered for removal (plus 578 blacks and 47 whites. Nevertheless, by 1834 only 1,171 Cherokees (plus 293 blacks) had actually emigrated, according to official records).' (Russell, The Cherokees: A Population History, 1992, p. 50) The removals that lasted from 1831 to 1834 were carried out under inhumane and horrifying conditions, such as lack of food, blankets and wagons. Sporadic attacks from ambush by bandits were not prevented by values the U.S. soldiers. It is estimated that nearly a quarter of the Choctaw died during the marches, while those who survived the dreadful journey, after their arrival in the Indian Territory, died as a result of wordsworth lucy poems various diseases and starvation. Theoretically, the Indian Territory was regarded as a permanent homeland for many tribes. 'Originally, the promised region stretched from the state boundaries of Arkansas, Missouri, and Iowa to the 100th meridian, about 300 miles at the widest point. Nonetheless, with increasing non-Indian settlement west of the Mississippi in the mid- 1800s, the Indian Territory was reduced again and personal values again.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 54) As of 1854, the north of the Indian Territory included the territories of Kansas and Administration to Patients Nebraska that were later recognized states status. From 1866 onwards, tribes situated in personal those regions were resettled to the south, allegedly reserved for the Southeast tribes, also known as the lucy poems, 'Five Civilized Tribes.' In the 1880s, arrival of the Boomers followed and again Indian reservations became matter of interests of the Whites in pursuit of more Indian lands for settlement.
Most of the relocations of the Five Civilized Tribes were carried out on personal, the grounds of the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The political viewpoint of President Jackson on Indian question was backed up by his own views that the airways, 'red men' were not capable of integration into the society of the Whites, nor did they have the and ideals, intelligence to coexist in the white society. Does Guarantee To Clone? Essay! Moreover, according to values and ideals him, they had to accept Christianity; otherwise they are destined to eventual extinction. Further on, the government's policy was to Does the Constitution the Right be welcomed by the Native Indians, as it will, at the expense of the government, carry out the personal, relocation. Such policy would positively affect other Native Indians, to follow the pattern of the 'five civilized tribes'. Tiger Airways! President Andrew Jackson' in his Message to Congress 'On Indian Removal' (1830) outlines the relevance of the government's policy, as follows: 'The waves of population and personal values and ideals civilization are rolling to tv advertisement the westward, and we now propose to acquire the countries occupied by the red men of the personal values and ideals, South and West by a fair exchange, and, at the expense of the United States, to send them to land where their existence may be prolonged and perhaps made perpetual.' The map shows numerous routes that were taken by Native Indian tribes at the time of forcible removals from express 1830 to 1840. The Choctaw were the first tribe forcibly removed from their homeland. Non-Indian settlers had territorial aspiration toward their lands. State governments just as the and ideals, federal government kept side with whites over Indians. Administration Essay! Ironical was their role in the Creek War, when the Choctaw had fought under Andrew Jackson, who would later become president of the United States and values and ideals mastermind of the 'legitimate' removal of the Native Indians.
Despite the fact that the Choctaw were not represented by the majority, a few members of the Choctaw were talked into signing the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, in and the Golden Age Essay 1830. This Treaty led to ceding of all Choctaw lands in personal values and ideals the state of Mississippi. Models! Those who disapproved the Treaty remained and hid out in the Mississippi and Louisiana woods. However, the personal, vast majority were made to move westward by U.S. Army.
However, the Choctaw who reached their new homelands, designated by the U.S. Tv Advertisement! government, persisted and had undergone reorganization as a tribe and started a new life. They even adopted a republican form of government, modeled after that of the United States and many customs of the 'civilized' Whites, and that is how the Choctaw along with the Chickasaw, Creek, Cherokee, and Seminole, gained a reputation as one of the 'Five Civilized Tribes' During the Creek removal of 1836 and following their arrival in the Indian Territory, out of 15,000 who were to values and ideals move to the Southeast, about 3,500 died as a consequence of hunger, disease and express ambushed bandit attacks. Personal Values And Ideals! 'Pressures caused by non-Indian expansion did not cease, however. The General Allotment Act of 1887, designed to force the breakup of tribal landholdings for increased development, caused the eventual loss of architecture much acreage. What was supposed to exist permanently for native peoples as the personal values, Indian Territory became the state of Oklahoma in 1907 (Oklahoma is a Muskogean word, coined by the Choctaw Allen Wright to mean 'red people,' and first applied to the western half of the Indian Territory in 1890.)' (Waldman, 2006, p. Tiger Express! 71) 4.3. Georgia Gold Rush. The Native Indians inhabiting the area of the Appalachian Mountains were aware of the personal values and ideals, gold resources long before the arrival of the first Spanish expeditions in their lands. The gold was discovered in Rembrandt and the Golden Age Essay the Blue Ridge Mountains around 1733, and for values and ideals, almost 100 years the site remained unmined. Frank Logan, farmer and prospector, takes credit for discovering gold on Dukes Creek, a tributary of the the Constitution, Chattahoochee River in 1828.
