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award winning essay Winning Essay Examples - College Scolarship Essays. Winning Essays for test, Scholarships. (Crabial, National Merit Scholar and Fulbright) Content provided by The Argument EssayEdge's Harvard-Educated Editors. This section contains three scholarship essays: Scholarship Essay One - Crabiel Scholarship Essay Two - National Merit Scholar Scholarship Essay Three - Fulbright. Scholarship Essay One. CRABIEL SCHOLARSHIP WINNER - won $3,000 scholarship.
Like Mr. Crabiel, I literally work tirelessly in many academic and leadership roles. I sleep no more than six hours a night because of my desire to expertly meet my many commitments. Throughout my life, I have worked as long and as hard as I possibly can to factor, effect beneficial changes in both school and society. During the summer of tenth grade, I took a number theory course at Essay The Argument Johns Hopkins University with students from Alaska, California, and Bogota, Colombia. Similarly, during the summer following eleventh grade, I was one of ninety students from New Jersey selected to attend the Governor's School in the Sciences at Drew University. Factor Test? At Drew, I took courses in molecular orbital theory, special relativity, cognitive psychology, and I participated in an astrophysics research project. For my independent research project, I used a telescope to find the angular velocity of Pluto. With the angular velocity determined, I used Einstein's field equations and Kepler's laws to place an upper bound on the magnitude of the cosmological constant, which describes the curvature of space and the rate of the universe's expansion. In addition to learning science, I recently lectured physics classes on about special relativity at the request of compaction test, my physics teacher. After lecturing one class for 45 minutes, one student bought many books on both general and special relativity to read during his study hall.
Inspiring other students to contoh malaysia, search for knowledge kindles my own quest to understand the world and the people around me. As president of the National Honor Society, I tutor students with difficulties in various subject areas. In addition, I am ranked number one in my class with an SAT score of 1580 and SATII scores of 750 in math, 760 in writing, and 800 in physics. In school, I take the hardest possible courses including every AP course offered at test the high school. I am the leading member of the Math Team, the assignment pengajian malaysia Academic Team, and the Model Congress Team.
In the area of leadership, I have recently received the Rotary Youth Leadership Award from a local rotary club, have been asked to attend the National Youth Leadership Forum on Law and the Constitution in compaction test, Washington D.C., and wrote the winning essay on patriotism for South Plainfield's VFW chapter. Currently enrolled in Spanish 6,I am a member of both the Spanish Club and atmosphere literature the Spanish Honor Society. In addition, I recently was named a National Merit Scholar. Besides involvementin academic and leadership positions, I am active in athletics. For instance, I lift weights regularly. In addition, I am the captain of my school's varsity tennis team. So far this year, my individual record on the team is factor test, 3-0. Working vigorously upon being elected Student Council President, I have begun a biweekly publication of student council activities and opinions. Also, the executive board under my direction has opened the school store for the first time in Essay on Taxing Foods, nearly a decade.
With paint and wood, we turned a janitor's closet into a fantastic store. I also direct many fund raisers and charity drives. Factor? For instance, I recently organized a charity drive that netted about $1,500 for the family of Alicia Lehman, a local girl who received a heart transplant. As Student Liaison to roman, the South Plainfield Board of compaction factor test, Education, I am working to introduce more advanced-placement courses, more reading of philosophy, and Personal Trials and my Grandfather more math and science electives into the curriculum. At curriculum committee meetings, I have been effective in factor test, making Board members aware of the need for these courses. In addition, my speeches at The Argument For Nuclear Energy public Board meetings often draw widespread support, which further helps to advance my plans for enhancing the curriculum. I have also been effective as a Sunday school teacher. By helping elementary school students formulate principles and morals, I make a difference in factor, their lives every week. The value system that I hope to Essay Fatty, instill in them will last them their entire lives. I find teaching first-graders about Christ extremely rewarding. Clearly, I have devoted my life both to factor, working to better myself and to improving civilization as a whole.
Throughout the rest of my life, I hope to continue in film roman, this same manner of unselfish work. Factor? Just as freeholder Crabiel dedicates his life to public service, I commit my life to helping others and to advancing society's level of understanding. Scholarship Essay Two. WINNING NATIONAL MERIT SCHOLAR ESSAY. Nothing in all the contoh world is comparable to reading Ayn Rand beneath New York's skyline or to studying Nietzsche atop a mountain summit. Since childhood, the studies of philosophy and science have interested me profoundly. Having read many books on relativity, quantum mechanics, existentialism, religion, capitalism, democracy and post-Aristotelian philosophy, my quest for knowledge has only intensified. Certainly, the purpose of my life is to discover a greater understanding of the universe and factor its people. Specifically, I plan to better grasp the interrelationship among forces, matter, space, and time. In addition, I hope to find a unified field theory and a convincing explanation for the birth of the Personal Essay: Trials universe.
During the summer of tenth grade, I took a number theory course at Johns Hopkins University with students from Alaska, California, and Bogota, Colombia. My attendance of the New Jersey Governor's School in the Sciences is another accomplishment that exemplifies my dedication to knowledge. During the compaction summer following eleventh grade, I took courses in molecular orbital theory, special relativity, cognitive psychology, and I participated in an astrophysics research project. For my independent research project, I used a telescope to find the macbeth polanski angular velocity of Pluto. Compaction Test? With the angular velocity determined, I used Einstein's field equations and Kepler's laws to place an upper bound on Essay about the magnitude of thecosmological constant, which describes the curvature of space and the rate of the compaction factor universe's expansion. In addition to learning science, I recently lectured physics classes on special relativity at the request of For Nuclear Energy, my physics teacher. After lecturing one class for 45 minutes, one student bought many books on compaction factor test both general and special relativity to read during his study hall. Inspiring other students to search for knowledge kindles my own quest to understand the world and the people around me. Also, as president of the National Honor Society, I tutor students with difficulties in various subject areas.
Moreover, I am ranked number one in my class, and I am the herbert the collar leading member of the Math Team, the Academic Team, and factor the Model Congress Team. In the area of leadership, I have recently received the Rotary Youth Leadership Award from a local rotary club and have been asked to attend the National Youth Leadership Forum on Law and the Constitution in Washington D.C. Currently enrolled in Spanish 6,I am a member of both the Spanish Club and the collar the Spanish Honor Society. As student council president, I have begun a biweekly publication of student council activities and opinions. Also, the executive board under my direction has opened the school store for the first time in nearly a decade and is finding speakers to speak at a series of colloquia on topics ranging from physics to politics. Directing fund raisers and charity drives also consumes much of compaction factor, my time. For instance, I recently organized a charity drive that netted about $1,500 for the family of a local girl in need of Essay For Nuclear Energy, a heart transplant. Consistent with my love of freedom and my belief in democracy, which is best summarized by Hayek's Road to Serfdom, I have recently initiated an application to become the liaison to the local board of education. Also, in keeping with my belief that individuals develop strong principles and ideology, I teach Sunday school three months a year and test have chaperoned for Personal Essay: Grandfather, a local Christian school. Outside pure academics and leadership roles, I lift weights five times a week for an hour each day. In addition, I play singles for my school's varsity tennis team.
Because I find extraordinary satisfaction in nature and factor test have dedicated my life to on Taxing Fatty Foods, its understanding, I enjoy mountain climbing. Among the notable peaks I have reached are Mt. Washington, Mt Jefferson, Mt. Madison, Mt. Marcy and Mt. Katahdin. Unquestionably, my life's aim is to factor, dramatically raise the height of the mountain of knowledge so that my successors may have a more accurate view of the Personal Grandfather universe around them. Scholarship Essay Three. Factor? Fulbright Application Essay.
On one hot late-summer day when I was in high school, my parents came back from a shopping trip with a surprise present for me: the Essay The Argument Energy legendary board game, Diplomacy. At first I scoffed at such an old-fashioned game. Who would want to waste glorious sunny days moving armies around a map of factor, pre-World War I Europe, pretending to be Bismarck or Disraeli? But after playing the assignment pengajian malaysia game once, I became absolutely riveted by the nuances of statecraft, and soon began losing sleep as I tried to compaction, craft clever diplomatic gambits, hatch devious schemes, and Essay For Nuclear better understand the game's ever-changing dynamics. As my friends and I spent the factor test second half of the film roman summer absorbed by compaction test the game, my parents grinned knowingly. How could I resist being fascinated with Diplomacy, they asked me, when I incessantly read about international affairs, and liked nothing more than debating politics over dinner? How could I resist being fascinated, when I had spent most of my summers in Personal Essay: Trials and my Grandfather, Greece (and, much more briefly, France and England), witnessing first-hand the ways in factor test, which countries differ socially, culturally, and politically? Though my passion for foreign policy and international affairs undoubtedly dates back to high school, I never had the chance to fully develop this interest before college. Once I arrived at Harvard, however, I discovered that I could learn about international relations through both my academics and my extracurricular activities.
Academically, I decided to concentrate in Government, and, within Government, to take classes that elucidated the forces underlying the relations of states on the world stage. Some of the most memorable of these classes included Human Rights, in Essay on Taxing, which we discussed what role humanitarian concerns ought to play in international relations; Politics of Western Europe, in which I learned about the social, economic, and political development of five major European countries; and Causes and compaction factor Prevention of War, which focused on unearthing the roots of conflict and finding out how bloodshed could have been avoided. George? Currently, for my senior thesis, I am investigating the strange pattern of American human rights-based intervention in the post-Cold War era, and trying to determine which explanatory variables are best able to account for factor test, it. Atmosphere? Interestingly, I think that I have learned at least as much about international relations through my extracurriculars in college as I have through my classes. For the past three years, for instance, I have helped run Harvard#8217; s three Model United Nations conferences.
As a committee director at compaction factor these conferences, I researched topics of atmosphere, global importance (e.g. the violent disintegration of compaction factor test, states, weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East), wrote detailed study guides discussing these subjects, and then moderated hundreds of Personal, students as they debated the topics and strove to compaction factor test, resolve them. Fatty? Even more enriching for me than directing these committees was taking part in them myself. As a delegate at other schools#8217; conferences, I would be assigned to represent a particular country on a particular UN committee (e.g. France on the Security Council). I would then need to research my country#8217; s position on the topics to compaction factor test, be discussed, articulate my view in front of others in my committee, and convince my fellow delegates to support my position. Trying to peg down a country#8217; s elusive #8216; national interest, #8217; clashing over thorny practical and philosophical issues, making and contoh pengajian malaysia breaking alliances #8212; - Model UN was basically a simulation of how diplomacy really works.
Thankfully, I have also found time over the past few years to cultivate interests and skills unrelated to Model UN and foreign policy. Compaction? One of the most important of these has been community service. As a volunteer for Evening With Champions, an annual ice-skating exhibition held to raise money for herbert, children with cancer, and as a teacher of a weekly high school class on current events and compaction international affairs, I have, whenever possible, used my time and talents to benefit my community. Another more recent interest of mine is the fascinating realm of business. Two years ago, my father#8217; s Christmas present to me was a challenge rather than a gift: he gave me $500,but told me that I could keep it only if I invested it in the stock market #8212; - and Essay: Grandfather earned a higher rate of return than he did with another $500. Since then, I have avidly followed the stock market, and become very interested in how businesses interact and respond to strategic threats (perhaps because of the similarities between business competition and the equally cutthroat world of diplomatic realpolitik).
A final passion of mine is writing. Compaction? As the writer of Essay: Trials Grandfather, a biweekly column in compaction test, the Independent, one of Harvard#8217; s student newspapers, I find very little as satisfying as filling a blank page with words -#8212; creating from nothing an elegant opinion piece that illuminates some quirk of college life, or induces my readers to consider an issue or position that they had ignored until then. Because of my wide range of george herbert the collar, interests, I have not yet decided what career path to compaction test, follow into film roman polanski, the future. In the short run, I hope to factor, study abroad for a year, in the process immersing myself in another culture, and Personal Grandfather deepening my personal and academic understanding of international affairs. After studying abroad, my options would include working for a nonprofit organization, entering the corporate world, and attending law school.
In the compaction factor long run, I envision for myself a career straddling the highest levels of international relations, politics, and business. Contoh Malaysia? I could achieve this admittedly ambitious goal by advancing within a nonprofit group, think tank, or major international company. Perhaps most appealingly, I could also achieve this goal by entering public service and test obtaining some degree of influence over actual foreign policy decisions -#8212; that is, becoming a player myself in the real-life game of Diplomacy. Click here for the free EssayEdge admissions essay help course. Use coupon code 10010101 for 10% off EssayEdge editing.
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Oracle Applications Consultant Resume Sample. Raquel Anamaria Frame-Allen. Raquel Anamaria Frame-Allen. Senior Principal Consultant. Inversiones Frame SA, Senior Principal Consultant 10/00 - Present. Oracle Corporation, Principal Consultant, Oracle Federal Consulting 01/96 - 10/00. Computer Technologies Associates, Senior Systems Analyst, 02/95 - 01/96.
BDM Federal, Senior Systems Analyst, 06/93 - 02/95. Century Technologies, Inc., Technical Manager, 04/92 - 04/93. Booz, Allen Hamilton, Inc., Consultant, 06/91 - 03/92. Global Associates, US Army Supply Systems Analyst, 06/90 - 06/92. Computer Sciences Corporation, Senior Systems Analyst, 06/89 - 06/90. Computer Data Systems Inc., Task Leader/Senior Systems Analyst, 06/87 - 06/89. Evaluation Research Corporation, Senior Systems Analyst, 09/86 - 11/86. Yourdon, Incorporated, Consultant/Instructor, 03/86 - 09/86. Computer Sciences Corporation, Senior Systems Analyst/Programmer, 06/82 - 03/86. Senior Functional/Technical Oracle Applications Consultant with over 24 years experience in the IT industry, 15 years experience working with Oracle Designer/Developer through 10g with 8 years technical and factor test, functional experience in Personal Trials Oracle Applications, Financials (General Ledger, Accounts Payable, Accounts Receivable, Assets, Enterprise Planning and Budgeting), iProcurement/Purchasing, Project Accounting and Manufacturing implementation and customization for versions 10.7 through 11.5.10.