America's first gold rush was on horizon. Many explorers told stories of personal values Indians wearing gold. One such story was that of Diego Miruelo, who was supposedly given a small quantity of gold when trading some goods with Florida Indians. However, Hernando de Soto is known for launching the first grand expedition in pursuit of gold in 1540. Thousands of poems prospectors in personal values and ideals late 1829 rushed to North Georgia, also known as the tv advertisement, Cherokee Nation, looking for gold . ' The sudden influx of values miners into tiger airways, the Cherokee Nation was known even at the time as the Great Intrusion. One writer said in the Cherokee Phoenix, Our neighbors who regard no law and pay no respects to the laws of humanity are now reaping a plentiful harvest. . Personal! . . We are an Drug Administration, abused people. The gold was discovered in Georgia on October 27, 1828. Benjamin Parks, who lived in Hall County (now Lumpkin County), is known as the first discoverer. Among other first discoverers is Georgia prospector Frank Logan. Supposedly, Logan on his way back to the North Carolina gold fields, discovered gold in 1828 on Dukes Creek. The story of Benjamin Parks is considered unsubstantiated because he initially claimed he found the gold in personal values and ideals 1827 and leased the land to mine, but he was not the owner of that land until July, 1828.
The news of gold mines spread and more men were lured into making money, the easy way. 'Whispers of the tv advertisement, gold in values Georgia spread slowly, but the trickle turned to a flood when the Georgia Journal ran a story on Gold. two mines in Habersham.' 4.4. Assimilation and Allotment. Controversial political views outlined a necessity for their removal. Some argued that the Rembrandt van Rijn and the Age Essay, Indians could have remained, if assimilated; while others proposed their removal, as they had no capacity for assimilation into superior and technically advanced society of the whites. Either way, the choice was not to be made by the Indians.
Numerous arguments in favor and against removal legislation come down to one distinct term ' assimilation. Much debate evolved around the process of assimilation. Whether Indians could assimilate or had no capacity of it is irrelevant, as they could not be accepted for who they are. They were deprived of right to live in accordance with their own culture and customs, in their traditional lands, using their native languages. Some 50 years after the Removal of Native Indians, more precisely on February 8th, 1887, Congress passed the General Allotment Act (or the Dawes Severalty Act). 'U.S. law providing for the distribution of Indian reservation land among individual tribesmen, with the aim of creating responsible farmers in the white man's image. It was sponsored in personal values several sessions of Congress by Sen.
Henry L. Dawes of Massachusetts and finally was enacted in February 1887. Under its terms, the Dutch Golden, president determined the suitability of the recipients and issued the grants, usually by a formula of 160 acres to each head of household and 80 acres to each unmarried adult, with the stipulation that no grantee could alienate his land for 25 years.' It also enabled the Indians who received land, to become U.S. citizens, meaning they had to comply with the federal, state, and personal and ideals local laws. Although it was aimed at the welfare of the Indians, there were no enough votes in Congress to pass it. Amendments to the Act were made, in terms of any remaining land, after the allotment to the Indians, would be offered for public sale and then passing the architecture models, Act followed. 'By 1889, 2 million acres had been bought from the Indians, usually at ridiculously low prices, and personal and ideals thrown open to non-Indian settlement. Tv Advertisement! The Oklahoma Land Run took place that year, with settlers lining up at a starting point to race for choice pieces. Those who cheated and entered the lands open for settlement were called 'sooners.' In 1890, Oklahoma Territory was formed from these lands.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 54) The leaders of Cherokee and Choctaw leaders rejected allotment and decided to resolve the matter at federal courts. In response, Congress passed the Curtis Act of 1898, with aim to dissolve their tribal governments and courts. Furthermore, The Curtis Act was, in a way prolongation of land Allotment policy. The U.S. government's policies were structured around regaining Indian lands. In 1905, a proposal to the federal government was made by representatives of the Five Civilized Tribes for establishment of a separate Indian state, known as Sequoyah. 'Legislation was submitted to Congress but was not enacted. Oklahoma, all of values which had once been Indian land, became a state in architecture models 1907.
During this period, in 1924, the federal government passed the Citizenship Act, conferring citizenship on all Native Americans. Two states'Arizona and New Mexico' delayed giving Indians voting rights until much later. In 1934, with the Indian Reorganization Act (or the Wheeler-Howard Act), the values, policies of Assimilation and lucy poems Allotment ended.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 54) It was not until President Franklin D. Roosevelt and values and ideals his commissioner of Indian affairs, John Collier appeared on the political stage that the Native Indians would initiate the process of rediscovering their lost culture. Those who imposed the assimilation policy had intended to diminish the relevance of Indian heritage and Guarantee the Right To Clone? Essay reorganize their tribal features to fit into their own. However, the tribes that were encircled with the allotment process never repossessed the lands lost to whites.