I have a broad background of experience to draw from for the development and implementation of IT solutions. Fluent in both Spanish, English . Oracle Applications Implementation and Customization release 10.7 through 12 working with Oracle Financials (General Ledger (GL), Accounts Payable (AP), Accounts Receivables (AR), Fixed Assets(FA)); Enterprise Asset Management (eAM), Cash Management; Order Entry (OE) and Order Management (OM) 11.5.10; Human Resource Management System (HRMS); Project Accounting Billing and Costing (PA); Inventory (INV); Manufacturing (MFG) with (WIP BOM); iProcurement/Purchasing; iStore; iPayment; Advanced Supply Chain Planning, Oracle Financial Analyzer (OFA); Self Service, Alert Manager, AOL, Oracle Portal, Oracle JDeveloper 9i, Java, Perl, HTML, XML, Oracle Designer and test, Developer (Reports, Forms, PL/SQL SQL) through versions 10g, Oracle RDBMS 5 through 10g, Oracle Application Server 9i Release 1 and 2, SQL, SQL*PLUS, SQL*Loader, Business Object, Discoverer, Toad. Other Software Products: Business Object V5.0, ER/Win, System Architect, Yourdon Analyst Toolkit, PSA/PSL, TI IEF, MS Word, MS Project, MS Excel, Power Builder V3.0, Super base 2.0, FoxPro V2.0, dBase III dBase IV, COBOL, FORTRAN, PL/1, C and C++. VAX VMS, IBM OS/2, Honeywell, GCOS, UNIX and herbert the collar, MS Windows 2000, NT etc. HP True64, Sun Sparc, IBM 370/148, HP 9000/750, DEC MicroVAX, DEC VAX, Tandem TXP, Honeywell GCOS Model 400, IBM Personal Computer and ATT 3B2. Project Management, Technical Team Leader, Design Team Leader, Hardware/Software Installation Team Leader and Client Lead Consultant. Life Cycle Expertise: IS Strategic Planning, System Architecture Planning and Design, Requirements Analysis, Data Flow Modeling, Entity Relationship Modeling, Functional Hierarchical Modeling, Logical Database Design, Physical Database Design, Application Development, Test Plans, Testing, Capacity Planning, Data Conversion, Computer Operations.
Data Warehouse Design, Designer 2000 Database Design; Application Design and Development; Application Documentation, Client/Server Architecture Application Development, Application Migration, System Installation/Conversion, Application Client Training, UNIX System Administration, Object Analysis and compaction test, Design, EDMS Data Migration. Oracle CASE*Method, James Martin Information Engineering, Yourdon Analysis and Design Methodology. Used and taught Oracle consultants and clients in Oracle Application Implementation Method (AIM) and Oracle Custom Development Methodology (CDM). Both methodologies are used to guide and speed the implementation and development of on Taxing Fatty, software within an organization. Both methodologies allow the client and consultant to document the current system and better plan the transition and new system startup. Business Object V5.0, ER/Win, System Architect, Yourdon Analyst Toolkit, PSA/PSL, TI IEF, MS Word, MS Project, MS Excel, Power Builder V3.0, Super base 2.0, FoxPro V2.0, dBase III dBase IV, COBOL, FORTRAN, PL/1, C and C++. TCP/IP, Novel Netware, Telnet, DEC Net and Electronic Data Interchange (EDI).
IFPA, SA: Senior Oracle Principal Consultant. Client: Signum Group, Atlanta, Georgia. Enterprise Asset Management (eAM), iProcurment/Purchasing , Inventory, Project Costing Technical/Functional Consultant. I am working with their clients implementing Oracle eAM along with iProcurement/Purchasing and Project Costing, Project Billing and Project Manufacturing. I configure the modules to work with eAM. I am also key for training of client personnel. Client: Barrick Gold, North American Division, Salt Lake City, Utah. iProcurment/Purchasing, Inventory, Project Costing Technical/Functional Consultant. I was a team member responsible for compaction, the setup, configuration of the Oracle iProcurement/Purchasing, Inventory, and Project Costing modules for the Pueblo Viejo Mining operations in the Dominican Republic.
The project required globalizations and localizations for the Dominican Republic and multi-currency for contoh assignment malaysia, the US Dollar, Canada Dollar and compaction test, the Dominican Peso and multi-lingual for Spanish and English. Additionally, I was responsible for Essay, the data interfaces from 3 rd party software for test, Purchasing and Project Costing. I did the implementation in Spanish and English. The implementation impacted processes such as Quote to Cash, Order to Cash and Procure to pengajian, Pay. I developed and presented labs covering those process cycles. Client: Stolt Nielson Transportation Group, Rotterdam Netherlands. HRMS Technical Consultant for compaction, the Oracle HR, Payroll, Self-Service Implementation Project for assignment pengajian, Stolt Nielson Transportation Group managed by Oracle Netherlands. I was the compaction factor test, Senior Technical Consultant implementing Oracle Alerts using Oracle Alert Manager. I applied the macbeth film polanski, globalizations and factor, localizations for The Netherlands for multi-currency and multi-lingual, English and atmosphere literature, Dutch. Responsible for loading of Employee, Address, Assignment, Absence, Salary data from the legacy system using Oracle Standard APIs.
Client: Torres Advanced Enterprise Solutions, Baghdad, Iraq. HRMS Functional Consultant for the Oracle HR, Payroll, Self-Service Implementation Project for the Ministry of Defense, Baghdad, Iraq. I managed the project developing the Project Plan, Project Scope, Implementation Configuration Setup procedures. I was responsible for compaction, the application of globalizations and localizations for Iraq both multi-currency and herbert, multi-lingual in English and Arabic. Additionally, I developed the HRMS Executive and Functional Courseware material. We implemented a standard Oracle HR, Self-Service HR and Oracle Payroll systems for the Ministry of Defense in Baghdad, Iraq. The implementation required over 100 personalization’s, loading of People, Organizations, Jobs, Positions, Absence, Payroll and other related information for over 300,000 employees, both military and factor, civilian. Client: British Petroleum Solar, Madrid, Spain.
Lead Senior Principal Consultant providing Oracle Applications Training in Oracle Financials (GL, AP, AR and FA), Order Management, Procurement, Project Accounting, and Engineering and Inventory client training for version 11.5.10. I developed courseware to film, reflect globalizations and localizations for Spain, India, The Philippines, England and the United States. Factor Test. The classes consisted of both experienced and Grandfather, novice Oracle users. The training course was developed using the labs and power point slide presentations provided by Oracle University Spain to several key BP Solar installations in Spain, India, Australia and the US. Test. Additionally, labs covered processes to include Procure to Pay, Order to Cash and Quote to Cash. Client: Oracle Corporation USA. Lead Senior Principal Consultant for Oracle Applications both technical and functional, providing iProcurment/Purchasing and Oracle Financials (GL, AP, AR and atmosphere, FA) client training for version 11.5.10. Compaction Test. Additionally, I am responsible for conducting pre-implementation, implementation and post-implementation support for Oracle CRM Modules, ERP Modules to include Order Management, iProcurement/Purchasing, Project Accounting (Costing and Billing), Collections and literature, Oracle Financials (GL, AR, AP). Client: Comverse and Oracle Israel in Tel Aviv, Israel.
Lead applications technical consultant, providing API development support for loading Supplier, Trading Community Architecture tables in Oracle Applications 11.5.10. Compaction. The support role is for the Oracle Financials module (GL, AP, AR). Client: IT Department Personnel of the Perish of Baton Rouge, Baton Rouge, LA. Lead training consultant, providing training in Oracle Forms 10g to the IT Department Personnel of the Perish of Baton Rouge. Training and providing hands on experience on a current software development project in conjunction with their learning experience. I received high evaluations and was invited back to teach Advanced Oracle Forms 10g. Client: Starbucks Coffee Company, Seattle, WA. Lead training consultant to Starbucks Coffee Company providing Order Management 11.5.10 Training to the Customer Services Representatives for Essay, the Canada and US operations in Seattle, WA.
Client: TACA Airlines, El Salvador. Lead training consultant to compaction, TACA Airlines providing Oracle Collections 11.5.10 Training to the Accounts Receivable Collections staff in San Salvador, El Salvador. The center managed collections for all Central and South American territories. Client: Mortenson Construction, Minneapolis, Minnesota. Functional Consultant with Mortenson Construction implementing Oracle Project Accounting (Costing and Essay on Taxing, Billing), Oracle iProcurement/Purchasing, Oracle Financials (General Ledger, Accounts Payable, Accounts Receivable), Oracle Assets. Oracle Projects allowed Mortenson to track costs on projects with rentals, downtime, “Owned Assets”, across the compaction factor test, board for both internal and external projects. Configured iProcurement/Purchasing to allow buyers to purchase ongoing standardized construction materials. I was responsible for the implementation of On-Line XML Catalogs. Agilysys was maintaining over $5 Million dollars in ‘Return to Vendor’ credit memos on an Excel Spreadsheets. I was tasked to build automated interfaces from their proprietary Inventory, Sales, Procurement system, PIOS to and my Grandfather, their proprietary payment receiving system, GetPaid and Oracle Accounts Payable, Receivable and General Ledger. I created an interface to load Vendors as Customers, match Vendor Invoices to compaction factor test, Credit Memos from atmosphere literature Accounts Payable, AP, to compaction factor test, Accounts Receivable, AR, to reduce vendor payments in george the collar AP and generate Customer Invoices to test, vendors in AR to interface with GetPaid.
I created Auto Invoicing and Essay: Trials, Auto lockbox processes. Client: Georgia Department of Transportation. Developed and delivered the training program of GDOT personnel using Oracle SQL, PL/SQL, Forms and Reports versions 6i and 9i using lesson material from Sideris. The classes were for the application development on both client server bases systems as well as web based systems. Compaction Test. Additionally, I trained Sideris clients in Forms, Reports, PL/SQL and contoh pengajian malaysia, SQL version 6i and 9i throughout the US. Client: United Nations Development Program, Paraguay. Project manager and compaction test, key consultant working on a 9i RDBMS and 9i AS implementation and migration contract with the United Nations and the Ministerio de Hacienda in Paraguay.
The client is currently running 2,000 forms version 3.2 and george herbert the collar, 1,000 reports version 1.1 with the test, 7.3.4 RDBMS on literature a IBM RS/6000 AIX (64 bit) machine. I implemented and factor test, configured 9i rel2 RDBMS in Real Application Cluster (RAC) configuration and 9iAS rel2 with forms, and reports 6i running web servlet. The team and I converted the forms and reports allowing government employees and Essay Fatty Foods, taxpayers in Paraguay to pay corporate taxes and factor test, receive tax reports using the web browser from any web browser on Essay on Taxing any pc. The team upgraded the compaction factor test, forms and reports to run straight 9i rel 2 on both the RAC and the 9iAS Applications Server using Single Sign On and For Nuclear Energy, Oracle Portal. Client: IFPA, Panama, Panama. Designed and implemented a Procurement, Sales, Returns, Inventory, and General Ledger system running on a NT server using Forms 6i with PL/SQL and Reports 6i using Oracle RDBMS 8i. The system is designed to accommodate a organization with multiple companies. Factor. The system is currently implemented in Panama with plans to Essay Fatty Foods, implement the system throughout Latin America. The system was developed for the Spanish market.
Client: Grupo Industrial Saltillo; Saltillo, Mexico. Developing Consolidation Sets of factor test, Books in Personal Essay: Trials Grandfather General Ledger version 11.5.6 for the Industrial Group in Saltillo, Mexico. Compaction Factor. The group has 5 subsidiary sets of books each with the assignment pengajian malaysia, same Currency, Calendar and compaction factor test, Account Segment Structure. Each subsidiary set of books has 5 to 10 companies with estimated revenues of 1 Billion US dollars. I was the key consultant developing their Consolidation System for improved financial control and reporting. Assisted in the configuration and Essay: Grandfather, installation of iProcurement with Purchasing 11i. Client: General Electric Information Services; Albany, NY. Involved with the maintenance, upgrade and compaction, support services for Oracle iProcurement, Purchasing, Workflow and language support in Spanish, Chinese, Brazilian Portuguese and English. I assist the developers of contoh malaysia, each the compaction, GE Companies in the support of Oracle Forms, Reports, PL/SQL, SQL and Workflow in addition to both technical and film roman polanski, functional support for iProcurement, Procurement and compaction, Workflow. Contoh Pengajian. I am the compaction test, key person for support of GE technical and end users in Spanish and English. Perform business analysis in functional and technical areas publishing those findings for both the technical and user communities.
Provide team mentoring, project leadership and marketing of support service to the various General Electric Companies. Client: Sybron Dental Specialties; Orange, CA. Responsible for the coordination and planning of the Essay on Taxing Foods, user training for over 700 users migrating from Oracle Applications Financials, Purchasing, Project Accounting and Manufacturing version 10.7 to factor, version 11i. Contoh Assignment. Manage and factor test, monitor the Conference Room Pilot (CRP) process for Trials Grandfather, user level software acceptance of Oracle Applications version 11i. I was responsible for user support and training for Project Accounting Costing and Billing for migration from 10.7 to 11i. Created budgets to test, control project costs and task structures to monitor project status. Created both internal (Costing) and external projects (Billing). Assigned key members and assets to projects for internal and external billing of labor and expenses. Client: Applied Ordnance Technology; Lexington Park, MD. Developed and delivered custom tailored developer training in about The Argument For Nuclear Energy Java 2, Oracle JDeveloper 9i, and XML.
I developed a training course based on the deliverables of the client working with hands-on labs. Training was delivered in two weeks. The class was small and delivered to compaction test, developers working in C++ and intranet HTML web pages. Client: Los Alamos Labs; Los Alamos, NM. Team Leader and Lead Developer for Web Based Learning Center. The system automatically used Dynamic HTML Pages. The objects were designed and generated using Oracle Designer 6i.
Oracle Portal was used to atmosphere literature, standardize the look and feel of the training system. Provided Business Analysis and Process Analysis for e-commerce using Oracle Web applications iStore 11i, iPayment 11i and compaction factor, iProcurement. The implementation required the installation of Oracle Apps 11i, GL, INV, AP, AR. Developed the web site located at http://www.vidaloha.com to market the services available through Clínica de Salud Vidaloha. Developed several applications in on Taxing Perl and Java to serve as the Common Gateway Interface (CGI) Client: Handleman Company, Detroit, Michigan. Provided Business Analysis and factor test, Process Analysis of a proprietary financial and purchasing system. Assisted Handleman Company to determine the Fatty Foods, best migration path from their current system to Oracle Applications Financials Suite and Purchasing 11i. Handleman has a manufacturing division for the manufacture and distribution of music media in the form of Tapes and CD's. Test. Assisted with the business analysis and atmosphere literature, the gap analysis for Purchasing 11i, Manufacturing 11i, Inventory 11i and Order Management 11i.
Gap analysis is where you determine the areas where the standard implemented Oracle Application does not fit the clients' requirements. Handleman Company accepted the three-year migration plan that allowed them to migrate systems during low business periods. Factor. All of my work was reported to the CIO of Handleman Company. Client: Coca Cola Panamá Cervecerias Baru Panamá S.A. Responsible for performing the migration analysis and sizing for migrating from Informax to Oracle 8i and atmosphere, the Oracle Applications 11i suite of modules. Provided business analysis and gap analysis for the client implementing Oracle Applications 11i; Financials, Purchasing, Manufacturing; Order Management and factor test, Inventory. Provided client staff training to assignment, implement and customize the various modules using Forms and Reports V6i. Coca Cola accepted my recommendation to migrate their character based Informax data base system to Oracle 8i running the full suite of Oracle Financial, Manufacturing, CRM and ERP Suites. The CRM modules include Marketing Analyzer, Sales Analyzer and iPurchasing.
All of compaction test, my work was reported to atmosphere, the CFO of both companies. Client: Sidres Consulting. Responsible for providing technical, functional and training support in Oracle Financials 11i. Wrote training documents used by Sidres Consulting to be used to factor, train their clients in Oracle Financials 11i. Client: Los Quetzals Lodge Spa. Designed and implemented the hotel reservations system on the Internet for macbeth, web based reservations. The system allows the compaction factor, hotel to generate higher revenues and attract and keep more clients by tailoring packages for each client. The system is used to contoh pengajian, form group packages for tourism in Panama. The system was built using Dreamweaver version 4.0, JDeveloper for Java, Perl, html, and compaction, xml running on an Oracle 8i database and Web Server. Oracle Federal Consulting: Principal Consultant. January 1996 to contoh assignment, October 2000.
July 2000 to compaction factor test, October 2000. Project: Oakland 2000 . Responsible for technical and functional support for Oracle Financial Systems version 10.7 to 11i upgrade for General Ledger, Cash Management, Accounts Payables and Receivables, Project Accounting, Human Resources and Payroll. Developed new reports and forms using Oracle Reports 2.5 and Oracle Forms 4.5. Responsible for development of Budget upload and download interface between third party Budget System and Oracle Project Accounting Budgets, as well as the General Ledger Budgets. Project: EFTS AMSTERDAM SUPPORT. Responsible for internal training of Oracle Staff in Amsterdam in the use of EDMS to migrate data. Feb 2000 to Apr 2000. Project: MSC /APMC FED HR/PR Implementation. Responsible for building Time Management interface using Forms to enter time into Oracle Federal HR. Development of reports was accomplished using Reports 4.5 . Jan 2000 to Feb 2000. Project: WM - NEXCOM PCMS 3 Responsible for george, the implementation of EDMS and Data warehouse Builder and demonstration of the system to navy clients for Oracle.
Design and compaction test, develop data warehouse design for Essay on Taxing Foods, Navy Retail Organization. Compaction Test. The data warehouse is being used to atmosphere literature, monitor retail sales in all Navy Retail Outlets and Organizations world-wide. Developed loading scripts and data presentation reports and screen used by the administrative staff as well as the executive staff. Project: CSES HVA PHASE II Oracle Designer 2000 Release 6.0 Evaluated the test, logical and physical database design and process model of the Michigan Child Support System after the Initial Analysis and Design phase of the project. The legacy of the system uses a data warehouse to store and retrieve information. Essay On Taxing Fatty. The evaluation of the proposed-modeled system was used to develop hardware and software recommendations and produce the cost estimates for compaction, Phase II of the project. The cost estimates were produced using the Oracle Custom Development Methodology, CDM to show time and materials required for a successful and herbert the collar, timely delivery of the proposed system. Recommended that the project use Enterprise Data Modeling System to interface external systems to the Child Support System.
Nov 1999 to Dec 1999. Project: USAID DAI CONCADE Oracle Designer 2000 Release 6.0 Develop a computer system that enabled the Bolivian Government to monitor the success of the eradication of Coca in the Champare region of Bolivia. The complete design of the system from analysis to build phase was conducted using Designer 2000 and Developer 2000. Compaction Factor Test. The system is designed in Oracle RDBMS with the malaysia, Spatial and Time series cartridge for a Geographical Information System. Compaction Factor. The system allows the user to view data such as crop productions for a specific farm or community, monitor economic growth as coca is eradicated from the region. The system is designed to provide project accounting with costing, financials, and Personal Essay: Grandfather, monitor import and test, export prices. Project: HUGHES IRM Migration of Data warehouse to atmosphere, Oracle Applications versions 11. Responsible for factor, the development of packages used by atmosphere EDMS to transfer data from Oracle Data warehouse to Oracle Applications at Hughes Aircraft. Aug 1999 to Sep 1999.
Project: CMS ENERGY/Tutor - OEPC Training Oracle Projects and General Ledger. Trained the staff of CMS Energy in Singapore to use Oracle Projects Costing Module and General Ledger with Budgets and Multiple Currency in Version 11. May 1999 to Aug 1999. Project: Implementation of Oracle Projects in factor Girasol Oracle Applications Project Costing Release 11 Implemented Oracle Applications Project Accounting, Project Costing Release 11 for Oracle Brazil at Girasol, Florianopolis, Brazil. Girasol is the The Argument Energy, major supplier of hydroelectric power for Brazil and factor, Argentina. They construct hydroelectric, nuclear, and literature, thermoelectric production plants. I implemented Project Costing and trained key users in the use and maintenance of factor, Oracle Project Costing. Nov 1998 to May 1999. Project: Internal project to implement Oracle Projects using Developer 2000- Reports 2.5 - Development of Oracle Reports, Forms for Applications 10.7 in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Provided critical support to Oracle Argentina and Oracle Mexico with implementation, customization and development of localizations of Oracle Applications 11i in HR, Project Accounting and Financials. Jul 1998 to Nov 1998. Project: BF Goodrich 10.7 Final Upgrade Conversion of Oracle Applications both Financial and Manufacturing Reports from Reports 2.0 to Reports 2.5 for B.F. Goodrich in on Taxing Fatty Foods Minneapolis, MN for Oracle Applications upgrade from factor Version 10.5 to 10.7. May 1998 to Jul 1998. Project: LM GCSS - AF-LOGMOD Support Developer 2000- Reports 2.5 - Development of Oracle Reports for U.S. Herbert. Air Force Logistics System in Montgomery, AL. Jan 1998 to compaction test, Apr 1998. Project: PANAMA CANAL-FINANCIAL Implementation Designer 2000/CDM - Development of Application Systems using Oracle Designer 2000 with CDM for the Panama Canal Commission. The applications interface with Oracle Financial Application and Panama Canal Commission Personnel/Payroll/Human Resources System. I am responsible for mentoring the development teams in building applications with Designer 2000 and managing the various projects using CDM.
Nov 1997 to Dec 1997. Project: Saudi Arabia ARAMCO Designer 2000 - Migration of reports for from IBM MVS M204 environment to Client/Server Unix platform for ARAMCO in Saudi Arabia. Migrated current functionality using Designer 2000 for 100% generation of george the collar, Reports for Oil Production. Developed critical routines for test, the Service Order Release process. Macbeth Film Roman. This is the only means that Oracle has to bill the client for factor test, work completed. I Was among the first consultants to literature, successfully take a Service Order from Acceptance to Completion. Factor. This procedure paved the way for Essay Fatty Foods, consultants working on the project to compaction factor test, bill the client for work performed.
Identified and resolved data base inconstancies and errors in reports being migrated to the new environment. Sep 1997 to Essay on Taxing Fatty, Oct 1997. Project: SPITFIRE MIGRATION Forms 2.3 to Forms 4.5, Report Writer 1.0 to compaction, Reports 2.5 Conversion for film, Patuxent Naval Air Station. Instrumental in completing the Forms and Reports conversion effort of the Navy Inventory System with the teaming of Kumaran. I was required to turn around a project that was behind schedule and exceeding cost projections. I resolved the situation by doing a strict conversion under a teaming agreement with Kumaran.
The Forms and Reports were quickly and successfully converted, installed and tested. The major interface to the system was the hand held bar code reader that was used to collect inventory data and interface to the Oracle tables. Project: BATELLE/DPS Designer 2000 100% Generation of Reports 2.5 and Forms 4.5 for Department of compaction factor test, Public Safety for the State of Ohio. My ability to generate reports and Forms with the Designer 2000 tool Suite as the Senior Consultant to Battelle allowed the client to Essay about The Argument Energy, bring their project ahead of schedule and under projected costs. I was able to transfer to factor test, the team members 'How To' knowledge the proved valuable and essential to the successful completion of the project.
May 1997 to atmosphere literature, Aug 1997. Project: CINCLANTFLT Designer 2000 Generation of Reports 2.5 for Commander in Chief Atlantic Fleet Funds Grant Project. Lead for Generation of Reports 2.5, also provided training for client staff. Mar 1997 to May 1997. Project: UNISYS/DFAS INDY DATABASE Designer 2000 Corporate Data Modeling for the Defense Finance Accounting Service ( DFAS ). Converted the Corporate data model from ER/Win Model Mart to the Oracle Designer 2000 Version 1.3.2. The model will be used to standardize the Meta data used by DFAS. I was the key member on the team that built the Entity Relationship Diagram for compaction, the corporate data model. I accomplished this by splitting the data model into manageable subject areas. The model was loaded onto a central repository in Kansas City and accessed via SQL*Net to allow Designer 2000 analysts and The Argument, functional members to work from various locations on the central repository housed on a remote sever. Trained client personnel in Designer 2000 to generate Reports 2.5, Forms 4.5 and Web server applications. Nov 1996 to test, Mar 1997.
Project: LG Electronics Oracle Manufacturing Applications Implementation for LG Electronics in Kumi, Korea as the Personal Essay: Trials, ACE Technical Team Leader I worked with the factor test, DBA, Conversion Team, Interface Team members, and Application Customization and Extension, ACE, Team members. I developed Solution Design Documents to conduct Customizations and Extensions to Oracle Applications version 10.7. I worked on the Oracle EDI Gateway interface between Oracle Applications and the EDI translator and Value Added Network, VAN, to the Supplier. Worked with Forms 4.5 to build extension applications used to track items during the george, manufacturing process. I was a key technical member of the compaction, staff for technical problems and getting problem resolutions and resource material for the consultant staff on the project.
Sep 1996 to Oct 1996. Project: Audits and Appraisals I developed reports at the Sandia Labs in Albuquerque, NM in contoh malaysia a highly visible project tracking internal audit procedures. Apr 1996 to Aug 1996. Project: FDC/BAIM/TM - Oracle Reports 2.5 Design on Baseline Advanced Industrial Management ( BAIM ), Senior Consultant to the U.S Navy responsible for delivery of applications using Developer 2000 software development suite to include Oracle*Forms 4.5 and Oracle*Reports 2.5. Develop and compaction factor test, maintain the BAIM model using Designer 2000. I was a critical developer for the Navy in the development of reports in Oracle*Reports 2.5. Computer Technologies Associates: Senior Systems Analyst.
February 1995 to January 1996. Develop reports for the Standard Army Maintenance System, SAMS , and Standard Army Ammunition System, SAAS , using Oracle Reports 2.0 and Oracle RDBMS V7.0. Using the Texas Instruments IEF CASE tool to assist in the design of the SQL statements required to run the Oracle Reports. I use Oracle Data Browser to validate the results returned by Oracle reports. Additionally, I have built the front end using Oracle Forms 4.0 to george herbert, load data for testing scenarios for Oracle Reports. Oracle Reports is test, running on a HP 9000/750 UNIX platform and SCO UNIX workstations. As Senior Member of the software fielding team I trained the site personnel in database modeling for atmosphere literature, Oracle Browser training and Oracle Reports 2.0 operations.
Additionally, I worked at the site as a UNIX Systems Administrator on the HP 9000 Model 750. BDM Federal: Senior Systems Analyst. June 1993 to February 1995. As the Senior Information Data Engineer I developed the Military Transportation Entity Relationship Diagrams using the ERWin/ERX CASE tool in accordance with IDEF1X methodology. Test. I worked closely with the military transportation user community to develop the ERD and OOP diagram.
The transportation model will be used migrate existing military transportation systems to a seamless integration of all military transportation systems. As a Task Leader on the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization, BMDO , Project I was responsible for the system migration from the Essay on Taxing Foods, current host based VAX 8820 to the client/server architecture of the DEC Alpha computer. I built the high level Entity Relationship Diagram, ERD, of all sub systems to enable the compaction factor test, software developers in systems migration and development. Atmosphere Literature. I was the lead CASE tool advisor for the software group using System Architect. I was working with team members in their training in the dev.
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The biosphere and the noosphere by W. I. Vernadsky. The following article is composed of an introductory abstract of a paper completed in 1938 **, and recently published in translation in the Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Sciences (vol. Compaction Test. 35, pp. 483-517), under the editorship of Professor G. E. Hutchinson, and a new essay, written in 1943 and translated from the Russian manuscript by Dr. George Vernadsky of Yale University. The two contributions together present the general intellectual outlook of one of the most remarkable scientific leaders of the present century. The translation of the quotation under the frontispiece (from a letter to Professor A. Petrunkevitch) is as follows: I look forward with great optimism. I think that we undergo not only an historical, but a planetary change as well.
We live in a transition to the noosphere. Cordial greetings, W. Assignment. Vernadsky — Editor. We are approaching the factor, climax in the Second World War. In Europe war was resumed in 1939 after an intermission of twenty-one years; it has lasted five years in Western Europe, and is in its third year in our parts, in macbeth film Eastern Europe. As for the Far East, the war was resumed there much earlier, in test 1931, and is already in its twelfth year. A war of such power, duration and atmosphere, strength is a phenomenon unparalleled in the history of mankind and of the biosphere at large. Moreover, it was preceded by the First World War which, although of lesser power, has a causal connection with the present war. In our country that First World War resulted in a new, historically unprecedented, form of statehood, not only in the realm of economics, but likewise in that of the test, aspirations of nationalities. From the point of view of the george, naturalist (and, I think, likewise from that of the historian) an historical phenomenon of such power may and should be examined as a part of a single great terrestrial geo logical process, and not merely as a historical process. In my own scientific work the First World War was reflected in a most decisive way.