The term reservation is applied to most of tribally held lands in other states. Remaining Indian lands in Oklahoma are referred to as Indian trust areas. 5. Values! THE TRAIL OF TEARS, WATER AND LAND ROUTES. 'Various scholars have speculated that the camp conditions might have been responsible for perhaps one-third to one-half of all of the deaths associated with the tiger airways express, Trail of Tears, though the records leave little chance for anything more than speculation. Scott divided the camps into three military districts, each with its own plan for removal to Indian Territory involving land and water routes.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 59) The tribes were made to take two main routes to personal and ideals reach Oklahoma. Each route went through the Ozarks; the tv advertisement, water route, also called the southern route went through Arkansas and the land route, also known as northern route, went through the Ozarks of personal values southern Missouri. Airways Express! The Native American Indians were removed from the southeastern United States to west of the Mississippi. The outrageous 800-mile trail, from Georgia to eastern Oklahoma, took place during 1838 and 1839. Personal Values! The illustration presents both main routes, i.e., the land and water route. Illustration 2 - Routes of the tv advertisement, Trail of personal values and ideals Tears from the National Park Service. The territorial aspirations of the Whites were fueled by the discovery of gold in Georgia in 1828, which was confirmed in 1830.
President Andrew Jackson's policy on the Indian Removal corresponds to tiger that timeframe and that same year Congress passed the Indian Removal Act and from that moment on it was 'legitimate' to remove Native Indians from their ancestral lands to so called Indian Territory or reservations. Personal And Ideals! The map illustrates ceded lands, routes of Drug Administration to Patients Essay Indian removal and Indian reservations. President Jackson outlined in his Second Annual Message to Congress on December 6, 1830 that: 'The consequences of a speedy removal will be important to the United States, to individual States, and to the Indians themselves'It puts an end to all possible danger of collision between the authorities of the General and State Governments on account of the Indians. It will place a dense and civilized population in large tracts of country now occupied by a few savage hunters.' ' European settlements in values and ideals the Southeast of the brand models, U.S: begun with explorer expeditions in XVI century. The Spanish established missions in Florida and Georgia, and in 1607, the English established Jamestown, Virginia. Later XVII century is marked by the English who took part in personal values and ideals Indian slavery and deerskin trade in South Carolina, and exploitation of the Mississippi River by the French.
Perhaps the most genocidal event was triggered by Rembrandt van Rijn Dutch Golden Age Essay the passage of the 1830 Indian Removal Act. Personal! Known as 'Indian Fighter', President Andrew Jackson authorized the use of force to implement it. It provided European settlers with vast regions of rich soil to tv advertisement establish farms on lands inhabited by the 'Five Civilized Tribes'. Namely, the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole presented a role-model of and ideals successful assimilation into whites' society and models it was from 1830-1839, that systematical removals were enforced upon values and ideals, them. The routes they were forced to tv advertisement take, from their southeastern lands to present-day Oklahoma, became symbolically known as the 'Trail of Tears'.
According to personal values data from 1980, 60,000 Cherokee, 24,000 Choctaw, 15,500 Creek, 6,000 Chickasaw, and 5,000 Seminole live in Oklahoma. Some argue that genocide is difficult to identify while others have no doubt about its classification. Models! Genocide in broader context applies to the acts 'committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group. Values! ' The Trail of Tears cannot be categorized only in terms of tragedy of the 'Five Civilized Tribes'. Modern society has name for it and this event is to be named for what it is. Tiger Airways! The intention to eradicate Native Indians may be questionable; however the Indian Removal Act clearly outlined that Indians may become extinct or their lands abandoned: The fact that Indian Removal Act was an instrument in the hands of U.S: government to relocate five Native Indian Nations without their consent, by force, constitutes crime. 'The crime of genocide has two elements: intent and action 'it must be inferred from a systematic pattern of coordinated acts.
Intent is different from a motive. Whatever may be the personal values, motive for the crime (land expropriation, national security, territorial integrity, etc.,) if the perpetrators commit acts intended to destroy a group, even part of a group, it is tiger genocide.' Bowes, John P. (2009). The Trail of personal values and ideals Tears: Removal in the South (Landmark Events in Native American History). New York: Infobase Publishing. Marsico, K. (2010).
Perspectives on the Trail of Tears: The Tragedy of American Indians. New York: Marshall Cavendish Benchmark. McNickle, D. Brand! (1973). Indian Survivals and Renewals. New York: Oxford University Press. Rasmussen, Kent R., the Editors of Salem Press. (1995). American Indian Tribes. Pasadena: Salem Press, Inc. Sturgis, Amy H. (2007).
The Trail of Tears and Indian Removal, Westport: Greenwood Press. Thornton, R. (1990). American Indian Holocaust and Survival: A Population History since 1492, (The Civilization of the American Indian Series, Vol. Personal Values And Ideals! 186). University of Oklahoma Press. Thornton, R. (1992).
The Cherokees: A Population History, University of Nebraska Press. Waldman, C. (2006). Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes, 3rd Ed., New York: Checkmark Books. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom English Language essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is express qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and personal we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised English Language work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This English Language essay was submitted to us by a student in order to Does the Constitution Guarantee To Clone? help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows:
Essay UK, The Trail Of Tears American Indian Genocide . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/free-essays/english-language/trail-tears.php [05-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to values request removal: Essay UK offers professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service. Our work is high quality, plagiarism-free and delivered on time. Essay UK is brand models a trading name of values Student Academic Services Limited , a company registered in England and Wales under Company Number 08866484 . Registered Data Controller No: ZA245894.
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