It radically changed my geological concep tion of the world. It is in the atmosphere of that war that I have approached a conception of nature, at that time forgotten and thus new for myself and for others, a geochemical and biogeochemical conception embracing both inert and living nature from the same point of view 2 . I spent the years of the compaction factor, First World War in my uninterrupted scientific creative work, which I have so far continued steadily in the same direction. Twenty-eight years ago, in 1915, a «Commission for the Study of the Productive Forces» of our country, the so-called KEPS, was formed at the Academy of Sciences. That commission, of which I was elected president, played a noticeable role in the critical period of the First World War. Entirely unexpectedly, in the midst of the war, it became clear to For Nuclear, the Academy of Sciences that in Tsarist Russia there were no precise data concerning the now so-called strategic raw materials, and we had to collect and digest dispersed data rapidly to make up for compaction factor test, the lacunae in our knowledge 3 . Unfortunately by the time of the beginning of the Second World War, only the macbeth film roman polanski, most bureaucratic part of compaction factor test, that commission, the so-called Council of the Productive Forces, was preserved, and it became necessary to restore its other parts in a hurry. By approaching the The Argument For Nuclear Energy, study of geological phenomena from a geochemical and biogeochemical point of view, we may comprehend the whole of the circumambient nature in the same atomic aspect. Unconsciously such an approach coincides for me with what characterizes the science of the twentieth century and distinguishes it from that of past centuries. The twentieth century is the century of scientific atomism.
At that time, in 1917-1918, 1 happened to be, entirely by chance, in the Ukraine 4 , and was unable to return to Petrograd until 1921. Test. During all those years, wherever I resided, my thoughts were directed toward the geochemical and biogeochemical manifestations in the circumambient nature, the biosphere. Essay The Argument For Nuclear. While observing them, I simultaneously directed both my reading and my reflection toward this subject in an intensive and systematic way. I expounded the compaction, conclusions arrived at Essay Energy gradually, as they were formed, through lectures and reports delivered in whatever city I happened to stay, in Ialta, Poltava, Kiev, Simferopol, Novorossiisk, Rostov, and so on. Besides, in almost every city I stayed, I used to read everything available in regard to the problem in its broadest sense. I left aside as much as I could all philosophical aspirations and tried to factor, rest only on firmly established scientific and empiric facts and generalizations, occasionally allowing myself to resort to working scientific hypotheses.
Instead of the concept of «life,» I introduced that of «living matter,» which now seems to be firmly established in science. «Living matter» is the totality of living organisms. It is Essay about but a scientific empirical generalization of empirically indisputable facts known to test, all, observable easily and with precision. Essay: Trials And My. The concept of «life» always steps outside the factor, boundaries of the concept of «living matter»; it enters the realm of philosophy, folklore, religion, and the arts. All that is left outside the notion of «living matter.» In the Essay on Taxing, course of test, geological time living matter morphologically changes according to the laws of contoh pengajian malaysia, nature.
The history of living matter expresses itself as a slow modification of the forms of living organisms which genetically are uninterruptedly connected among themselves from test, generation to generation. This idea had been rising in scientific research through the Trials, ages, until, in 1859, it received a solid foundation in the great achievements of Charles Darwin (1809-1882) and Wallace (1822- 1913). It was cast in the doctrine of the compaction factor, evolution of species of plants and animals, including man. The evolutionary process is a characteristic only of living matter. There are no manifestations of it in the inert matter of george the collar, our planet. In the cryptozoic era the same minerals and rocks were being formed which are being formed now 5 . The only exceptions are the bio-inert natural bodies connected in one way or another with living matter 6 . The change in the morphological structure of compaction, living matter observed in the process of evolution unavoidably leads to a change in its chemical composition 7 . While the quantity of living matter is negligible in relation to the inert and bio-inert mass of the biosphere, the biogenic rocks constitute a large part of its mass, and go far beyond the boundaries of the biosphere. Subject to the phenomena of metamorphism, they are converted, losing all traces of macbeth polanski, life, into the granitic envelope, and are no longer part of the biosphere.
The granitic envelop of the factor test, earth is the area of pengajian malaysia, former biospheres 8 . In Lamarck’s book, «Hydroguologie» (1802), containing many remarkable ideas, living matter, as I understand it, was revealed as the compaction factor test, creator of the george, main rocks of our planet. Lamarck never accepted Lavoisier’s (1743-1794) discovery. Compaction Factor. But that other great chemist, J. B. Dumas (1800-1884), Lamarck’s younger contemporary, who did accept Lavoisier’s discovery, and who intensively studied the chemistry of living matter, likewise adhered for a long time to the notion of the quantitative importance of living matter in the structure of the rocks of the biosphere. The younger contemporaries of Essay: Grandfather, Darwin, J. D. Dana (1813-1895) and J. Le Conte (1823-1901), both great American geologists (and Dana a mineralogist and compaction, biologist as well) expounded, even prior to 1859, the empirical generalization that the evolution of liv ing matter is atmosphere literature proceeding, in compaction test a definite direction. This phenomenon was called by Dana «cephalization,» and by Le Conte the macbeth film, «psy-chozoic era.» Dana, like Darwin, adopted this idea at the time of his journey around the world, which he started in 1838, two years after Darwin’s return to London, and which lasted until 1842 9 . Empiric notions of a definite direction of the evolutionary process, without, however, any attempt theoretically to ground them, go deeper into the eighteenth century. Buffon (1707-1788) spoke of the «realm of man,» because of the geological importance of man. The idea of compaction test, evolution was alien to him. It was likewise alien to Agassiz (1807-1873), who introduced the idea of the glaciaPperiod into science. Agassiz lived in a period of an impetuous blossoming of atmosphere, geology. He admitted that geologically the realm of man had come, but, because of his theological, tenets, opposed the theory of factor, evolution. Le Conte points out that Dana; formerly having a point of view close to that of Agassiz, in the last years of his life accepted the idea of evolution in Trials Grandfather its then usual Darwinian interpretation 10 . The difference between Le Conte’s «psychozoic era» and Dana’s «cephalization» thus disappeared.
It is to be regretted that, especially in our country, this important empirical generalization still remains outside the horizon of our biologists. The soundness of Dana’s principle, which happens to compaction factor test, be outside the horizon of our palaeontologists, may easily be verified by anyone willing to do so on the basis of any modern treatise on palaeontology. The principle not only embraces the whole animal kingdom, but likewise reveals itself clearly in individual types of animals. Dana pointed out that in the course of geological time, at george herbert the collar least two billion years and probably much more, there occurs an irregular process of growth and perfection of the central nervous system, beginning with the Crustacea (whose study Dana used to establish his principle), the compaction, molluscs (cephalopoda), and on Taxing Fatty Foods, ending with man. It is this phenomenon that he called cephalization. The brain, which has once achieved a certain level in the process of compaction factor test, evolution, is not subject to retrogression, but only about The Argument, can progress further. Proceeding from the notion of the geological role of man, the geologist A. P. Pavlov (1854-1929) in compaction factor the last years of his life used to speak of the anthropogenic era in which we now live. While he did not take into the account the possibility of the destruction of spiritual and material values we now witness in the barbaric invasion of the Germans and their allies, slightly more than ten years after his death, he rightly emphasized that man, under our very eyes, is becoming a mighty and ever-growing geological force. This geological force was formed quite imperceptibly over a long period of time.
A change in man’s position on our planet (his material position first of all) coincided with it. In the twentieth century, man, for the first time in film the history of the earth, knew and embraced the whole biosphere, completed the test, geographic map of the herbert, planet Earth, and colonized its whole surface. Mankind became a single totality in the life of the factor, earth. There is no spot on earth where man can not live if he so desires. Our people’s sojourn on the floating ice of the North Pole in 1937-1938 has proved this clearly. At the same time, owing to the migthy techniques and successes of scientific thought, radio and television, man is able to speak instantly to anyone he wishes at any point on our planet.
Transportation by air has reached a speed of several hundred kilometers per Personal Essay: and my Grandfather, hour, and has not reached its maximum. Compaction Test. All this is the result of «cephalization,» the growth of man’s brain and the work directed by his brain. The economist, L. Brentano, illuminated the planetary sig nificance of this phenomenon with the following striking computation: if a square meter was assigned to each man, and if all men were put close to one another, they would not occupy the area of even the small Lake of Constance between the borders of Bavaria and Switzerland. Atmosphere. The remainder of the earth’s surface would remain empty of man. Thus the whole of mankind put together represents an insignificant mass of the planet’s matter. Its strength is derived not from its matter, but from its brain. Factor Test. If man understands this, and does not use his brain and his work for on Taxing, self-destruction, an test immense future is open before him in the geological history of the Fatty, biosphere. The geological evolutionary process shows the biological unity and equality of all men, Homo sapiens and his ancestors, Sinanthropus and others; their progeny in the mixed white, red, yellow, and black races evolves ceaselessly in innumerable generations «. This is a law of nature. Factor. In a historical contest, as for instance in a war of such magnitude as the present one, he finally wins who follows that law. One cannot oppose with impunity the principle of the unity of all men as a law of nature.
I use here the phrase law of atmosphere, nature as this term is used more and more in the physical and chemical sciences, in the sense of an empirical generalization established with precision. The historical process is being radically changed under our very eyes. For the first time in the history of mankind the interests of the masses on the one hand, and the free thought of individuals on the other, determine the course of compaction, life of mankind and provide standards for men’s ideas of justice. George. Mankind taken as a whole is becoming a mighty geological force. There arises the test, problem of the reconstruction of the biosphere in the interests of atmosphere literature, freely thinking humanity as a single totality. This new state of the biosphere, which we approach without our noticing it, is the nousphere. In my lecture at the Sorbonne in compaction factor Paris in 1922-23,1 accepted biogeochemical phenomena as the basis of the biosphere. The contents of part of these lectures were published in my book, «Studies in Geochemistry,» which appeared first in French, in 1924, and then in a Russian translation, in 1927 12 . The French mathematician Le Roy, a Bergsonian philosopher, accepted the biogeochemical foundation of the biosphere as a starting point, and in his lectures at the CollHge de France in Paris, introduced in 1927 the concept of the nousphere as the george herbert the collar, stage through which the biosphere is compaction now passing geologically l3 . He emphasized that he arrived at such a notion in collaboration with his friend Teilhard de Chardin, a great geologist and palaeontologist, now working in China. The nousphere is a new geological phenomenon on our planet. In it for the first time man becomes a large-scale geological force.
He can and must rebuild the province of pengajian malaysia, his life by his work and thought, rebuild it radically in comparison with the past. Wider and wider creative possibilities open before him. It may be that the generation of compaction, our grandchildren will approach their blossoming. Here a new riddle has arisen before us. Thought is not a form of energy. How then can it change material processes? That question has not as yet been solved. As far as I know, it was first posed by an American scientist born in Lvov, the mathematician and biophysicist Alfred Lotka 14 . But he was unable to solve it. As Goethe (1740-1832), not only a great poet but a great scientist as well, once rightly remarked, in science we only can know how something occurred, but we cannot know why it occurred.
As for the coming of the noqsphere, we see around us at every step the empirical results of that «incomprehensible» process. That mineralogical rarity, native iron, is now being produced by the billions of tons. Macbeth Polanski. Native aluminum, which never before existed on our planet, is now produced in any quantity. The same is true with regard to compaction factor, the countless number of artificial chemical combinations (biogenic «cultural» minerals) newly created on our planet. The number of such artificial minerals is constantly increasing. All of the strategic raw mate rials belong here. Chemically, the face of our planet, the roman, biosphere, is being sharply changed by man, consciously, and even more so, unconsciously. The aerial envelope of the land as well as all its natural waters are changed both physically and chemically by man.
In the twentieth century, as a result of the growth of test, human civilization, the seas and the parts of the oceans closest to shore become changed more and more markedly. Man now must take more and more measures to preserve for future generations the wealth of the Personal Essay: and my Grandfather, seas which so far have belonged to compaction, nobody. Besides this, new species and races of animals and plants are being created by contoh man. Fairy tale dreams appear possible in the future: man is factor test striving to emerge beyond the boundaries of his planet into cosmic space. And he probably will do so. At present we cannot afford not to macbeth film roman polanski, realize that, in the great historical tragedy through which we live, we have elementally chosen the right path leading into the nousphere. I say elementally, as the test, whole history of mankind is proceeding in this direction. The historians and political leaders only begin to film roman polanski, approach a comprehension of the phenomena of nature from this point of view. The approach of Winston Churchill (1932) to the problem, from the angle of a historian and test, political leader, is very interesting 5 . The nousphere is the last of many stages in the evolution of the . biosphere in geological history. The course of macbeth film polanski, this evolution only compaction factor test, begins to become clear to us through a study of george, some of the aspects of the biosphere’s geological past.
Let me cite a few examples. Five hundred million years ago, in the Cambrian geological era, skeletal formations of animals, rich in calcium, appeared for the first time in the biosphere; those of plants appeared over two billion years ago. Factor Test. That calcium function of atmosphere literature, living matter, now powerfully developed, was one of the most important evolutionary factors in the geological change of the biosphere ‘ 6 . A no less important change in the biosphere occurred from seventy to one hundred and ten million years ago, at the time of the Cretaceous system, and compaction test, especially during the Tertiary. It was in this epoch that our green forests, which we cherish so much, were formed for the first time. This is another great evolutionary stadium, analogous to the nousphere. On Taxing. It was probably in these forests that man appeared, around fifteen or twenty million years ago. Now we live in the period of a new geological evolutionary change in the biosphere.
We are entering the nousphere. This new elemental geological process is taking place at compaction factor test a stormy time, in the epoch of george the collar, a destructive world war. Factor Test. But the important fact is that our democratic ideals are in tune with the elemental geological processes, with the laws of nature, and with the nousphere. Therefore we may face the future with confidence. It is in our hands. We will not let it go. Borovoe, July 22/Moscow, December 15, 1943.
NOTES AND REFERENCES. The word «nousphere» is composed from the Greek terms noos, mind, and sphere, the last used in the sense of an envelope of the Essay, earth. I treat the problem of the noqsphere in compaction more detail in the third part of my book, now being prepared for publication, on The Chemical Structure of the Biosphere of the Earth as a Planet, and its Surroundings. It should be noted that in this connection. Essay The Argument. I came upon the forgotten thoughts of that original Bavarian chemist, C. Schoenbein (1799 -1868) and of his friend, the English physicist of genius, M. Faraday (1791 -1867). As early as the beginning of the eighteen-forties, Schoenbein attempted to prove that a new division should be created in geology-geochemistry, as he called it. See W. Vernadsky, Ocherki geokhimii (Studies in Geochemistry), 4th edition, Moscow-Leningrad, 1934, pp.
14, 290. On the significance of KEPS see A. Test. E. Essay About The Argument For Nuclear Energy. Fersman. Voina i strategicheskoe syrie (The War and Strategic Raw Materials). Krasnoufimsk, 1941, p. 48. See my article. Out of mv Recollections: The First Year of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, to appear in the Jubilee volume of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, in commemoration of its twenty-fifth anniversary. In accordance with modern American geologists as, for test, example, Charles Schuchert (Schuchert and Dunbar, A Textbook of Geology, 11, New York, 1941, p. 88ff.), I call the Cryptozoic era that period which formerly had been called die Azoic, or the Archaeozoic, era. In the Cryptozoic era the morphological preservation of the remnants of organisms dwindles almost to nothing, but the atmosphere literature, existence of life is revealed in the organogenic rocks, the origins of which arouse no doubts. On the bio-inert bodies see W. I. Vernadsky, Problems of Biogeochemistry, II, Trans.
Conn. Acad. Arts Sci., vol. 35 (1944), pp. 493-494. Such are, for example, the soil, the ocean, the overwhelming majority of terrestrial waters, the troposphere, and so on. This problem urgently needs experimental verification. It has been set forth by the Laboratory of Geochemical Problems in collaboration with the Palaeontological Institute of the Academy of Sciences, in the plan of our work for 1944. See my basic work referred to in Note 7.
One should not fail to note here that the expedition during which Dana came to his conclusions concerning cephalization, the factor test, coral islands, and so on, actually and historically was closely connected with the exploration of the Pacific by Russian navigators, especially Krusenstern (1770 -1846). See D. Oilman, The Life ofJ. About The Argument For Nuclear Energy. D. Dana, New York, 1899. The chapter on the oceanic expedition in this book was written by Le Conte. Le Conte’s book. Evolution (1888), has not been accessible to me. His autobiography was published in 1903: W. Factor Test. Armes, Editor, The Autobiography of Joseph Le Conte.
For his biography and bibliography see H. Fairchild in Bull. About The Argument Energy. Geol. Soc. Amer. 26 (1915), p. Compaction Factor. 53. It was the pengajian malaysia, report on the Russian travels, published in German in 1827, which spurred the compaction test, American lawyer, John Reynolds, to atmosphere literature, insist on the organization of a similar American scientific oceanic expedition. Owing to Reynolds’ persistence, the expedition eventually materialized, but not until eleven years afterwards, in 1838. Factor Test. This was the Wilkcs expedition, which finally proved the existence of the Antarctic. On Reynolds see the Index in Centenary Celebration: Wilkes Exploring Expedition of the george, U.S. Navy, 1838 — 1842, Proc. Amer.
Philos. Soc, 82, No. 5 (1940). It is to factor, be regretted that our expeditions in the Pacific, so active in the first half of the nineteenth century, were later discontinued for a long time (almost until the Revolution), following the death of both Emperor Alexander I (1777-1825 and pengajian malaysia, Count N. P. Rumiantsov (1754-1826) that remarkable leader of compaction, Russian culture who equipped the «Riurik» expedition (1815-1818) out of his private funds. In the Soviet period . . Deriugin’s (1878 -1936) expedition should be mentioned, its precious and scientifically important materials have been so far only partly studied and remain unpublished.
Such an attitude toward scentific work is inadmissible, The Zoological Museum of the Academy of Sciences must fulfill this scientific and civic duty. 10. D. Gilman, o.c, p. 255. I and my contemporaries have imperceptibly lived through a drastic change in the comprehension of the circumambient world. In the time of my youth it seemed both to Essay on Taxing Foods, me and to others that man had lived through a historical time only, within the span of a few thousand years, at best a few tens of thousand of factor test, years. Now we know that man has been consciously living through tens of film, mil lions of years. He consciously lived through the glacial period in both Eurasia and North America, through the formation of Eastern Himalaya, and so on.
The division of historical and geological time is leveled out for us. The last revised edition of my Ocherki Geokhimii (Problems of Geochemistry) appeared in 1934. In 1926 the Russian edition of Biosfera (The Biosphere) came out, and in 1929 its French edition. My Biogeokhimicheskie Ocherki (Biogeochemical Studies) was published in 1940. Factor Test. The publication of Problemy biogeokhimii (Problems of Biogeochemistry) was begun in 1940. (A con densed English translation of Part 11 appeared, under the editorship of G. Personal Trials Grandfather. E. Hutchinson, in Trans. Conn. Acad.
Arts Sci., vol. 35 in 1944.) Part III is in press. Ocherki geokhimii was translated into German and Japanese. Le Roy’s lectures were at once published in French: L’exigence idtialiste et le fait d’involution, Paris, 1927, p. Test. 196. A. Lotka, Elements of For Nuclear Energy, Physical Biology, Baltimore, 1925, p. 405 f. W.S. Churchill, Amid These Storms: Thoughts and Adventures.
New York,1932, p. 274 f. Test. I plan to return to this problem elsewhere. I deal with the Personal Essay: Trials Grandfather, problem of the biogeochemical functions of organisms in the second part of my book. The Chemical Structure of the Biosphere (see Note 7). , .. . Compaction. . , , .
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American Studies/Henry Ford: The Model T term paper 2301. In 1908 the first ever Model T had been built in a Detroit, Michigan factory. This single machine revolutionized the world today. Although it wasn't the first car, the Model T was the best of the compaction early ones that was produced. This car was reliable, comfortable, and literature affordable making it an test easy winner over the rest of the non-existent competition. Since Henry Ford built his first racer in 1903, he has always been associated with the word reliable. In the george herbert the collar first race he ever drove in he used a car that had only twenty-four horsepower. The rest of the field was in the high thirties and one car even boasted of forty-two horsepower (Lacroix 15). Alexander Winton who was a successfully known racer drove the car with the forty-two horsepower. Henrys car was losing right from the compaction start of the Essay The Argument For Nuclear race as Winton's car had pulled away from the entire field, most cars though had gotten into accidents because of the inexperience of the drivers.
Out of the ten drivers eight were out because of accidents. This had just left Ford and Winton. Compaction Factor. Winton, although in Grandfather the lead, was facing problems. His engine had begun to smoke because it was not getting enough oil to it. His car lost speed each foot he had moved until his car had eventually stopped running. This had allowed for Henry to make up all of the lost ground and go onto win. All though not the factor fastest car it was the most reliable and that is why Henry is known for his reliability (Wamner 32). With this race complete it was time for Henry to move on with the rest of assignment malaysia, his life and begin his job as a car maker. In 1904 Ford had began production on the Model A. Compaction. The Model A was not successful at all. There were constant breakdowns on nearly every part and also it took too much gas to keep the machine running.
Ford had produced cars from the Model B to the Model S and out of all of atmosphere literature, these models all of these had proved to be unsuccessful in compaction factor the car market (Wamner 29). It wasn't until 1907 when Ford had designed the george herbert Model T. The Model T to say the least was designed from an accident (Walton 10). Compaction Factor. The reason this is true is because, that while Henry was attending a race there was an accident where a car had hit a tree, the pengajian car however did not crumble it only had large dents and scratches. The reason for only dents and scratches was because of the metal in the car. The car had been using Vanadium Steel, which is compaction factor test, nearly ten times stronger than the steel they had been using (Wamner 35). Trials Grandfather. Henry needed to find someone to produce this steel for him. Factor Test. It was not easy to make it because conventional kilns only reached 6,000*F, in order for the steel to be produced they needed 9,000*F. Eventually he had found someone to make this and he then made every Model T with it. The Model T or the Tin Lizzie was made for rough conditions, some of these being bad weather and bad roads (Walton 46). He put springs into the car, which led too many improved rides; also they kept the axles from breaking and parts from falling off from the constant movement (Lacroix 19).
Ford had also put a planetary transmission into the car, which gave it a sense of power (Walton 73). It made the literature car roll with out touching the gas. Henry added a windshield to the car to keep everything outside out and everything inside in. Compaction. By making improvements like this sales went from roman 1,035 in 1907 to 15,000,000 in 1927 (Lacroix 132). With his improvements he had also brought improvements onto society itself (Sanchez 112). He had led to improvements like urbanization, roads, and faster means of compaction factor test, travel, and also benefits to nearly every other company (Sanchez 115). People around America praised the on Taxing Foods Model T, other than urbanization, and roads being created they were happy about the fact that they could sleep a little longer because there was no slow travel anymore (Sanchez 114). Through the time that the Ford Motor Company was at factor, its peak so was the Sears Roebuck Co. catalog.
The catalog had over five thousand items that could be strapped on, screwed on Essay Energy, and also put into compaction test the Model T. Essay Fatty Foods. Everyone and everything had been touched by the Model T in factor some way. With a slogan that said, You can't get more for under $2,000 you really couldn't go wrong (Walton 91). Essay The Argument Energy. Thinking that something would go wrong, John Burroghs, a friend and a poet had written a letter to Henry Ford saying that his car would ruin nature and hurt the planet. Henry had sent him a car and John Burroghs never looked back, he loved the car so much that he said, It has added a new joy to compaction factor test my life (Walton 117). Atmosphere. Most people felt the same way that Burroghs had felt, having control to get to wherever they wanted to bring a sense of power to them. Ford continued to produce the Model T for the next 20 years. Test. He was able to achieve dominance over this time period through the assembly line. Literature. By using the assembly line he was able to make chassis from the compaction test previous twelve and a half-hours down to five hours and forty-five minutes (Lacroix 68). Ford still believed that he could cut the time down even more so, instead of having the worker move to that product he had the product move to contoh assignment malaysia that worker. He had cut the test time from five hours and forty-five minutes to an impressive ninety-three minutes (Lacroix 68). Literature. This made production go from about five a day to about one hundred a day (Lacroix 70).
Another achievement of Henry was interchangeable parts. By using interchangeable parts for cars they were more easily repaired when damage was created (Lacroix 71). Although Henry had such dominance he had never once changed the design on the Model T (Sanchez 116). Factor. He had kept the same design for nearly twenty years and because of this he lost ground to macbeth film roman polanski his competitors everyday. This had hurt business substantially so on May 31st, 1927 Henry Ford shut the compaction test doors of the Ford Motor Company and retooled all of his machines (Walton 87). Atmosphere Literature. They had prepared to start working on the newly designed Model A, and compaction factor test they also tried to bring back their dominance (Walton 89). This had never happened even though the Model A was a big seller and so was their V8, which was the first of Essay about For Nuclear Energy, its kind.
They could not set themselves back atop the rest of the compaction factor competition because there was just so much more this time around. Henry was a successful man but his inability to see changes in society had led to Essay Foods his downfall as the compaction test #1 car maker in the United States. He did make a wise decision though in handing his company down to his son who was the most capable of running his own fathers company. Henry showed a lot of Essay Fatty, courage in producing automobiles. At first people really didn't think that they would ever work, become popular, or even be accepted by society, but Henry continued on none the less (Lacroix 76). To this day we still enjoy the compaction test effects of the Model T. With the george Model T being created nearly every other industry was created off of it or were revolutionized. Movies at one point were drive ins, without the car there is no drive in. Food industries revolutionized, fast food was created and the assembly was and still is to this day in effect at fast food restaurants. One thing that is really enjoyable and is a direct result of the Model T is the creation of suburbia. With out the Model T being created there would be no suburbs.
Everyone would be living in the city still or fairly close to it because of the lack of transportation. Because of the Model T though people can have the enjoyment of using their cars to travel from compaction factor test home to work and work to film roman home (Kuralt Video). The Model T, although not an factor test expensive car, gave people a sense of power and richness (Kuralt Video). It made people feel like they were above other people. In today's society that is true as well, people these days don't drive Model T's but they drive luxury cars and sports cars. These cars give the same sense of power and rich feeling to people. He opened many doors for the world, allowed for faster communication and travel (Lacroix 76).
Even if he didn't have an roman eye for change he did have a mind full of ideas. With people like this throughout history a change of some sort can almost always be expected. Factor. If there had never been a Henry Ford and a Ford Motor Company then where would we be today? It is because of people that have courage our society was able to advance so rapidly and change in so many different ways. Lacroix, Samuel. Henry Ford: The men and the machine. St.Louis: James Donahue, 1983. On the Road. With Charles Kuralt, No Director Listed, CBS. Roman Polanski. Sanchez, Nicholas 100 Most Important Americans in the 20th. Century Life Fall 1990, pp.
112-116. Walton, Chelle Henry and factor test Clara Ford. Boston: Charles. Wamner, John Henry Ford: Detroit's Big Wheel Time. Contoh. December 1988, 29-35. Our writers are all Uni graduates able to work effectively on any level under time constraints. Well-versed in most subjects and citation styles, our writers have years of ghostwriting experience doing both academic and professional projects.
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conclusion help My Dear Fellow Clergymen: While confined here in the Birmingham city jail, I came across your recent statement calling my present activities unwise and untimely. Seldom do I pause to answer criticism of my work and ideas. If I sought to answer all the criticisms that cross my desk, my secretaries would have little time for anything other than such correspondence in the course of the day, and compaction factor, I would have no time for constructive work.
But since I feel that you are men of genuine good will and that your criticisms are sincerely set forth, I want to try to answer your statement in what I hope will be patient and reasonable terms. I think I should indicate why I am here in Birmingham, since you have been influenced by the view which argues against outsiders coming in. I have the Essay on Taxing Foods honor of serving as president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization operating in every southern state, with headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia. We have some eighty five affiliated organizations across the South, and one of them is the factor Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights. Frequently we share staff, educational and financial resources with our affiliates. Several months ago the affiliate here in film roman polanski, Birmingham asked us to be on call to engage in compaction factor test, a nonviolent direct action program if such were deemed necessary. We readily consented, and when the hour came we lived up to our promise.
So I, along with several members of my staff, am here because I was invited here. I am here because I have organizational ties here. But more basically, I am in Birmingham because injustice is here. Just as the Essay Fatty prophets of the compaction factor eighth century B.C. left their villages and carried their thus saith the Personal Trials and my Grandfather Lord far beyond the boundaries of their home towns, and just as the factor Apostle Paul left his village of Tarsus and Personal Grandfather, carried the factor gospel of Essay The Argument Jesus Christ to the far corners of the Greco Roman world, so am I compelled to carry the gospel of freedom beyond my own home town. Like Paul, I must constantly respond to the Macedonian call for aid. Moreover, I am cognizant of the interrelatedness of all communities and states.
I cannot sit idly by in Atlanta and not be concerned about what happens in Birmingham. Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere. We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny. Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly. Never again can we afford to live with the narrow, provincial outside agitator idea. Factor Test? Anyone who lives inside the United States can never be considered an outsider anywhere within its bounds. You deplore the demonstrations taking place in Birmingham. But your statement, I am sorry to say, fails to express a similar concern for the conditions that brought about the demonstrations.
I am sure that none of Essay you would want to compaction factor rest content with the superficial kind of social analysis that deals merely with effects and does not grapple with underlying causes. Essay On Taxing? It is unfortunate that demonstrations are taking place in Birmingham, but it is even more unfortunate that the compaction city's white power structure left the Negro community with no alternative. In any nonviolent campaign there are four basic steps: collection of the the collar facts to compaction determine whether injustices exist; negotiation; self purification; and direct action. We have gone through all these steps in Birmingham. There can be no gainsaying the fact that racial injustice engulfs this community.
Birmingham is probably the most thoroughly segregated city in atmosphere literature, the United States. Compaction Factor Test? Its ugly record of brutality is widely known. Negroes have experienced grossly unjust treatment in the courts. There have been more unsolved bombings of Negro homes and churches in Birmingham than in any other city in the nation. These are the Personal Trials and my Grandfather hard, brutal facts of the case. On the basis of these conditions, Negro leaders sought to compaction factor test negotiate with the city fathers. But the latter consistently refused to engage in good faith negotiation. Then, last September, came the opportunity to talk with leaders of Birmingham's economic community. In the course of the negotiations, certain promises were made by the merchants--for example, to remove the stores' humiliating racial signs.
On the Essay on Taxing basis of these promises, the Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth and the leaders of the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights agreed to factor test a moratorium on all demonstrations. As the atmosphere weeks and months went by, we realized that we were the victims of a broken promise. A few signs, briefly removed, returned; the others remained. As in so many past experiences, our hopes had been blasted, and the shadow of compaction factor test deep disappointment settled upon us. We had no alternative except to prepare for george herbert direct action, whereby we would present our very bodies as a means of laying our case before the conscience of the local and the national community. Mindful of the difficulties involved, we decided to compaction undertake a process of self purification. We began a series of workshops on nonviolence, and we repeatedly asked ourselves: Are you able to accept blows without retaliating? Are you able to endure the ordeal of jail?
We decided to schedule our direct action program for the Easter season, realizing that except for Christmas, this is the main shopping period of the year. Knowing that a strong economic-withdrawal program would be the by assignment product of compaction factor test direct action, we felt that this would be the best time to bring pressure to bear on the merchants for the needed change. Then it occurred to Essay about us that Birmingham's mayoral election was coming up in factor test, March, and we speedily decided to postpone action until after election day. When we discovered that the Commissioner of Public Safety, Eugene Bull Connor, had piled up enough votes to be in the run off, we decided again to postpone action until the day after the run off so that the demonstrations could not be used to on Taxing Fatty Foods cloud the compaction test issues. Like many others, we waited to see Mr. Connor defeated, and to this end we endured postponement after postponement. Having aided in this community need, we felt that our direct action program could be delayed no longer.
You may well ask: Why direct action? Why sit ins, marches and so forth? Isn't negotiation a better path? You are quite right in about, calling for negotiation. Indeed, this is the test very purpose of direct action. Atmosphere Literature? Nonviolent direct action seeks to compaction factor create such a crisis and foster such a tension that a community which has constantly refused to negotiate is forced to confront the issue. It seeks so to about Energy dramatize the issue that it can no longer be ignored. My citing the creation of tension as part of the work of the nonviolent resister may sound rather shocking. But I must confess that I am not afraid of the word tension. I have earnestly opposed violent tension, but there is a type of constructive, nonviolent tension which is necessary for growth. Just as Socrates felt that it was necessary to create a tension in the mind so that individuals could rise from the bondage of myths and half truths to the unfettered realm of creative analysis and objective appraisal, so must we see the need for nonviolent gadflies to create the kind of tension in society that will help men rise from the dark depths of prejudice and factor, racism to the majestic heights of understanding and brotherhood.
The purpose of macbeth film our direct action program is to factor test create a situation so crisis packed that it will inevitably open the george herbert the collar door to negotiation. I therefore concur with you in your call for negotiation. Too long has our beloved Southland been bogged down in a tragic effort to test live in monologue rather than dialogue. One of the basic points in your statement is that the action that I and my associates have taken in Birmingham is untimely. Some have asked: Why didn't you give the new city administration time to act? The only answer that I can give to the collar this query is that the new Birmingham administration must be prodded about compaction as much as the outgoing one, before it will act. We are sadly mistaken if we feel that the election of Albert Boutwell as mayor will bring the millennium to Birmingham. While Mr. Boutwell is a much more gentle person than Mr. Connor, they are both segregationists, dedicated to maintenance of the status quo. I have hope that Mr.
Boutwell will be reasonable enough to see the futility of the collar massive resistance to test desegregation. But he will not see this without pressure from devotees of Personal Essay: and my civil rights. My friends, I must say to you that we have not made a single gain in civil rights without determined legal and nonviolent pressure. Lamentably, it is an historical fact that privileged groups seldom give up their privileges voluntarily. Individuals may see the test moral light and voluntarily give up their unjust posture; but, as Reinhold Niebuhr has reminded us, groups tend to atmosphere literature be more immoral than individuals. We know through painful experience that freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed. Frankly, I have yet to engage in a direct action campaign that was well timed in factor, the view of those who have not suffered unduly from the disease of segregation. For years now I have heard the Essay on Taxing Foods word Wait! It rings in the ear of every Negro with piercing familiarity. This Wait has almost always meant Never.
We must come to see, with one of our distinguished jurists, that justice too long delayed is justice denied. We have waited for compaction more than 340 years for our constitutional and God given rights. The nations of Asia and Africa are moving with jetlike speed toward gaining political independence, but we still creep at horse and buggy pace toward gaining a cup of coffee at a lunch counter. Perhaps it is easy for those who have never felt the stinging darts of segregation to say, Wait. Essay Fatty? But when you have seen vicious mobs lynch your mothers and fathers at will and drown your sisters and brothers at whim; when you have seen hate filled policemen curse, kick and even kill your black brothers and sisters; when you see the factor vast majority of The Argument your twenty million Negro brothers smothering in an airtight cage of poverty in the midst of an affluent society; when you suddenly find your tongue twisted and your speech stammering as you seek to explain to your six year old daughter why she can't go to the public amusement park that has just been advertised on television, and see tears welling up in her eyes when she is told that Funtown is closed to colored children, and see ominous clouds of inferiority beginning to form in her little mental sky, and compaction test, see her beginning to distort her personality by developing an unconscious bitterness toward white people; when you have to concoct an answer for a five year old son who is asking: Daddy, why do white people treat colored people so mean?; when you take a cross county drive and find it necessary to sleep night after night in the uncomfortable corners of your automobile because no motel will accept you; when you are humiliated day in Essay about The Argument For Nuclear, and day out by nagging signs reading white and colored; when your first name becomes nigger, your middle name becomes boy (however old you are) and your last name becomes John, and your wife and compaction test, mother are never given the respected title Mrs.; when you are harried by day and haunted by night by the fact that you are a Negro, living constantly at tiptoe stance, never quite knowing what to expect next, and are plagued with inner fears and outer resentments; when you are forever fighting a degenerating sense of nobodiness--then you will understand why we find it difficult to wait. There comes a time when the cup of endurance runs over, and men are no longer willing to be plunged into the abyss of despair. Essay About The Argument For Nuclear? I hope, sirs, you can understand our legitimate and unavoidable impatience. You express a great deal of anxiety over our willingness to break laws. This is certainly a legitimate concern. Compaction Factor Test? Since we so diligently urge people to obey the Supreme Court's decision of 1954 outlawing segregation in the public schools, at atmosphere literature, first glance it may seem rather paradoxical for us consciously to break laws.
One may well ask: How can you advocate breaking some laws and obeying others? The answer lies in the fact that there are two types of test laws: just and unjust. Macbeth Polanski? I would be the first to advocate obeying just laws. One has not only a legal but a moral responsibility to obey just laws. Conversely, one has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws. Compaction Factor? I would agree with St. Augustine that an unjust law is no law at all. Now, what is the difference between the two? How does one determine whether a law is just or unjust?
A just law is Fatty a man made code that squares with the moral law or the factor test law of God. An unjust law is a code that is out of harmony with the moral law. The Collar? To put it in the terms of St. Thomas Aquinas: An unjust law is a human law that is not rooted in eternal law and natural law. Any law that uplifts human personality is just. Any law that degrades human personality is unjust. All segregation statutes are unjust because segregation distorts the soul and damages the personality. Factor? It gives the segregator a false sense of Personal Essay: Trials and my Grandfather superiority and the segregated a false sense of compaction factor inferiority.
Segregation, to use the terminology of the Jewish philosopher Martin Buber, substitutes an I it relationship for an I thou relationship and ends up relegating persons to the status of things. Hence segregation is not only politically, economically and sociologically unsound, it is morally wrong and sinful. Paul Tillich has said that sin is separation. Macbeth Roman Polanski? Is not segregation an existential expression of man's tragic separation, his awful estrangement, his terrible sinfulness? Thus it is that I can urge men to obey the 1954 decision of the compaction test Supreme Court, for it is morally right; and I can urge them to disobey segregation ordinances, for Essay Fatty they are morally wrong.
Let us consider a more concrete example of just and unjust laws. An unjust law is a code that a numerical or power majority group compels a minority group to obey but does not make binding on itself. This is difference made legal. By the factor test same token, a just law is a code that a majority compels a minority to follow and film, that it is test willing to follow itself. This is atmosphere sameness made legal. Let me give another explanation. Factor? A law is contoh assignment unjust if it is inflicted on a minority that, as a result of being denied the right to vote, had no part in enacting or devising the law. Who can say that the legislature of compaction factor test Alabama which set up that state's segregation laws was democratically elected? Throughout Alabama all sorts of devious methods are used to prevent Negroes from becoming registered voters, and there are some counties in about Energy, which, even though Negroes constitute a majority of the population, not a single Negro is registered.
Can any law enacted under such circumstances be considered democratically structured? Sometimes a law is factor test just on its face and unjust in its application. For instance, I have been arrested on a charge of parading without a permit. Now, there is film roman polanski nothing wrong in compaction test, having an ordinance which requires a permit for a parade. But such an film polanski, ordinance becomes unjust when it is used to maintain segregation and to deny citizens the First-Amendment privilege of peaceful assembly and protest.
I hope you are able to see the distinction I am trying to point out. In no sense do I advocate evading or defying the law, as would the compaction factor test rabid segregationist. That would lead to anarchy. One who breaks an unjust law must do so openly, lovingly, and with a willingness to accept the penalty. I submit that an individual who breaks a law that conscience tells him is unjust, and who willingly accepts the penalty of imprisonment in order to arouse the conscience of the community over its injustice, is in reality expressing the contoh malaysia highest respect for test law. Of course, there is nothing new about this kind of Fatty civil disobedience.
It was evidenced sublimely in compaction, the refusal of Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego to obey the laws of Nebuchadnezzar, on the ground that a higher moral law was at stake. It was practiced superbly by atmosphere literature the early Christians, who were willing to compaction face hungry lions and Personal, the excruciating pain of chopping blocks rather than submit to certain unjust laws of the Roman Empire. To a degree, academic freedom is a reality today because Socrates practiced civil disobedience. In our own nation, the Boston Tea Party represented a massive act of factor civil disobedience. We should never forget that everything Adolf Hitler did in Germany was legal and everything the Hungarian freedom fighters did in Essay on Taxing Fatty, Hungary was illegal. Factor? It was illegal to aid and comfort a Jew in Hitler's Germany. Even so, I am sure that, had I lived in Germany at the time, I would have aided and comforted my Jewish brothers. If today I lived in a Communist country where certain principles dear to the Christian faith are suppressed, I would openly advocate disobeying that country's antireligious laws. I must make two honest confessions to you, my Christian and Jewish brothers. First, I must confess that over Essay Fatty the past few years I have been gravely disappointed with the white moderate.
I have almost reached the regrettable conclusion that the Negro's great stumbling block in his stride toward freedom is compaction factor not the White Citizen's Counciler or the Ku Klux Klanner, but the white moderate, who is more devoted to order than to justice; who prefers a negative peace which is the absence of tension to a positive peace which is the presence of The Argument justice; who constantly says: I agree with you in the goal you seek, but I cannot agree with your methods of direct action; who paternalistically believes he can set the timetable for another man's freedom; who lives by a mythical concept of time and who constantly advises the factor test Negro to wait for a more convenient season. Shallow understanding from people of good will is more frustrating than absolute misunderstanding from people of ill will. Lukewarm acceptance is much more bewildering than outright rejection. I had hoped that the film white moderate would understand that law and compaction, order exist for Essay: Grandfather the purpose of establishing justice and that when they fail in test, this purpose they become the dangerously structured dams that block the pengajian malaysia flow of social progress. Factor? I had hoped that the white moderate would understand that the present tension in the South is a necessary phase of the transition from an obnoxious negative peace, in malaysia, which the Negro passively accepted his unjust plight, to a substantive and positive peace, in which all men will respect the dignity and worth of human personality.
Actually, we who engage in nonviolent direct action are not the creators of tension. We merely bring to the surface the factor hidden tension that is Personal already alive. We bring it out in the open, where it can be seen and dealt with. Like a boil that can never be cured so long as it is covered up but must be opened with all its ugliness to test the natural medicines of air and light, injustice must be exposed, with all the tension its exposure creates, to the light of human conscience and the collar, the air of national opinion before it can be cured. In your statement you assert that our actions, even though peaceful, must be condemned because they precipitate violence. But is this a logical assertion? Isn't this like condemning a robbed man because his possession of money precipitated the compaction factor evil act of robbery? Isn't this like condemning Socrates because his unswerving commitment to george herbert the collar truth and his philosophical inquiries precipitated the act by the misguided populace in which they made him drink hemlock? Isn't this like condemning Jesus because his unique God consciousness and compaction factor test, never ceasing devotion to God's will precipitated the evil act of crucifixion?
We must come to contoh malaysia see that, as the federal courts have consistently affirmed, it is wrong to urge an individual to test cease his efforts to gain his basic constitutional rights because the quest may precipitate violence. Society must protect the robbed and punish the robber. I had also hoped that the white moderate would reject the myth concerning time in Essay, relation to the struggle for freedom. Factor? I have just received a letter from a white brother in Texas. He writes: All Christians know that the colored people will receive equal rights eventually, but it is possible that you are in too great a religious hurry. It has taken Christianity almost two thousand years to accomplish what it has. The teachings of Christ take time to come to earth. Such an attitude stems from a tragic misconception of time, from the strangely irrational notion that there is Personal Essay: and my Grandfather something in the very flow of time that will inevitably cure all ills. Actually, time itself is neutral; it can be used either destructively or constructively. More and more I feel that the people of ill will have used time much more effectively than have the compaction people of good will.
We will have to repent in this generation not merely for the hateful words and actions of the bad people but for the appalling silence of the good people. Pengajian? Human progress never rolls in on wheels of inevitability; it comes through the factor tireless efforts of men willing to be co workers with God, and without this hard work, time itself becomes an ally of the forces of social stagnation. We must use time creatively, in the knowledge that the time is always ripe to do right. Now is the time to make real the promise of Fatty Foods democracy and compaction factor test, transform our pending national elegy into a creative psalm of literature brotherhood. Now is the time to lift our national policy from the quicksand of test racial injustice to the solid rock of human dignity. You speak of our activity in Birmingham as extreme.
At first I was rather disappointed that fellow clergymen would see my nonviolent efforts as those of an extremist. Essay About The Argument For Nuclear? I began thinking about the fact that I stand in the middle of two opposing forces in the Negro community. One is a force of test complacency, made up in macbeth film polanski, part of compaction factor test Negroes who, as a result of long years of oppression, are so drained of self respect and a sense of somebodiness that they have adjusted to segregation; and in george herbert the collar, part of compaction test a few middle-class Negroes who, because of a degree of academic and economic security and because in some ways they profit by segregation, have become insensitive to the problems of the george herbert the collar masses. The other force is one of bitterness and hatred, and it comes perilously close to advocating violence. It is expressed in compaction test, the various black nationalist groups that are springing up across the nation, the largest and best known being Elijah Muhammad's Muslim movement.
Nourished by literature the Negro's frustration over the continued existence of factor test racial discrimination, this movement is made up of george people who have lost faith in compaction, America, who have absolutely repudiated Christianity, and who have concluded that the white man is an incorrigible devil. I have tried to stand between these two forces, saying that we need emulate neither the do nothingism of the complacent nor the hatred and despair of the black nationalist. For there is the more excellent way of love and nonviolent protest. I am grateful to God that, through the influence of the The Argument For Nuclear Negro church, the way of nonviolence became an integral part of our struggle. If this philosophy had not emerged, by now many streets of the factor South would, I am convinced, be flowing with blood. And I am further convinced that if our white brothers dismiss as rabble rousers and outside agitators those of us who employ nonviolent direct action, and if they refuse to Personal Essay: support our nonviolent efforts, millions of compaction test Negroes will, out of frustration and despair, seek solace and on Taxing Fatty, security in compaction factor, black nationalist ideologies--a development that would inevitably lead to macbeth roman polanski a frightening racial nightmare. Oppressed people cannot remain oppressed forever. Compaction Test? The yearning for freedom eventually manifests itself, and that is what has happened to the American Negro. Something within has reminded him of his birthright of freedom, and something without has reminded him that it can be gained.
Consciously or unconsciously, he has been caught up by the Zeitgeist, and with his black brothers of Africa and his brown and yellow brothers of Asia, South America and the Caribbean, the United States Negro is moving with a sense of pengajian malaysia great urgency toward the promised land of racial justice. If one recognizes this vital urge that has engulfed the Negro community, one should readily understand why public demonstrations are taking place. The Negro has many pent up resentments and latent frustrations, and he must release them. So let him march; let him make prayer pilgrimages to the city hall; let him go on freedom rides -and try to compaction factor test understand why he must do so. If his repressed emotions are not released in macbeth, nonviolent ways, they will seek expression through violence; this is not a threat but a fact of test history. So I have not said to my people: Get rid of your discontent. Rather, I have tried to say that this normal and healthy discontent can be channeled into the creative outlet of nonviolent direct action.
And now this approach is being termed extremist. But though I was initially disappointed at being categorized as an extremist, as I continued to think about the matter I gradually gained a measure of satisfaction from the label. Was not Jesus an extremist for love: Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to Personal Essay: Trials Grandfather them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you. Was not Amos an extremist for justice: Let justice roll down like waters and righteousness like an compaction test, ever flowing stream. Was not Paul an extremist for the Christian gospel: I bear in my body the marks of the Lord Jesus. Was not Martin Luther an extremist: Here I stand; I cannot do otherwise, so help me God. And John Bunyan: I will stay in the collar, jail to the end of my days before I make a butchery of my conscience. And Abraham Lincoln: This nation cannot survive half slave and half free. And Thomas Jefferson: We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal . . Factor Test? . So the Fatty Foods question is not whether we will be extremists, but what kind of extremists we will be.
Will we be extremists for hate or for love? Will we be extremists for compaction factor test the preservation of injustice or for Essay on Taxing Fatty the extension of justice? In that dramatic scene on Calvary's hill three men were crucified. We must never forget that all three were crucified for the same crime--the crime of extremism. Two were extremists for immorality, and thus fell below their environment. The other, Jesus Christ, was an extremist for love, truth and factor test, goodness, and thereby rose above his environment. Perhaps the South, the nation and the world are in dire need of creative extremists. I had hoped that the white moderate would see this need. Perhaps I was too optimistic; perhaps I expected too much. I suppose I should have realized that few members of the oppressor race can understand the deep groans and film polanski, passionate yearnings of the oppressed race, and still fewer have the vision to see that injustice must be rooted out by strong, persistent and determined action. I am thankful, however, that some of our white brothers in the South have grasped the compaction factor test meaning of this social revolution and roman, committed themselves to it.
They are still all too few in quantity, but they are big in quality. Some -such as Ralph McGill, Lillian Smith, Harry Golden, James McBride Dabbs, Ann Braden and compaction test, Sarah Patton Boyle--have written about our struggle in herbert, eloquent and prophetic terms. Others have marched with us down nameless streets of the South. They have languished in compaction, filthy, roach infested jails, suffering the abuse and brutality of assignment policemen who view them as dirty nigger-lovers. Unlike so many of their moderate brothers and sisters, they have recognized the urgency of the moment and factor, sensed the need for powerful action antidotes to combat the disease of segregation.
Let me take note of my other major disappointment. I have been so greatly disappointed with the george herbert the collar white church and its leadership. Compaction? Of course, there are some notable exceptions. I am not unmindful of the fact that each of you has taken some significant stands on Personal Trials and my Grandfather, this issue. I commend you, Reverend Stallings, for your Christian stand on this past Sunday, in welcoming Negroes to your worship service on a nonsegregated basis. I commend the Catholic leaders of this state for integrating Spring Hill College several years ago. But despite these notable exceptions, I must honestly reiterate that I have been disappointed with the church. Test? I do not say this as one of those negative critics who can always find something wrong with the on Taxing Foods church.
I say this as a minister of the factor gospel, who loves the church; who was nurtured in its bosom; who has been sustained by its spiritual blessings and who will remain true to it as long as the cord of life shall lengthen. When I was suddenly catapulted into the leadership of the Essay about For Nuclear bus protest in Montgomery, Alabama, a few years ago, I felt we would be supported by the white church. I felt that the white ministers, priests and rabbis of the South would be among our strongest allies. Compaction Factor? Instead, some have been outright opponents, refusing to understand the freedom movement and misrepresenting its leaders; all too many others have been more cautious than courageous and have remained silent behind the anesthetizing security of stained glass windows. In spite of my shattered dreams, I came to Birmingham with the Essay about The Argument Energy hope that the white religious leadership of compaction test this community would see the justice of our cause and, with deep moral concern, would serve as the channel through which our just grievances could reach the power structure. I had hoped that each of you would understand.
But again I have been disappointed. I have heard numerous southern religious leaders admonish their worshipers to comply with a desegregation decision because it is the contoh pengajian law, but I have longed to test hear white ministers declare: Follow this decree because integration is morally right and because the atmosphere literature Negro is your brother. In the midst of blatant injustices inflicted upon the Negro, I have watched white churchmen stand on the sideline and mouth pious irrelevancies and sanctimonious trivialities. In the midst of a mighty struggle to rid our nation of racial and compaction factor test, economic injustice, I have heard many ministers say: Those are social issues, with which the gospel has no real concern. The Collar? And I have watched many churches commit themselves to a completely other worldly religion which makes a strange, un-Biblical distinction between body and soul, between the sacred and the secular. I have traveled the length and breadth of Alabama, Mississippi and all the compaction factor test other southern states. On sweltering summer days and crisp autumn mornings I have looked at the South's beautiful churches with their lofty spires pointing heavenward. I have beheld the impressive outlines of her massive religious education buildings. Over and over I have found myself asking: What kind of people worship here? Who is their God? Where were their voices when the lips of Governor Barnett dripped with words of atmosphere literature interposition and nullification?
Where were they when Governor Wallace gave a clarion call for defiance and hatred? Where were their voices of support when bruised and weary Negro men and women decided to rise from the dark dungeons of complacency to the bright hills of creative protest? Yes, these questions are still in compaction factor test, my mind. The Argument? In deep disappointment I have wept over the laxity of the church. But be assured that my tears have been tears of love. There can be no deep disappointment where there is not deep love. Factor? Yes, I love the church. How could I do otherwise? I am in the rather unique position of being the son, the grandson and Essay Fatty, the great grandson of preachers.
Yes, I see the church as the body of Christ. Compaction Factor? But, oh! How we have blemished and scarred that body through social neglect and through fear of being nonconformists. There was a time when the Personal church was very powerful--in the time when the compaction early Christians rejoiced at being deemed worthy to suffer for what they believed. Essay: Trials And My? In those days the church was not merely a thermometer that recorded the ideas and principles of popular opinion; it was a thermostat that transformed the mores of society. Compaction Factor Test? Whenever the early Christians entered a town, the people in atmosphere literature, power became disturbed and factor, immediately sought to convict the Christians for being disturbers of the peace and outside agitators.' But the Christians pressed on, in the conviction that they were a colony of heaven, called to obey God rather than man. Macbeth Roman Polanski? Small in compaction test, number, they were big in commitment.
They were too God-intoxicated to be astronomically intimidated. By their effort and example they brought an end to such ancient evils as infanticide and gladiatorial contests. Things are different now. The Collar? So often the contemporary church is a weak, ineffectual voice with an uncertain sound. So often it is an archdefender of the compaction test status quo. George Herbert The Collar? Far from being disturbed by the presence of the church, the power structure of the average community is consoled by factor test the church's silent--and often even vocal--sanction of Personal Essay: things as they are. But the judgment of compaction God is upon macbeth polanski the church as never before. If today's church does not recapture the sacrificial spirit of the early church, it will lose its authenticity, forfeit the loyalty of millions, and be dismissed as an irrelevant social club with no meaning for the twentieth century. Every day I meet young people whose disappointment with the church has turned into outright disgust.
Perhaps I have once again been too optimistic. Is organized religion too inextricably bound to the status quo to factor test save our nation and the world? Perhaps I must turn my faith to the inner spiritual church, the church within the church, as the true ekklesia and the hope of the world. But again I am thankful to God that some noble souls from the ranks of organized religion have broken loose from the paralyzing chains of conformity and joined us as active partners in the struggle for freedom. They have left their secure congregations and george the collar, walked the streets of Albany, Georgia, with us. They have gone down the highways of the South on tortuous rides for test freedom. Yes, they have gone to jail with us. Some have been dismissed from their churches, have lost the support of their bishops and fellow ministers. But they have acted in the faith that right defeated is stronger than evil triumphant. Contoh Pengajian? Their witness has been the spiritual salt that has preserved the compaction test true meaning of the gospel in these troubled times.
They have carved a tunnel of hope through the dark mountain of disappointment. I hope the church as a whole will meet the challenge of this decisive hour. Herbert The Collar? But even if the church does not come to the aid of compaction test justice, I have no despair about the future. I have no fear about the outcome of our struggle in Birmingham, even if our motives are at present misunderstood. We will reach the goal of freedom in Birmingham and all over the nation, because the goal of America is freedom. Essay The Argument Energy? Abused and scorned though we may be, our destiny is tied up with America's destiny. Before the pilgrims landed at Plymouth, we were here. Before the pen of Jefferson etched the compaction majestic words of the Declaration of Independence across the about pages of history, we were here. For more than two centuries our forebears labored in factor, this country without wages; they made cotton king; they built the homes of Trials and my Grandfather their masters while suffering gross injustice and shameful humiliation -and yet out of a bottomless vitality they continued to thrive and develop. If the inexpressible cruelties of slavery could not stop us, the opposition we now face will surely fail. We will win our freedom because the sacred heritage of our nation and the eternal will of God are embodied in our echoing demands.
Before closing I feel impelled to mention one other point in your statement that has troubled me profoundly. You warmly commended the Birmingham police force for keeping order and preventing violence. I doubt that you would have so warmly commended the police force if you had seen its dogs sinking their teeth into compaction, unarmed, nonviolent Negroes. About The Argument? I doubt that you would so quickly commend the policemen if you were to factor test observe their ugly and inhumane treatment of Negroes here in george herbert the collar, the city jail; if you were to watch them push and curse old Negro women and young Negro girls; if you were to see them slap and kick old Negro men and young boys; if you were to observe them, as they did on two occasions, refuse to give us food because we wanted to sing our grace together. I cannot join you in your praise of the factor Birmingham police department. It is true that the police have exercised a degree of discipline in handling the demonstrators.
In this sense they have conducted themselves rather nonviolently in public. But for about what purpose? To preserve the evil system of test segregation. Over the past few years I have consistently preached that nonviolence demands that the means we use must be as pure as the ends we seek. I have tried to make clear that it is wrong to use immoral means to attain moral ends. But now I must affirm that it is just as wrong, or perhaps even more so, to use moral means to Essay on Taxing preserve immoral ends. Perhaps Mr.
Connor and compaction test, his policemen have been rather nonviolent in public, as was Chief Pritchett in Albany, Georgia, but they have used the moral means of nonviolence to maintain the immoral end of racial injustice. As T. S. George The Collar? Eliot has said: The last temptation is the greatest treason: To do the right deed for test the wrong reason. I wish you had commended the Negro sit inners and demonstrators of Birmingham for roman polanski their sublime courage, their willingness to compaction test suffer and their amazing discipline in the midst of great provocation. One day the South will recognize its real heroes. Essay About The Argument? They will be the compaction James Merediths, with the noble sense of purpose that enables them to face jeering and hostile mobs, and with the agonizing loneliness that characterizes the life of the pioneer. They will be old, oppressed, battered Negro women, symbolized in a seventy two year old woman in Montgomery, Alabama, who rose up with a sense of dignity and with her people decided not to ride segregated buses, and who responded with ungrammatical profundity to one who inquired about her weariness: My feets is tired, but my soul is at rest. They will be the Essay The Argument For Nuclear young high school and college students, the young ministers of the gospel and a host of their elders, courageously and nonviolently sitting in at lunch counters and willingly going to jail for conscience' sake. One day the South will know that when these disinherited children of God sat down at lunch counters, they were in reality standing up for what is compaction test best in Essay The Argument For Nuclear, the American dream and for the most sacred values in our Judaeo Christian heritage, thereby bringing our nation back to those great wells of democracy which were dug deep by the founding fathers in their formulation of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence. Never before have I written so long a letter.
I'm afraid it is much too long to take your precious time. Compaction? I can assure you that it would have been much shorter if I had been writing from a comfortable desk, but what else can one do when he is contoh assignment pengajian malaysia alone in a narrow jail cell, other than write long letters, think long thoughts and pray long prayers? If I have said anything in compaction test, this letter that overstates the truth and indicates an unreasonable impatience, I beg you to forgive me. If I have said anything that understates the on Taxing Fatty Foods truth and indicates my having a patience that allows me to settle for factor anything less than brotherhood, I beg God to forgive me. I hope this letter finds you strong in the faith. I also hope that circumstances will soon make it possible for me to meet each of you, not as an integrationist or a civil-rights leader but as a fellow clergyman and a Christian brother.
Let us all hope that the dark clouds of racial prejudice will soon pass away and the deep fog of misunderstanding will be lifted from our fear drenched communities, and in some not too distant tomorrow the radiant stars of love and brotherhood will shine over macbeth film our great nation with all their scintillating beauty. Yours for the cause of Peace and Brotherhood, Martin Luther King, Jr.
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Compaction - definition of compaction …
Easy Permutations and Combinations. I’ve always confused “permutation” and “combination” — which one’s which? Here’s an compaction factor, easy way to herbert, remember: permutation sounds complicated , doesn’t it? And it is. Factor Test? With permutations, every little detail matters. Macbeth Film? Alice, Bob and Charlie is different from compaction factor test Charlie, Bob and Alice (insert your friends’ names here). Combinations, on the other hand, are pretty easy going. The details don’t matter.
Alice, Bob and Charlie is the same as Charlie, Bob and Alice. Permutations are for lists (order matters) and macbeth roman combinations are for groups (order doesn’t matter). A joke: A combination lock should really be called a permutation lock. Factor? The order you put the numbers in matters. (A true combination lock would accept both 10-17-23 and 23-17-10 as correct.) Let’s start with permutations, or all possible ways of george herbert doing something. Factor Test? We’re using the george fancy-pants term “permutation”, so we’re going to compaction, care about every last detail, including the order of each item. The Argument? Let’s say we have 8 people: How many ways can we award a 1st, 2nd and 3rd place prize among eight contestants? (Gold / Silver / Bronze)
We’re going to use permutations since the order we hand out compaction factor, these medals matters. George? Here’s how it breaks down: Gold medal: 8 choices: A B C D E F G H (Clever how I made the names match up with letters, eh?). Let’s say A wins the compaction factor Gold. Silver medal: 7 choices: B C D E F G H. Let’s say B wins the silver. Bronze medal: 6 choices: C D E F G H. Let’s say… C wins the bronze. We picked certain people to win, but the details don’t matter: we had 8 choices at first, then 7, then 6. The total number of options was 8 · 7 · 6 = 336 . Let’s look at Essay Fatty, the details. We had to order 3 people out of 8. To do this, we started with all options (8) then took them away one at a time (7, then 6) until we ran out of medals. We know the factorial is: Unfortunately, that does too much! We only want 8 · 7 · 6 . Compaction Test? How can we “stop” the factorial at 5?
This is where permutations get cool: notice how we want to get rid of 5 · 4 · 3 · 2 · 1 . What’s another name for film polanski this? 5 factorial! So, if we do 8!/5! we get: And why did we use the compaction factor test number 5? Because it was left over after we picked 3 medals from 8. So, a better way to write this would be: where 8!/(8-3)! is just a fancy way of saying “Use the first 3 numbers of Essay: Trials and my 8!”. If we have n items total and want to pick k in a certain order, we get: And this is the fancy permutation formula: You have n items and want to find the number of ways k items can be ordered: Combinations are easy going. Order doesn’t matter.
You can mix it up and it looks the compaction factor same. Let’s say I’m a cheapskate and can’t afford separate Gold, Silver and Bronze medals. Essay On Taxing Fatty? In fact, I can only factor test, afford empty tin cans. How many ways can I give 3 tin cans to 8 people? Well, in polanski this case, the order we pick people doesn’t matter. If I give a can to Alice, Bob and then Charlie, it’s the same as giving to factor, Charlie, Alice and then Bob. Either way, they’re equally disappointed.
This raises an interesting point — we’ve got some redundancies here. Alice Bob Charlie = Charlie Bob Alice. Essay On Taxing Foods? For a moment, let’s just figure out how many ways we can rearrange 3 people. Well, we have 3 choices for the first person, 2 for the second, and only 1 for compaction factor the last. So we have 3 · 2 · 1 ways to re-arrange 3 people. Wait a minute… this is looking a bit like a permutation! You tricked me! Indeed I did.
If you have N people and atmosphere you want to compaction factor, know how many arrangements there are for Essay: and my Grandfather all of them, it’s just N factorial or N! So, if we have 3 tin cans to give away, there are 3! or 6 variations for every choice we pick. If we want to figure out how many combinations we have, we just create all the permutations and divide by all the redundancies . Compaction Factor? In our case, we get 336 permutations (from above), and we divide by Essay about The Argument For Nuclear Energy, the 6 redundancies for each permutation and get 336/6 = 56. The general formula is. which means “Find all the ways to pick k people from compaction test n, and divide by the k! variants”. Essay About Energy? Writing this out, we get our combination formula , or the number of ways to combine k items from compaction factor a set of n:
Here’s a few examples of combinations (order doesn’t matter) from Fatty Foods permutations (order matters). Combination: Picking a team of 3 people from a group of 10. C(10,3) = 10!/(7! · 3!) = 10 · 9 · 8 / (3 · 2 · 1) = 120 . Permutation: Picking a President, VP and Waterboy from a group of 10. P(10,3) = 10!/7! = 10 · 9 · 8 = 720 . Combination: Choosing 3 desserts from a menu of factor test 10. Macbeth Polanski? C(10,3) = 120. Permutation: Listing your 3 favorite desserts, in order, from compaction a menu of 10. P(10,3) = 720. Don’t memorize the on Taxing Fatty formulas, understand why they work. Combinations sound simpler than permutations, and compaction factor test they are.
You have fewer combinations than permutations. 1301 Comments on macbeth film, Easy Permutations and Combinations Thanks alot! This was actally a better explanation then my teacher could give us =] Agreed – this article helped me understand it WAY better. […] (Brush up on combinations and permuations if you like). Test? […] 6c3 can be written as; = 6*5*4*3!/3!*3*2*1 (3! can cancel out), hence you have. =20, I hope that answers your question. in your calculation, press 10 and press C (Combination) of and pengajian malaysia then press 3. it’s 6p3/3p3 or (6*5*4)/3*2*1) which = 20.
Simplify then u will get.. can anyone show me how many combinations there are using only factor test, 1, 2, and Personal Essay: 3 across and compaction factor 1 to george herbert, 6 down.and 3 down, in other words its a 3 x 6 grid. Please do not give me the compaction factor formula, I just need to see something like this, 1x2x3-1x3x2-2x3x1-2x1x3-3x1x2-3x2xhope it makes sense. If you make the contoh pengajian malaysia chart, you would then have to go through and cross out anything duplicates (1x2x3, 1x3x2, 2x3x1, 3x2x1, 3x1x2, 2x1x3) because the compaction factor represent the atmosphere literature same thing. There is not easy way to get ride of the duplicates when making a chart. I HAVE UNDERSTOOD THE DIFFERENCE TODAY AFTER A GAP OF 38 YEARS. Hi David, yep, you got the formula right. Factor Test? The number of permutations (ways to macbeth roman, order 22 people of 40) is:
40 * 39 * 38 … * 24 * 23 * 22 * 21 * 20 * 19 = 40! / 18! [Be careful of off-by-one errors, I had a mistake at first. 40 to test, 19 is 22 people (just like 40 to 39 is 2 people, even though 40-39 is 1)] And the number of ways to re-arrange 22 people = 22! So we divide the first by the second and get. 113 billion does seem huge, but there’s a lot of multiplications happening. There’s 56 ways to pick 3 people from 8, which seems pretty large as well.
It’s one of those things where human beings (all of Personal Essay: and my us!) aren’t great at intuitively estimating the impact of exponential growth. The birthday paradox and the effect of compound interest are other examples of this. I think it’s because we don’t encounter such mind-boggling growth or large numbers in a way we can really experience (at a certain point, millions, billions, and trillions become “a lot”, even though a trillion is a *million* times bigger than a million). This helped with my question… sort of. Awesome! Glad you found it useful :) this is an awesome site!
Hi D, when you buy multiple tickets you would add up the chances. So 10 tickets would be 1/13,000,000 + 1/13,000,000 + 1/13,000,000 … = 10 / 13,000,000. So buying multiple tickets would increase your chances for that particular lottery. If you somehow bought half of the available tickets, you’d have a 50-50 chance. And if you bought all of the tickets you’d win :). Im not really sure but I dont think Kalid cares after nearly 9 years. Did Cooper win the lottery after all?
finally this makes sense. This still makes 0 sense. I understood the permutations. But then I got confused at factor, the combinations (I think I got confused because they used the For Nuclear Energy combinations for the same example as the permutations) If you pick 3 people from compaction factor a group of 10 (Example 1 in the *A few examples* paragraph.) wouldn’t you do 10 x 9 x 8 like in the permutations paragraph, but then because unlike a permutation, a combination doesn’t care if you mix up those 3 numbers so you would have to divide 3! from 10 x 9 x 8. 10 x 9 x 8 = 720. 3! = 3 x 2 x 1 = 6. That is what the author got, and I understand that.
If this helps, my teacher explained it using the word GLOSS. IF we were to find the literature number of ways we could mix up its letters, we would do 5! because there are 5 letters in test the word. You put one of the letters (L for instance) in first spot, which leaves 4 letters left (G, O, S, S). You get another letter (say it’s S) in macbeth second spot which leaves 3 letters left (G, O, S). Compaction Factor Test? And so on until you have 0 letters left. Essay:? So you started off with 5 letters, and went down to 0, which is why you do 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1 or 5! But there are two S’s and compaction it does not matter where you put either S. SOLGS is the same as SOLGS, right?! I swapped the S’s but you don’t notice. Now, because there are two S’s, we have to divide 5! (possible combinations) by 2! (the 2 S’s that are interchangeable)
5! = 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1 = 120. Therefore there are 60 possible combinations to arrange the letters G, L, O, S, S. If we use the word EXCEED, we would do 6! (because there are 6 letters) divided by 3! (3 E’s) which is: 6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1 = 720. 3! = 3 x 2 x 1 = 6. For EXCEED there are 120 ways we could arrange those letters. Mind you, this was only for combinations. If we did permutations… For the word GLOSS, it would matter where we put the S’s and assignment they would NOT be interchangeable.
Then it would just be 5!, which is 120. For EXCEED, the E’s would not be interchangeable either, so it would be 6!, which is 720. I hope this helped you understand Permutations and Combinations better, and if not, writing this helped me understand it better, so thank you!! :) that was very helpful thankyou. Hi Pras, thanks for the comment!
@Sahil: It’s a good question, but I want to make sure I’m not doing someone’s homework for compaction factor test them :). In general, it’s easier to find the Personal and my chance of “zero matches” and factor test subtract this from about The Argument For Nuclear Energy 1, vs. Compaction Factor? finding the chance for contoh 1 match. So let’s find the test chance for zero matches. Imagine picking your first shoe, A: nothing special here, you aren’t going get the match on a single shoe. You pick shoe B: You have a 18/19 chance of getting zero matches (only A’s partner would match, of the 19). You pick shoe C: You have a 16/18 chance of Energy zero matches (only A and B’s partner would match, of the remaining 18).
You pick shoe D: You have a 14/17 chance of not getting any matches (only A and B and C’s partner would match, of the compaction factor remaining 17). If you multiply these chances you get the total chance for zero matches. Subtract from zero to get the chance for any match. At least I think that’s how it goes :) No. Of ways a pair can be picked from 10 – 10c1. No. The Argument For Nuclear? Of ways 2shoes (any) can be picked from compaction 18(remaining) – 18c2.
No. George The Collar? Of ways picking atleast one pair in 4 out of 20 = 10c1*18c2. I hope it’s crct, pls correct me if I’m wrong. Thanks a million! It makes sense now! Thanks for the encouragement Aaron!
Once I have enough posts I would love to turn it into compaction, a book :) Hi Safa, for that question it helps to take it one step at a time. In a test with only 1 question, how many ways can you be wrong? 3. (Suppose the right answer is Personal Essay: Trials and my Grandfather, D… you could answer A, B or C). Now how about compaction 2 questions? Well, you have 3 ways to get the first question wrong, and another 3 ways to get the second one wrong. Pengajian Malaysia? So the total is 3 * 3 = 9. (Let’s say the compaction test right answer is pengajian malaysia, D and D. Factor Test? Then AA AB AB BA BB BC CA CB CC are all wrong). Similarly, if you have 3 questions, then there is The Argument For Nuclear, 3 * 3 * 3 = 3^3 = 27 ways to get all answers wrong. (You can write it out but will take a while: AAA AAB AAC ABA ABB ABC ACA ACB ACC… you get the compaction test idea :) ) Hope this makes sense, hi. where can i find the atmosphere literature solutions to compaction factor, the problems stated above. Great Stuff!
You should write a book! it was really useful dude. from the Essay first 4 odd numbers (1,3,5 and test 7) and herbert the collar the following 4 even numbers (2,46, and compaction 8), how many groups of Essay Fatty Foods 4 digit numbers can be formed consisting of: a. 2 odd numbers and 2 even numbers? b. all odd numbers? c. Factor? 1 odd number and 3 even numbers? You sure are doing a great work here making things that look really hard/challenging/tasking quite easy. I am a teacher and atmosphere I like the way you explained it so I put a link to this site on my students assignments to read as an factor, introduction to macbeth film, the idea before we go into the more complicated problems in class. No problem, glad it helped! if a train has 18 cars , and 3types of cargo must be transported, how many ways can the test 3 types be transported if one type of cargo can at most occupy only ten cars per train? Suppose you have 13 football matches and each game has 3 chances win, lose Draw.
How can you get a chances of Personal Essay: Trials all possible outcomes? I’ll say you are really a blessing to me. I so much value the way you make difficult things turn so easy. Compaction? I am really so so happy for stumbling upon your site today after so much search for george herbert better explanations on compaction, different topics I find so confusing. I’m one of the Energy many that loves maths a lot but also finds it so frustrating most of the times, especially when the exercises are so twisted than what was used in explaining the topic. I have two sets of exams to write on factor, maths in the next 2 weeks and have been facing so much difficulties in some topics.
I believe I have reached a point where I can grab a sit and learn comfortable and as much as I can before my test.